SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Draw and interpret simple plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawings 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243075  Draw and interpret simple plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawings 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Welding 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard are required by people in the field of engineering.

The learning outcomes in this unit standard also contribute to the exit level outcomes required for various NQF level 2 engineering qualifications.

Qualifying learners are able to demonstrate basic construction methods and techniques of drawings and development; can read and interpret basic plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawings; able to select components to be fabricated or assembled; produce freehand sketches and basic structural drawings using isometric and orthographic projection techniques, including hidden detail and single plane sectional views. Drawings are limited to single components. These components may include forms and shapes of, pyramids, cylinders, cones, rectangular containers, support frames and holding devices. All drawings produced must meet the national and/or international codes of drawing office practice. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard has been designed as the start of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for competency in plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawings. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The scope and level of this unit standard is determined by the ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes. However, a generic approach to assessment of these outcomes may be applied as follows:

Drawing concepts and construction methods and techniques include:

The scope and level of this unit standard is determined by the ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes. However, a generic approach to assessment of these outcomes may be applied as follows:

Drawing concepts and construction methods and techniques include:
  • Plate, pipe and structural steel drawing concepts and terminology.
  • Application of various drawing instruments.
  • Concepts of basic geometry and unit of measurement.
  • Use of scale drawings.
  • Line types.
  • Projections (First and third angle orthographic).
  • Dimensioning.
  • Construction of ellipse, polygon and triangle.
  • Planning and layout of drawings.
  • Isometric drawing technique.

    Applicable code of drawing office practice:
  • South African Bureau of Standards (SABS standards).
  • International codes of practice, where applicable.

    All work is performed under supervision so that the learner's formative development should be monitored and recorded. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate methods of construction to produce basic plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawings and sketches. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Drawing concepts and construction methods and techniques include:
  • Plate, pipe and structural steel drawing concepts and terminology.
  • Application of various drawing instruments.
  • Concepts of basic geometry and unit of measurement.
  • Use of scale drawings.
  • Line types.
  • Projections (First and third angle orthographic).
  • Dimensioning.
  • Construction of ellipse, polygon and triangle.
  • Planning and layout of drawings.
  • Technique for producing freehand sketches.
  • Isometric drawing method and technique.

    Applicable code of drawing office practice:
  • SABS standards (national).
  • International standards (where applicable). 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose and importance of plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawing construction is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Basic construction methods and the correct use of drawing instruments are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Construction methods conform to code of drawing office practice. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Draw and interpret basic plate, pipe and structural steel engineering projections. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    The aim of this outcome is to fulfil the didactic requirements of this learning unit, viz: by introducing the ability to produce projections of the following shapes and forms:
  • Circular and hexagonal prisms.
  • Cone sections - parabola, hyperbola and ellipse.
  • Cone - side view.
  • Pyramid.

    This outcome may be achieved by drawing a side view, front view or plan of a solid or pipe, which has a line indicating the position it has been cut through. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The ability to interpret and produce the projection of is demonstrated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Projection drawings include:
  • Circular and hexagonal prisms.
  • Cone and cone-sections.
  • Pyramids.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The front view, side view and plan is interpreted from sample. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Projections include:
  • First angle and third angle projections.
  • Ability to interpret hidden detail.
  • Single plane sectional views.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Lines, points, numbering method and construction techniques are demonstrated according to a standard code of drawing office practice. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Interpret and draw a development using the parallel-line method. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    This outcome may be integrated with a learning unit associated with the fabrication of templates or components. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The parallel-line method of development may include the following:
  • Pipe development
  • Hexagonal and circular pipe
  • Right Y-piece
  • Oblique pipe
  • Square pipe and rectangular pipe elbow
  • Ninety degree and oblique T-piece 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Techniques for the development of pre-fabricated components for plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawing a re demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Calculations for the determining of material requirements are determined according to drawing specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Lines, points, numbering method and construction techniques are demonstrated according to a standard code of drawing office practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The parallel-line method of development may include the following:
  • Pipe development
  • Hexagonal and circular pipe
  • Right Y-piece
  • Oblique pipe
  • Square pipe and rectangular pipe elbow
  • Ninety degree and oblique T-piece
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Interpret and draw a development using the radial-line method. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    This outcome may be integrated with a learning unit associated with the fabrication of templates or components. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The radial-line method of development may include the following:
  • Right and oblique cone.
  • Common central sphere.
  • Right pyramid.
  • Conical T-junction. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The radial-line method for the development of pre-fabricated components for plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawing is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Lines, points, numbering method and construction techniques are demonstrated according to a standard code of drawing office practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Calculations for the determining of material requirements are determined according to drawing specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Interpret and draw a development using triangulation. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    This outcome may be integrated with a learning unit associated with the fabrication of templates or components. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The triangulation method of development may include the following:
  • Square to round.
  • Square to square. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The triangulation method for the development of pre-fabricated components for plate, pipe and structural steel plate, pipe and structural steel drawing is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Lines, points, numbering method and construction techniques are demonstrated according to a standard code of drawing office practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Calculations for the determining of material requirements are determined according to drawing specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Interpret and draw isometric pipe drawings. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    This outcome may be integrated with a learning unit associated with the fabrication and/or maintenance of pipe systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Isometric pipe drawings are interpreted and discussed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Interpretation and discussion may include:
  • Evaluation of an existing drawing.
  • Tracing and locating pipelines and components.
  • Compilation of a material list/s.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Isometric pipe drawings are produced. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Production of isometric pipe drawings may include:
  • Dimensions transferred to drawing as per work instructions.
  • Applicable symbols and abbreviations used.
  • Isometric drawing produced as per work instructions and safety requirements.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Calculations for the determining of material requirements are determined according to drawing specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Lines, points, numbering method and construction techniques are demonstrated according to a standard code of drawing office practice. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the GMET Education and Training Quality Assuror who has jurisdiction over this field of learning.
  • The assessor should be accredited and have a technical qualification in this learning area.
  • Learners may be assessed in the language of their choice.
  • In the event of the need to report incidents or conditions to someone else, learners are to be assessed on the ability to report in the language commonly used within the working environment.
  • Although learners are to be assessed in the workplace, they may submit documents, projects, test results and assignments that were not produced in the workplace.
  • Learners may be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits, or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Names and functions of:

    > Material lists.
    > Engineering symbols, abbreviations, conventions (according to international drawing standards).
    > Geometrical constructions.
    > Welding symbols.
  • Purpose of:
    > Plate, pipe and structural steel drawings.
  • Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:

    > Implications of incorrectly interpreting a plate, pipe and structural steel drawing.
    > Implications of incorrectly producing an plate, pipe and structural steel drawing.
  • Procedures and techniques:
    > Drawing interpretation and sequence.
    > For 1st and 3rd angle orthographic projection (simple sectional views).
    > For isometric drawings.
    > For construction of geometrical shapes, e.g. polygons.
    > For oblique drawings.
    > For dimensioning and line types.
  • Theory: rules, principles, laws:

    > Units of measurement (conversion) and measurement scales.
    > Basic geometry.
    > Dimensioning.
  • Relationships, systems:
    > Relationship between plate, pipe and structural steel drawing and the manufacture of a product that meets customer specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Related to the interpretation of an plate, pipe and structural steel drawing. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • According to procedures, following regular, consistent methodical work patterns. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Interpret information contained in plate, pipe and structural steel drawings.
  • Make decisions based on information. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Record work done. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Relate appropriate theory to the interpretation of drawings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Understand and explain the relationship of the plate, pipe and structural steel drawing to the manufacturing process.
  • Explain the importance of correctly interpreting the plate, pipe and structural steel drawing. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessments at title level are unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, directness, authenticity, sufficiency, openness and consistency.

    This unit standard may be obtained through RPL. The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and support and guidance should be provided. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining a qualification. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58722   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  58720   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  59689   National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  57881   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    2. ArcelorMittal South Africa Ltd (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    3. Barloworld South Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Barloworld-Equipment (ISANDO) (T 
    4. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    5. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    6. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    7. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    8. Black Eagle Training (PIETERMARITZBURG) (TP) 
    9. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    10. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    11. CEBC Construction Engineering & Belting T/A CEBC - Welding School (DUR 
    12. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    13. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Umbumbulu Campus 
    14. College of Production Technology 
    15. Customised Training Specialists Trust T/A CTS (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    16. DMA Members Technical Training Centre (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    17. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    18. Eastcape Training Centre 
    19. Enstra Learning and Development Centre (Pty) Ltd (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    20. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    21. Further Education Trade Training 
    22. FVW Welding Academy(Johannesburg) (TP) 
    23. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Standerton Campus 
    24. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    25. Hibiscus Skills Training College (HILLCREST) (TP) 
    26. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    27. Hytec Group of Companies T/A Hytec (KEMPTON PARK) (TP) 
    28. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    29. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    30. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PORT ELIZABETH 
    31. ITHEMBA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 
    32. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    33. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    34. Lapace Training Centre (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    35. Lesedi Skills Academy (TP) 
    36. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    37. Masiqhame Trading 81 cc T/A Kim's Welding School (AUSTERVILLE) (TP) 
    38. MERSETA TRAINING PROVIDERS 
    39. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    40. MSC Artisan Academy (Pty) Ltd T/A Master Artisan Academy SA (EAST LOND 
    41. MT & HR Training Consultants (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    42. Mthetana Trading & Construction T/A Multi Skill Training Centre (DURBA 
    43. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    44. Northlink College - Wingfield Campus 
    45. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    46. PHATSIMA ENGINEERING TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT CC (Potchefstroom)(TP) 
    47. Port Elizabeth Draughting Academy & Trading cc T/A PE Draughting Acade 
    48. Rehoboth Welding Assessment & Training (JACBOS) (TP) 
    49. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    50. SAMSONS SCHOOL OF WELDING 
    51. Samsons School of Welding T/A Samsons Skills Development Institute (DU 
    52. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    53. Seasons Find 550 cc T/A Anthony's Welding Training Academy (MARBURG) ( 
    54. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    55. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    56. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    57. Shine The Way 281 cc T/A Industrial Training Centre (NEW GERMANY) (TP) 
    58. Shukela Training Centre 
    59. Siyazizwa Investment Holdings 8 (Pty) Ltd T/A SIH Training Expertise ( 
    60. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    61. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    62. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    63. Swift Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd (Killarney Gardens) TP 
    64. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 
    65. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    66. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    67. The Skills College for Development & Training cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    68. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    69. Tshwane South Public FET College - Odi Campus 
    70. Umfolozi FET College 
    71. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    72. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    73. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    74. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    75. Wavelength T.T.I 
    76. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    77. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    78. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.