SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of hazards associated with various anomalous conditions and the treatment thereof based on risk level 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
256858  Demonstrate an understanding of hazards associated with various anomalous conditions and the treatment thereof based on risk level 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people who are pursuing a career in Rock Engineering.

This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of hazards associated with various anomalous conditions and the treatment thereof in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable and informed workers.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate understanding of anomalous conditions.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of hazards found under various anomalous conditions.
  • Demonstrate understanding of systems that calculate risks.
  • Demonstrate understanding of varying levels of remedial action based on risk level.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the need to record and report the risk levels and remedial action. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Communication and Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate understanding of anomalous mining conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The existence of mine standards to address risks associated with normal mining conditions is explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The identification of mine-specific anomalous conditions is explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Complex or unusual geology.
  • Detrimental stress levels.
  • Non-standard mining layouts.
  • Non-standard mining sequences.
  • Unusual closure rates.
  • Presence of ground water.
  • Detrimental seismic patterns.
  • Unusual support requirements.
  • Limited access.
  • Non-standard pillar layouts.
  • Non-standard panel spans.
  • Non-standard support practices.
  • Absence of support.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The consequences of not identifying anomalous mining conditions are explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of hazards found under various anomalous conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The presence of different rock-related hazards in different ground control districts is explained in the context of mining operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Rock-related hazards are listed and explained for mine-specific anomalous mining conditions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Complex or unusual geology.
  • Detrimental stress levels.
  • Non-standard mining layouts.
  • Non-standard mining sequences.
  • Unusual closure rates.
  • Presence of ground water.
  • Detrimental seismic patterns.
  • Unusual support requirements.
  • Limited access.
  • Non-standard pillar layouts.
  • Non-standard panel spans.
  • Non-standard support practices.
  • Absence of support.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate understanding of risk calculation systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of an objective risk calculation system is explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Input parameters are listed and explained in terms of a mine specific risk calculation system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Weightings allocated to hazards in the mine-specific risk calculation system, are explained in terms of the calculation of risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The importance of back analyses of risk calculations is explained in terms of achieving acceptable risk standards. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate understanding of varying levels of remedial action based on calculated risk levels. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The options available to address risk are listed and explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Treat.
  • Tolerate.
  • Terminate.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The concept of remedial action to treat or terminate risk is explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The intensity level of remedial action required to treat or terminate various risk levels is explained based on a mine-specific risk calculation system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The consequences of not amending remedial measures as risk levels change, are explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate understanding of the need to record and report the risk levels and remedial action. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of documenting risk ratings, risk calculations and remedial action is explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Legal requirements.
  • Reference purposes.
  • Back analyses purposes.
  • Communication purposes.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The consequences of not reporting risk levels and remedial action to the responsible personnel are explained in terms of legal and operational requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Knowledge and understanding that the assessor will evaluate:
  • Anomalous mining conditions.
  • Hazards found under various anomalous conditions.
  • Risk calculation systems.
  • Varying levels of remedial action based on calculated risk levels.
  • The need to record and report the risk levels and remedial action.

    Causes and effects (Occupational Health and Safety):
  • Adherence to occupational health and safety requirements.
  • Work related hazards and associated risks.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies and standards:
  • Occupational Health, Safety and environmental legislation and regulations.
  • Quality policies, standards and agreements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note: The ability of the learner to involve team members in the discussion of risk levels and appropriate remedial action. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note: The ability of the learner to understand that the safety of other personnel is affected by the responsible and effective allocation of risk levels and appropriate remedial actions. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note: The ability of the learner to critically evaluate mining conditions and associated risk levels. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note: The ability of the learner to communicate hazards, risk levels and remedial action. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note: The use of risk assessment theory and computer-aided software to list, rate and calculate risk levels. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified Requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts, e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives/Instructions.
  • Guidelines issued by the Chief Inspector of Mines.

    Site-specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • Managerial Instructions.
  • Mine Standard Procedures.
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
  • Working Guides.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  62796   Further Education and Training Certificate: Strata Control Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.