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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of quality principles used in the manufacturing of pulp and paper hygiene products 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
246606  Demonstrate an understanding of quality principles used in the manufacturing of pulp and paper hygiene products 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who demonstrate competence as described in the outcomes of this unit standard will be able to demonstrate a broad understanding of quality principles used in the manufacturing of pulp and paper hygiene products.

The qualifying learner is able to:
  • Define the terms Quality, Quality Assurance, Quality Control and Quality Management.
  • Explain the requirements and processes used to ensure effective Quality Control.
  • Describe the factors that affect product quality.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control.

    This will ensure that the understanding and knowledge of quality principles used in pulp and paper hygiene products is performed in accordance with procedures and accepted work practices. This competence will enhance the learner's employability and career options in all occupations where this knowledge is needed. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Description of required skills:
  • This unit standard has been designed as an introduction to the understanding of quality principles used in the manufacturing of pulp and paper hygiene products.

    Literacy and mathematical literacy:
  • Persons attempting this unit standard are required to read, understand and interpret textbooks of a technical nature. It is therefore recommended that they have achieved NQF Level 1 or equivalent accreditation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The context of this unit standard includes any environment provided for specific outcomes and assessment criteria as needed.

    The level assigned to this unit standard is appropriate because the process requires a wide range of technical skills and offers a considerable choice of procedures. A broad knowledge base incorporating some theoretical concepts, analytical interpretation of information, informed judgment and a range of sometime innovative responses to concrete but often unfamiliar problems are employed. The application of this unit standard is to qualify the person for certification in advanced trade and technical occupations. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Define the terms Quality, Quality Assurance, Quality Control and Quality Management. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Quality control includes adequate facilities, trained staff, sampling and testing materials, status and product labelling, documentation, validation, calibration, stability trials.
  • Workplace requirements include site specific requirements and standard operating procedures. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Quality is defined in the context of the individual's working environment and in terms of industry norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Quality assurance is explained in terms of workplace requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Quality control is explained in terms of workplace requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Quality management is explained in terms of workplace requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the requirements and processes used to ensure effective Quality Control. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Includes, but is not limited to adequate facilities, trained staff, sampling and testing materials, status and product labelling, documentation, validation, calibration and stability trials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Products being produced are identified in terms of own workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The applicable product specifications and quality standards are identified and interpreted in accordance with site requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Quality control requirements are identified and applied in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The reporting procedures are described and carried out in accordance with workplace requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the factors that affect product quality. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The following are included in the quality activities:
  • Ingredients/material used, correct quantities, purity/contamination, processing, packaging, storage and distribution, handling. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The criteria that quality materials are measured against are explained in terms of own workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The impact of material on product quality is explained in accordance with industry norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The impact of equipment and equipment operation on quality is explained with reference to workplace operating standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The impact of the specifications to be complied with is explained with reference to own workplace. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Quality in the context of the customer includes what the customer expects from a quality product. Customers include both internal and external customers. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Consequences affecting the internal customer are identified and explained with reference to production efficiency. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Consequences affecting the external customer are identified and explained with reference to delivery, cost and customer satisfaction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Consequences affecting the organisation are identified and explained with reference to productivity, cost and environmental consequences. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Consequences affecting the individual and colleagues are identified and explained in terms of team work and morale. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Consequences affecting the community are identified and environmental and financial impact in the short and long term are explained in terms of own workplace and the pulp and paper industry. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 2 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of validations and verification activities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The qualifying learner understands and can:
  • Define the terms Quality, Quality Assurance, Quality Control and Quality Management.
  • Explain the requirements and processes used to ensure effective Quality Control.
  • Describe the factors that affect product quality.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Describing the factors that affect product quality.
  • Understanding the consequences of poor quality control.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome/s:
  • Describe the factors that affect product quality.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Define the terms Quality Assurance, Quality Control and Quality Management.
  • Work according to quality principles.
  • Apply quality management system requirements to his/her work.
  • Correct problems to improve quality.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome/s:
  • Define the terms Quality, Quality Assurance, Quality Control and Quality Management.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information when:
  • Explaining the requirements and processes used to ensure effective quality control.
  • Demonstrating an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome/s:
  • Describe the factors that affect product quality.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by:
  • Identifying and understanding the importance of quality in the workplace.
  • Working according to quality principles.
  • Applying quality management system requirements to his/her work.
  • Correcting problems to improve quality.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large by:
  • Understanding the role of quality in a manufacturing environment and the effect it has on the growth and development of the organisation, its customers and employees.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome/s:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the consequences of poor quality control. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Application:

    This unit standard may also find application within:
  • NSB 01: Agricultural and nature conservation.

    Supplementary Information:

    Terms and Definitions:
  • Standard operating procedures: The documented practice(s) defining the who, what, and when of quality activities. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  59017   National Certificate: Tissue Conversion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.