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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand the development and mechanisms of the acoustic piano 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243304  Understand the development and mechanisms of the acoustic piano 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Piano Restoration and Tuning 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 02 - Culture and Arts Music 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard forms part of the qualification National Certificate: Piano Restoration, NQF Level 2. This Unit Standard will serve to introduce the learner to the Piano Industry. It will equip the learner with a basic understanding of the historical development of the modern acoustic piano (Grand Piano or Upright Piano). Furthermore, a basic knowledge of the various types of pianos and their parts will be gleaned. The foundational knowledge of the materials and tools used to restore and repair modern acoustic pianos is also covered in this Unit Standard.

Learners accredited with this Unit Standard will be capable of:
  • Describing the historical development of the modern acoustic piano.
  • Defining industry terms and describing types of acoustic pianos.
  • Explaining the functions of the parts of the acoustic piano.
  • Identifying the materials used to restore and repair acoustic pianos. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that a learner will be competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 1 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1 or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the historical development of the modern acoustic piano. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Acoustic pianos include: Grand piano and Upright piano. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The origins of the modern acoustic piano are described as outlined in references recommended by the South African Association for Piano Tuners. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The development of the modern acoustic piano is briefly described as presented by the South African Association for Piano Tuners. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The categories of classical musical instruments are identified with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Categories of classical musical instruments include, but is not limited to: percussion, woodwind, and string.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Define industry terms and describe types of acoustic pianos. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Common industry terms are defined according the South African piano industry. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Terms include, but is not limited to: chronology, chipping, note, pitch, tone, acoustics, action, interval, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Grand pianos are identified using examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Grand pianos includes, but is not limited to: simplex, roller action.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Upright pianos are identified using examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Upright pianos includes, but is not limited to: over damper, under damper, drop action, over strung, straight strung.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Distinguish between wooden and caste-iron framed pianos using examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the function of the parts of the acoustic piano. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The internal and external parts of a Grand piano are identified using a diagram. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The internal and external parts of an upright piano are identified using a diagram. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The function of the internal and external parts of a grand piano is explained as outlined by the South African Association for Piano Tuners. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The function of the internal and external parts of an upright piano is explained as outlined by the South African Association for Piano Tuners. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Identify the materials and tools used to restore and repair acoustic pianos. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The types of finishes used on modern acoustic pianos is described according to the piano industry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The materials used for parts of the acoustic piano are identified according to the piano industry. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Materials includes, but is not limited to: wood, metal, felt, leather, plastic and ivory.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Piano tools are identified using the Piano industry terms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Woodworking tools commonly used are identified using the Piano industry terms. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • External Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The accredited Training Provider will oversee internal moderation of assessment.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of the integrated competence described in this Unit Standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • History of the modern acoustic piano.
  • Parts of the modern acoustic piano.
  • Definitions of industry terms.
  • Functions of piano parts.
  • Tools and materials used in the Piano industry. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems associated with demonstrating an elementary knowledge of the modern acoustic piano using responsible decision-making and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a work team to repair and restore acoustic pianos. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to repair and restore acoustic pianos. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using appropriate modes of oral and/or written persuasion in the provision of repair and restoration of acoustic pianos. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world, as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving occurs in a variety of contexts in the piano industry. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
  • Assessors must be registered with a relevant ETQA or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessors must be in possession of a Qualification related to Acoustic Piano Restoration and Tuning or a related sub-field of Culture and Arts at a minimum of NQF Level 3. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  65510   National Certificate: Piano Restoration  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Core  58010   National Certificate: Piano Restoration  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-04-08  Was CATHSSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.