SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Achieve and maintain mining excavation stability with tendon support installation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
253014  Achieve and maintain mining excavation stability with tendon support installation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people who are pursuing a career in Rock Engineering.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of tendon support installation to achieve excavation stability.
  • Prepare for tendon support installation.
  • Install tendon support.
  • Conduct a post installation procedure on tendon support.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector.

    This unit standard is intended to promote general skills and understanding of the interaction between rock strength, stress and fracturing in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable and informed workers. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in the following:
  • The outcomes associated with the National Introductory Certificate to Mining and Minerals (NQF Level 1). 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of tendon support installation to achieve excavation stability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The entry and watering down procedures are described in line with legal and mine-specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Hazardous conditions in terms of the means for recognition and actions for correction are explained in line with legal and mine-specific requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Heat.
  • Dust.
  • Ventilation.
  • Ground conditions.
  • Harmful gases.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Mine specific tendon support is described in terms of types, application and installation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Types of tendons.
  • Density of installation/spacing.
  • Excavations where tendons are installed.
  • Installation method for tendons.
  • Grout/resin type and installation method.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Tendon support installation is explained in terms of ensuring a safe production environment mine specific environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Tunnels/drives/roadways.
  • Stopes/panels/bords.
  • Gullies/access ways.
  • High walls/slopes.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Hazards and risks pertaining to tendon installation are identified and explained with reference to team health and safety and environmental impact. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The appropriate preventive measures of dealing with hazards and risks are described in accordance with legal and mine-specific requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for tendon support installation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The required personal protective equipment is selected, examined and used in a way that is consistent with its purpose and design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    All tools, material and equipment required for support installation are selected, examined and ensured to be ready for use in accordance with manufacturer's specifications and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The transportation of tools, material and equipment is conducted in accordance with legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The work site is examined for substandard conditions and hazards in terms of the hazard identification and risk management procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Identified hazards and risks are dealt with in accordance with legal requirements and in terms of the relevant procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The hazards involved with inadequate preparation to install tendon support are described in terms of the potential effect on safety, health, equipment and production. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Install tendon support. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The temporary support positions are marked off in accordance with operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The installation procedure for temporary support is conducted according to legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The tendon support positions are marked off in accordance with legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The installation of the tendon support is conducted according to legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The hazards involved with inadequate or incorrect tendon support installation are described in terms of the potential effect on safety, health, equipment and production. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Conduct a post installation procedure on tendon support. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Quality control inspections are performed according to legal and operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Spacing.
  • Failure.
  • Pre-stressing/tensioning.
  • Re-tensioning.
  • Grouting.
  • Replacement of damaged units.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Defective tools and equipment are dealt with according to legal and operational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Good housekeeping is practiced according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The consequences of deviating from the relevant requirements are described in terms of the potential effect on safety, health, equipment and production. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following essential embedded will be assessed in an integrated manner in the context of the unit standard.

    Knowledge relating to achieving and maintaining excavation stability with tendon support installation:
  • Entry and watering down procedures.
  • Recognition of hazardous conditions.
  • Mine specific tendon support.
  • The purpose of the tendon support installation.

    Processes and events:
  • Preparation.
  • Work site examination.
  • Mark off temporary support positions.
  • Conduct temporary support installation.
  • Mark off tendon support positions.
  • Install tendon support.

    Causes and effects (Safety and Health):
  • Use of equipment.
  • Use of personal protective equipment.
  • Adherence to safety requirements.
  • Work related hazards and associated risks.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Quality control inspections.
  • Good housekeeping.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies and standards:
  • Safety, health and environmental legislation and regulations.
  • Quality policies, standards and agreements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to identify hazards and achieve and maintain mining stability with tendons. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note:
  • The ability and willingness of the learner to accept and interpret work instructions correctly and to request assistance with tendon support installation in an appropriate manner as a member of the larger organisational structure. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note:
  • The preparation for tendon support installation must indicate that the learner can organise and manage activities in his/her work environment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note:
  • The ability to recognise changing ground conditions and has knowledge of the appropriate action to take. The learner must be able to interpret and apply mine standards. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note:
  • The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazardous and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note:
  • The use of mechanised equipment as well as consideration of a variety of tendon types indicates effective use of science and technology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to identify hazardous conditions. The effect of non-compliance and deviation from mine standards will indicate his/her proficiency in understanding that a specific action or decision taken has more than one effect. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified Requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant Standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives.

    Site-Specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • Managerial Instructions.
  • Mine Standard Procedures.
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
  • Working Guides.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications.

    Unit Standard Justification:

    Level:

    Attribute; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; Level 2; Moderate in range.
  • Procedures; Level 2; Established and familiar.
  • Context; Level 3; Range of familiar.
  • Knowledge; Level 2; Basic operational.
  • Information processing; Level 2; Basic processing of readily available information.
  • Problem Solving; Level 3; A range of known responses to familiar problems, base on limited discretion and judgement.
  • Orientation of activities; Level 2; Directed.
  • Application of responsibility; Level 2; Some responsibility for quantity and quality, and possible responsibility for guiding others.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility; Level 2; Under general supervision and quality control.

    Average Level: = 20/9 = 2.22.
    Actual Level Assigned: = 2.

    Credits:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity; Hours:
  • Classroom Teaching; 8 Hours.
  • On-The-Job Training; 24 Hours.
  • Mentoring required; 0 Hours.
  • Other (Specify); 0 Hours.

    Total = 32 Hours.

    Credits Achieved: = 32/10 = 3.2.
    Credits Assigned: = 3. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  59549   National Certificate: Strata Control Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Adcorp Technical Training 
    2. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    3. KHUTALA COLLIERY 
    4. MESSINA PLATINUM MINES 
    5. Palabora Copper Pty Ltd 
    6. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    7. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 
    8. XTRACT TRAINING SERVICES (PTY) LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.