SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Weld carbon steel workpieces using the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243056  Weld carbon steel workpieces using the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Welding 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02  16 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
12254  Weld workpieces with the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions  Level 4  NQF Level 04  25  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for a learner within the fabrication and welding fields.

A person credited with this unit standard is capable of:
  • Describing the shielded metal arc welding process.
  • Selecting, setting up and conducting pre-operational checks of shielded metal arc welding equipment.
  • Preparing workpieces prior to welding.
  • Welding workpieces.
  • Inspecting welded work piece for defects in compliance with drawing specifications.
  • Caring for and storing welding consumables and equipment.

    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of any learner by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The knowledge, skills and understanding demonstrated in this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the fabrication and welding environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    National Certificate in Welding Application and Practice NQF level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Scope:
  • Material type to be selected from the range of carbon steels (plate only), applicable to the material groups 1, 2, 3 or 11 [according to ISO (TR) 15608).
  • Material thickness: Mininum - 1.6 mm.

    Context:
  • All work undertaken must comply with Occupational Health and Safety Act.
  • All work done must comply with worksite practices.
  • All work done under consistent supervision.

    Level:

    Level (for level 2)

    A learning programme leading to the award of this unit standard should develop learners who demonstrate:
  • Ability to carry out moderate tasks that are familiar.
  • Ability to offer a clear choice of routine responses.
  • Basic operational knowledge base as indicated in the embedded knowledge component and that are readily available.
  • An understanding of known solutions to familiar problems with little generation of new ideas.
  • Ability to work under direct supervision with some responsibility. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe and assemble the shielded metal arc welding equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of correct assembly of the shielded metal arc welding equipment, and the consequences of incorrect assembly, is explained with reference to the manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Basic and major components of the shielded metal arc welding equipment are identified and the explanation of function and purpose is correct in terms of manufacturer's requirements and standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Parts and components correctly identified and the implications for incorrect identification explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Terms and definitions used are consistent with generally accepted welding terminology as recorded in international welding standards. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Parts include: Suitable power source, earth clamp, electrode holder and welding cable.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Select, assemble and conduct pre operational checks of shielded metal arc welding equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Verification, identification and selection of shielded metal arc welding equipment as specified per job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Identification and rectification of hazards relate to welding process in accordance with standard work site practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Pre operational checks are carried out in accordance with manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A safe worksite is created to prevent damage to equipment and injury to people. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources to include: manufacturer's operational and specifications manual, worksite practices and safety and environmental issues.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare workpieces prior to welding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Workpieces prepared prior to welding as specified on drawing and worksite practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Dimensions and alignment checked as specified on drawing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Safety precautions adhered to. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Inspect workpiece prior to welding. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources include: Tools, equipment, safety requirements in relation to job requirements.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Weld workpieces. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Despite the minimum material thickness as specified in the range statement, learners have to display sufficient competency to prepare the groove prior to welding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Welding parameters are established to satisfy job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Welding consumables selected and used as per job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Workpiece welded in position as per job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    All positions (vertical, horizontal, over-head, down hand).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Safety precaution adhered to during welding process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Workpiece cleaned after welding as per worksite practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Potential causes for weld defect/imperfections are identified prior to welding and action taken meets job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Heat input, electrode manipulation, electrode size, joint preparation, welding technique, consumable handling.
  • Heat input, electrode size, joint preparation, welding technique, consumable handling.
  • Resources include: Welding equipment, tools, protective clothing and equipment, welding procedure specification, materials as specified on drawings and weld filler material.

    Scope:
  • Material type to be used: May be selected from the range of carbon steels (plate only), applicable to the material groups 1, 2, 3 or 11 [according to ISO (TR) 15608).
  • Material thickness: Minimum - 1,6mm.

    Welding positions include:

    Fillet welding:
  • Flat/Horizontal.
  • Vertical.
  • Overhead.

    Groove welding:
  • Flat/Horizontal.
  • Vertical.
  • Overhead.

    Welding consumables as specified in the welding procedure specification where applicables.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Inspect welded work piece. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    All welding slag and spatter removed as specified in cleaning procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Welded workpiece conforms to specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Inspection methods and procedures selected are conducive to specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Documentation completed as reflected in worksite practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Procedures include:
  • Worksite practices, inspection methods, and cleaning procedures.
  • Welded joints acceptance criteria to be in accordance with national and/or international welding standards.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Care for and store welding consumables and equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools and equipment cared for as per worksite practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment stored to conform to worksite practices and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Welding consumables stored in accordance with worksite practices and procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tools and equipment cared for is limited to defect reporting and storage in usable condition for next user.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited in terms of the criteria laid down by the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names & functions of:
  • Equipment.
  • Welding consumables, as stipulated in the welding procedure specification, where applicable.
  • Welding consumables (misuse; mishandling; baking procedures).
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Various groupings of metals.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Properties and grouping of different steels.
  • Common defects.
  • Metals and their properties.
  • Types of consumables (metal-cored/outer-shield; cored-wire/inner-shield; etc.).
  • Types of defects and hazards.
  • Types of joints.
  • Weld-ability of different types of steels.
  • Shrinkage, residual stress, distortion.

    Sensory cues:
  • Smell indicating overheating equipment.
  • Observing, listening during welding operations.

    Purpose of:
  • Shielded metal arc welding.
  • Safety checks.
  • Reporting incidents and conditions.
  • Checking completed weld.

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Causes of hazards and responses to them.
  • Causes of defects and responses to them.
  • Overview of fusion welding processes.
  • Implications of not preparing workpiece before welding.
  • Shrinkage, residual stress, distortion.
  • Baking procedure.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • For eliminating, isolating or minimising welding hazards.
  • Procedures for preparing materials before welding.
  • Safety procedures.
  • Quality procedures.
  • Recording and reporting procedures.
  • Maintenance procedures.
  • Inspection and testing.
  • Storage procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Health and Safety.
  • Safe working in the fabrication shop.
  • National and international standards related to the inspection of completed work.
  • International standard for the grouping of metals.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Applicable to properties of materials.
  • Weldability of steels.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship between grades, section thickness and mechanical properties of steel and welding parameters.
  • Relationship of the mechanical properties of welded joints with carbon content and cooling rate following welding. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Recognise problems of equipment and process while welding and respond appropriately.
  • Defects are recognised and corrected.
  • Hazards are recognised and preventative action taken. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work together with others:
  • Contribute to workgroup efforts. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job instructions and set up equipment appropriately. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Visually examine and conduct tests on completed weld to control quality. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Record outcome of work.
  • Report outcome of work to appropriate personnel. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Properties of metals.
  • Electrical and mechanical principles.
  • Principles of expansion and contraction. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Explain the relationship between the physical properties and the weld ability of the material. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 12254, " Weld workpieces with the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions ", Level 4, 25 credits.

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessments at title level are unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, directness, authenticity, sufficiency, openness and consistency.

    This unit standard may be obtained through RPL. The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and support and guidance should be provided. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining a qualification. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  57886   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  58722   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  57881   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  58720   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    2. ArcelorMittal South Africa Ltd (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    3. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    4. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    5. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    6. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    7. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    8. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    9. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    10. DMA Members Technical Training Centre (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    11. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    12. Eastcape Training Centre 
    13. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    14. Further Education Trade Training 
    15. FVW Welding Academy(Johannesburg) (TP) 
    16. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Standerton Campus 
    17. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    18. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    19. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    20. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    21. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PORT ELIZABETH 
    22. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    23. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    24. Lapace Training Centre (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    25. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    26. Masiqhame Trading 81 cc T/A Kim's Welding School (AUSTERVILLE) (TP) 
    27. Mercedes Benz South Africa (Pty) Ltd (EAST LONDON) (TP) 
    28. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    29. MSC Artisan Academy (Pty) Ltd T/A Master Artisan Academy SA (EAST LOND 
    30. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    31. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    32. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    33. Rehoboth Welding Assessment & Training (JACBOS) (TP) 
    34. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    35. SAMSONS SCHOOL OF WELDING 
    36. Samsons School of Welding T/A Samsons Skills Development Institute (DU 
    37. Seasons Find 550 cc T/A Anthony's Welding Training Academy (MARBURG) ( 
    38. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    39. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    40. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    41. Skills for All (POTCHEFSTROOM) (TP) 
    42. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    43. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    44. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    45. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 
    46. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    47. Thabiso Skills Development 
    48. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    49. The Skills College for Development & Training cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    50. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    51. Tshwane South Public FET College - Odi Campus 
    52. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    53. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    54. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    55. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    56. Wavelength T.T.I 
    57. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    58. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    59. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.