SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Manufacture a UHT product 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
9199  Manufacture a UHT product 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2004-10-13  2006-04-20  SAQA 0556/04 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2007-04-20   2010-04-20  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
123310  Manufacture a UHT food product  Level 4  NQF Level 04  20  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • demonstrate knowledge of the manufacturing of UHT products,
  • prepare to manufacture a UHT product,
  • manufacture a UHT product prior to packaging,
  • perform end of manufacturing procedures.

    This unit standard is for anyone who works in a dairy facility and needs to manufacture UHT products.

    This unit will contribute to the full development of the learner within the dairy manufacturing environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of manufacturing and assembly. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the dairy manufacturing and processing environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Description of required skills:
    Representative sample taking for quality control purposes.
    Cleaning-in-place and cleaning out-of-place.
    Procedures for the preparation of milk for UHT product manufacturing. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope of this unit standard is for anyone who has to manufacture UHT products.

    The context of this unit standard includes direct and indirect UHT processing systems.

    The level assigned to this unit standard is appropriate because the process requires a wide range of technical skills and offers a considerable choice of procedures. A broad knowledge base incorporating some theoretical concepts, analytical interpretation of information, informed judgement and a range of sometime innovative responses to concrete but often unfamiliar problems are employed. The application of this unit standard is to qualify the person for certification in advanced trade and technical occupations. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the manufacturing of UHT products. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The purpose of UHT treatment of dairy products is explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation refers to:
  • Health and legal regulations regarding pathogens and permitted microbial counts,
  • Effect of UHT treatment on the shelf life and sensory quality of the final product.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The effects of UHT treatment on the enzymes in milk and other dairy products are described according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Enzymes include:
  • Phosphatase,
  • Lipase,
  • Xantine-oxidase,
  • Peroxidase.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The principles of UHT treatment are described according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The differences between a UHT and a sterilised product are explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The differences refer to:
  • Time-temperature combinations,
  • Nature of the process,
  • Extent of sterility,
  • Sensory qualities.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The influence of the quality of the raw milk on the final product is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. The logarithmic reduction of spores and micro-organisms in UHT products is explained according to standard dairy and microbiological principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. The difference between direct and indirect UHT processes is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. The application of an aseptic tank is described according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The description refers to:
  • The function,
  • Operating principles.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    9. The operating principles of direct and indirect UHT systems are explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Indirect UHT systems refer to:
  • Plate heat exchanger,
  • Tube exchanger,
  • Scrape heat exchanger.
    Direct system refers to:
  • Steam injected systems,
  • Steam infusion systems.
    The explanation also refers to:
  • Homogenisation (single/double stage),
  • Water flow,
  • Condition of the pressure heads,
  • Milk temperature.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    10. The components of a UHT system are identified and the purpose of each component is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
    11. The effects of UHT-treatment on the chemical components in dairy products are described according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The description refers to:
  • Precipitation of whey-proteins,
  • De-solubilisation of calcium salts,
  • Changes in the casein micelles.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 12 
    12. The cleaning and sanitising requirements of the UHT processing equipment are explained in line with standard dairy and manufacturer's cleaning and sanitising principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanations covers:
  • The purpose of cleaning and sanitising agents,
  • Cleaning and sanitising sequences during CIP and COP processes,
  • The consequences of incorrect or inadequate cleaning and sanitising procedures on product quality.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to manufacture a UHT product. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Personal preparation is done according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Personal preparation refers to practices that ensure hygiene and personal and product safety.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The UHT processing equipment is sanitised according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Sanitising materials are handled according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The relevant parameters are set according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The reasons for specific values of the different parameters are explained according to standard dairy principles, the manufacturer`s specifications and minimum legislative specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. The equipment is started up according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Common start up problems are solved within scope of work. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Problem solving includes:
  • Recognition of signs of problems,
  • Identification of common problems, their causes and methods for prevention,
  • Description of the consequences of the problem.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Manufacture a UHT product prior to packaging. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. A UHT product is manufactured according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Equipment is handled according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Quality assurance parameters for UHT processing are monitored and controlled according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Samples are taken according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    6. Results of sample analysis are interpreted and a conclusion is drawn on the composition of the final product and the efficiency of UHT processing in terms of legal and site specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    7. The UHT product conforms to legal requirements and site-specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    8. Records of the process are kept according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    9. Where UHT processing equipment is operated simultaneously with other manufacturing actions or processes, it is synchronized according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    10. Common problems are solved within scope of work. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Problem solving includes:
  • Recognition of signs of problems.
  • Identification of common problems, their causes and methods for prevention,
  • Description of the consequences of the problem.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    5. Samples are dispatched to designated areas for analysis. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform end of manufacturing procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The equipment is shut down according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Decisions to clean and sanitise the UHT equipment, in conjunction with other equipment, are based on standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Decisions refer to:
  • Full wash,
  • Intermediate washing and sanitising cycles.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The equipment is cleaned and sanitised according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Quality assurance parameters for cleaning and sanitising are monitored and controlled according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Parameters to be monitored and controlled include:
  • Temperatures,
  • Flow rates,
  • Concentrations of cleaning agents.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Cleaning and sanitising materials are handled according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Cleaning equipment and materials are stored in designated areas according to work-site requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Waste from the cleaning process is handled and disposed of according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. Records are kept according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    9. All the symptoms and possible causes of all faults, or potential faults, that occur during the equipment shut down, cleaning and sanitising are identified and corrective actions are taken within scope of work. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    10. The equipment is left clean and ready for re-use in the designated area. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
    11. The work area is left in a safe and clean condition. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of manufacturing a UHT product. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and solving problems during start up, operation and shut down of UHT processing equipment.

    Evident in the following specific outcomes:
  • Prepare to manufacture a UHT product.
  • Manufacture a UHT product prior to packaging.
  • Perform end of manufacturing procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Synchronising UHT processing with other manufacturing actions or processes.

    Evident in the following specific outcome:
  • Manufacture a UHT product prior to packaging. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Preparing for UHT processing.

    Evident in the following specific outcome:
  • Prepare to manufacture a UHT product. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Evaluating the efficiency of UHT processing.

    Evident in the following specific outcome:
  • Manufacture a UHT product prior to packaging. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Monitoring and recording the UHT processing process.

    Evident in the following specific outcomes:
  • Manufacture a UHT product prior to packaging.
  • Perform end of manufacturing procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Cleaning and sanitising the equipment,
  • Storing cleaning and sanitising equipment and materials,
  • Disposing of waste from the cleaning process,
  • Demonstrating knowledge of UHT processing.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation by:
  • Solving problems within scope of work.

    Evident in the following specific outcomes:
  • Prepare to manufacture a UHT product.
  • Manufacture a UHT product prior to packaging.
  • Perform end of manufacturing procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 123310, which is "Manufacture a UHT food product", Level 4, 20 credits.

    Supplementary Information:

    1. Industry specific requirements:

    2. Legal requirements:

    The following acts and/or codes, current and future regulations and amendments will be applicable:
  • Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, No. 54 of 1972,
  • Health Act, No 63 of 1977,
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993,
  • SABS Food Hygiene Management Code 49: 1989.

    3. Definition of terms within this unit standard:

    Terminology and clarification/ explanation/ definition.

    Standard operating procedures:
    Refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal and food safety procedures, good manufacturing practices, best practices, applicable legislation, time frames, recipes and specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  20508   National Certificate Food and Beverages Processing: Soft Drinks Processing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Elective  20518   National Certificate: Food and Beverage Manufacturing Technology: Liquid Long Life Dairy Products Technologist  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2006-04-20  Was FOODBEV until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.