SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Braze metals using the oxy-fuel brazing process 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243069  Braze metals using the oxy-fuel brazing process 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Welding 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
14691  Braze metals using the oxy-fuel gas welding process  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for a learner within the fabrication and welding fields. Learners credited with this unit standard are capable of brazing work pieces using the oxy-fuel gas welding equipment used in the industry in accordance with required brazing quality specifications and standards.

A person credited with this unit standard is capable of:
  • Describing the oxy-fuel brazing process.
  • Selecting, assembling and conducting pre-operational checks of oxy-fuel brazing equipment.
  • Preparing work pieces prior to brazing.
  • Brazing work piece.
  • Inspecting brazed work piece.

    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of any learner by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The knowledge, skills and understanding demonstrated in this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the fabrication and welding environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Communication and mathematical literacy at NQF Level 1.
  • Preparing work pieces for welding. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Scope:
  • Material type to be used: May be selected from the range of carbon steels (plate only), applicable to the material groups 1, 2, 3 or 11 [according to ISO (TR) 15608).
  • Material thickness: Minimum - 3mm.

    Context:
  • All work undertaken must comply with Occupational Health and Safety Act.
  • All work done must comply with worksite practices.
  • Under general supervision.

    Level (for level 2).

    A learning program leading to the award of this unit standard should develop learners who demonstrate:
  • Ability to carry out moderate tasks that is familiar.
  • Ability to offer a clear choice of routine responses.
  • Basic operational knowledge base as indicated in the embedded knowledge component and that are readily available.
  • An understanding of known solutions to familiar problems with little generation of new ideas.
  • Ability to work under direct supervision with some responsibility. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the oxy-fuel brazing process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of correct assembly of the oxy-fuel brazing equipment is explained with reference to the manufacturer requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The consequences of incorrect assembly are explained with reference to the manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Components of the oxy-fuel brazing equipment are identified and the explanation of function and purpose is correct in terms of manufacturer's requirements and standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Parts and components are correctly identified and the consequences for not testing for leaks are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Terms and definitions used are consistent with generally accepted brazing terminology as recorded in international standards. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare workpiece prior to brazing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Identification and selection of oxy-fuel brazing equipment as specified in manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Identification and rectification of hazards relate to brazing process in accordance with standard work site practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Pre-operational checks are carried out in accordance with manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources to include:
    > Manufacturer's specification, worksite practices, safety and environmental issues.

    Preparation should include:
  • Identification of tools and equipment required during the brazing process.
  • Assembly process.
  • Pre-operational checks.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare workpieces prior to brazing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Workpieces are identified and prepared prior to brazing as specified on drawing and worksite practices and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Dimensions and alignment checked as specified on drawing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Workpiece tacked in position as per drawing specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Safety precautions adhered to in accordance with OHS Act. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Inspect workpiece prior to complete brazing in accordance with drawing and work instructions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources include:
  • Worksite practices, tools, equipment, safety requirements and materials.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Braze workpiece. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Brazing filler material selected as specified according to worksite practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Workpiece brazed in position. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Flame used is compatible to type of material to be brazed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Safety precautions adhered to during brazing process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Workpiece cleaned after brazing in accordance with cleaning process specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Material type to be brazed:
  • Material type to be used: May be selected from the range of carbon steels (plate only), applicable to the material groups 1, 2, 3 or 11 [according to ISO (TR) 15608).
  • Material thickness: Minimum - 3mm.

    Resources include:
  • Brazing equipment, tools, protective clothing and equipment, works instruction and materials.

    Welding Positions:
  • Fillet and groove welding:
    > Flat.
    > Flat-rotated.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Inspect brazed workpiece. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    All residues, brazing flux removed as specified in cleaning procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Brazed workpiece conforms to specifications as reflected on drawing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Brazed workpiece conform to specifications as reflected on drawing. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Procedures include:
  • Worksite practices, inspection methods, and cleaning procedures.
  • Brazed joints acceptance criteria to be in accordance with a national and/or international brazing standard.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited in terms of the criteria laid down by the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Oxy-fuel brazing equipment.
  • Different types of gases.
  • Nozzles.
  • Personal protective equipment.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Characteristics of metals.
  • Types of fuel gases and gas pressures.
  • Common defects.
  • Hazards.
  • Properties of gases (oxygen, acetylene, propane, LPG).

    Sensory cues:
  • Smell indicating flammable gas leaks.

    Purpose of:
  • Oxy-fuel brazing.
  • Safety checks.
  • Quality checks.

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Implications of using incorrect gas.
  • Implications of using incorrect nozzles.
  • Implications of using incorrect gas pressure settings.
  • Implications of ignoring cutting defects.
  • Implications of not following correct light up and shutdown procedures.
  • Implications of not checking for gas leaks.
  • Implications of not preparing work piece before brazing.
  • Implications of not caring for equipment.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Set up procedures for gas brazing equipment.
  • Oxy-fuel gas brazing procedures.
  • Preparation of metals.
  • Safety procedures.
  • Safety procedures for brazing.
  • Quality procedures.
  • Recording and reporting procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Applicable brazing theory, relating to the properties of materials.
  • Safety principles governing use of gas brazing equipment.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship of the gas to the metals.
  • Relationship of pressure to nozzle size.
  • Relationship between brazing torch manipulation and quality of completed work.
  • Relationship between the thickness of the material and the size of the nozzle.
  • Relationship between the thickness of the material and the brazing process (mechanical or thermal). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Recognise problems while brazing metals and respond appropriately.
  • Recognise and correct defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work together with others:
  • Participate in efforts of workgroup. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job instructions and set up equipment appropriately. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Interpret information off job instructions and make decisions based on that information.
  • Identify cutting defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Provide feedback on outcome of work to appropriate personnel. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Understanding of fuel gas, flame settings and gas pressures and their effects on material. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Relationship between the process of brazing using oxy-fuel gas, the materials and the finished workpiece. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 14691, "Braze metals using the oxy-fuel gas welding process", Level 2, 10 credits.

    Notes to Assessor

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessments at title level are unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, directness, authenticity, sufficiency, openness and consistency.

    This unit standard may be obtained through RPL. The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and support and guidance should be provided. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining a qualification. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  57881   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  65129   National Certificate: Diesel Electric and Electric Fitting  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  59689   National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  58720   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    2. Barloworld South Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Barloworld-Equipment (ISANDO) (T 
    3. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    4. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    5. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    6. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    7. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    8. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    9. CEBC Construction Engineering & Belting T/A CEBC - Welding School (DUR 
    10. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    11. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Umbumbulu Campus 
    12. College of Production Technology 
    13. Customised Training Specialists Trust T/A CTS (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    14. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    15. Eastcape Training Centre 
    16. Enstra Learning and Development Centre (Pty) Ltd (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    17. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    18. Further Education Trade Training 
    19. FVW Welding Academy(Johannesburg) (TP) 
    20. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Standerton Campus 
    21. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    22. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    23. Hytec Group of Companies T/A Hytec (KEMPTON PARK) (TP) 
    24. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    25. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    26. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PORT ELIZABETH 
    27. ITHEMBA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 
    28. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    29. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    30. Lapace Training Centre (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    31. Lesedi Skills Academy (TP) 
    32. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    33. Masiqhame Trading 81 cc T/A Kim's Welding School (AUSTERVILLE) (TP) 
    34. MERSETA TRAINING PROVIDERS 
    35. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    36. MSC Artisan Academy (Pty) Ltd T/A Master Artisan Academy SA (EAST LOND 
    37. MT & HR Training Consultants (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    38. Mthetana Trading & Construction T/A Multi Skill Training Centre (DURBA 
    39. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    40. Northlink College - Wingfield Campus 
    41. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    42. PHATSIMA ENGINEERING TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT CC (Potchefstroom)(TP) 
    43. Rehoboth Welding Assessment & Training (JACBOS) (TP) 
    44. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    45. SAMSONS SCHOOL OF WELDING 
    46. Samsons School of Welding T/A Samsons Skills Development Institute (DU 
    47. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    48. Seasons Find 550 cc T/A Anthony's Welding Training Academy (MARBURG) ( 
    49. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    50. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    51. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    52. Shine The Way 281 cc T/A Industrial Training Centre (NEW GERMANY) (TP) 
    53. Shukela Training Centre 
    54. Skills for All (POTCHEFSTROOM) (TP) 
    55. Skills Priority 
    56. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    57. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    58. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    59. Swift Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd (Killarney Gardens) TP 
    60. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 
    61. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    62. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    63. The Skills College for Development & Training cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    64. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    65. Tshwane South Public FET College - Odi Campus 
    66. Umfolozi FET College 
    67. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    68. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    69. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    70. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    71. Wavelength T.T.I 
    72. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    73. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    74. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.