SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Use labour intensive construction methods to construct, repair and maintain structures 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
15166  Use labour intensive construction methods to construct, repair and maintain structures 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Civil Engineering Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who are assessed as competent against this unit standard will be able to plan and set out for LIC structural works, understand and explain basic LIC methods, perform labour intensive structural, and appurtenant works, and perform LIC structural repair and maintenance works.

These competencies complement the generic technical and supervisory competencies and forms part of the Elective learning.

It contributes to the development of a professional community of Construction Supervisors.The contribution to The National Skills Development Strategy is the key developmental interface between learners and new competencies to be achieved.

It contributes to socio-economic transformation in that learners would be able to undergo RPL-assessment and thereby receive recognition for previous learning and experience.The employability and career prospects of learners can therefore be enhanced by this qualification. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
NQF level 3 Language and Mathematics competencies. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
1. Structures that may be constructed using Labour Intensive Methods include :
  • Dams and weirs, including earthfill, stone masonry and rollcrete dams.
  • Low level bridges and causeways.
  • Arch bridges.
  • Culverts.

    2. Structural Labour Intensive Construction activities include :
  • Stone masonry (random rubble masonry).
  • Reinforced concrete including shuttering and formwork.
  • Pipework.
  • Stone pitching (grouted and ungrouted).
  • Rip rap
  • Precast concrete elements.
  • "Armco" portal culverts.
  • A range of general activities involving the excavating of trenches in a variety of materials, loading, handling, hauling, unloading, spreading, placing, mixing, levelling, and compacting of various natural and manufactured construction materials.

    3. Setting out for structural works using LIC methods includes :
  • Straight lines.
  • Reference pegs.
  • Offsets
  • Horizontal curves.
  • Height and level.
  • Slope and gradient.
  • Vertical curves, and
  • Measurement.

    4. Basic LIC methods include :
  • Clearing and grubbing.
  • Stripping topsoil.
  • Excavation and trenching.
  • Shoring and bracing.
  • Steelfixing.
  • Shuttering.
  • Batching, transporting, placing, compacting, and curing of concrete.
  • Selection and transporting of rock.
  • Random rubble masonry walls and abutments.
  • Transportation of construction materials.
  • Placing of bedding and backfilling (around pipes as well as bulk backfilling).
  • Laying and jointing of culverts.
  • Watering, mixing, spreading and levelling of materials.
  • Compaction.
  • Measurement and
  • Implementation of quality process and acceptance control principles and methods

    5. Maintenance includes : routine, periodic, and preventative, as well as unscheduled and emergency maintenance. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan and set out for LIC structural works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. A works programme is developed for a LIC structural project. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Understand and explain basic LIC methods used in structural works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. LIC principles for structural activities are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Methods used in structural works are described according to established LI construction norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Principles and characteristics of natural materials used in structures are explained according to construction and testing principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. LIC quality control procedures are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform Labour intensive structural works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform Labour intensive structural appurtenant works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Appurtenant works activities are identified timeously and implemented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the appurtenant works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Perform Labour intensive structural repair and maintenance works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Maintenance interventions to structural works are identified and described according to LIC principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The recommendations of a maintenance management system are implemented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Productivity of maintenance activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Quantities are measured for completed maintenance works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Quality control LIC procedures are implemented for maintenance activities according to project specifications. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the CETA - ETQA for "The National Certificate in the Supervision of Construction Processes - Labour Intensive Construction".
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the CETA - ETQA.
  • CETA - ETQA, or other ETQA's who have a Memorandum of Understanding in place with CETA-ETQA, would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Labour Intensive Construction Principles, and methods pertaining to construction, repair, and maintenance of structural elements.
  • Terms and words used in structural works.
  • The concept of tasks and task norms.
  • LIC Compaction techniques and backfilling methods.
  • Measurement and payment of structural and appurtenant works according to specifications and pay items.
  • Temporary works involved in deviating or containing flows in rivers for dams and bridge construction. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC structural works.
  • Perform Labour intensive structural works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Team work.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC structural works.
  • Perform Labour intensive structural works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works.
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self organisation and management.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC structural works.
  • Perform Labour intensive structural works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works.
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms.
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods.
  • Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures.
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information evaluation.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC structural works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions.
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC structural project.
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC structural works.
  • Perform Labour intensive structural works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC structural project.
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use of science and technology.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC structural works.
  • Perform Labour intensive structural appurtenant works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures.
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter-relatedness of systems.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC structural works.
  • Perform Labour intensive structural appurtenant works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • Finishing activities are identified timeously and implemented. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Learner and societal development. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again.This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the above principles of assessment. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  65949   Further Education and Training Certificate: Supervision of Construction Processes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  23682   National Certificate: Supervision of Civil Engineering Construction Processes: Labour Intensive Construction  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2004-06-09  Was CETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  49053   National Certificate: Supervision of Construction Processes  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2018-06-30  CETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abakholwe Community Developers (Pty) Ltd 
    2. Academy for Construction Skills (Pty) Ltd (ACS) 
    3. Buna Construction And Projects 
    4. Buyisiwe Management Services 
    5. Construction Resource Development Centre 
    6. D and E Services Pty Ltd 
    7. DAMBUZA COMMUNITY TRUST 
    8. Dego Consultants 
    9. Eastcape Training Centre 
    10. Ergo-Maphelong Institute 
    11. Hlumanathi Trading PTY LTD 
    12. IMBAWULA CIVIL ENGINEERING ACADEMY 
    13. In Touch Community Development & Project Managers 
    14. IQHAYIYA COMMUNITY COLLEGE (Legacy) 
    15. IZWE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    16. Jot Tirelo 13 Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    17. Kagano Consulting Services 
    18. KWAZULU NATAL AVUXENI COMPUTER AND TRAINING CENTRE (PTY) LTD 
    19. Macsen Construction & Projects 
    20. Masana Social Consultants cc 
    21. MOKWEDI CIVIL AND PROJECTS (PTY) LTD 
    22. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    23. Mpilende Training and Technology Solutions 
    24. Mthoms Trading 
    25. MZANTSI TRUCK & BUS (Uitenhage) 
    26. NOLOSHA 
    27. Nomagwanishe Investments cc 
    28. NSINGWENI CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    29. Ntongenhle Construction Force 
    30. Pat Sesfikile Trading CC 
    31. PMA Holdings (PTY ) LTD. 
    32. Raubex Construction Pty (Ltd) 
    33. Realeboga Training Provider 
    34. SEDA Construction Incubator Trust 
    35. Sejamo Construction and Training 
    36. Sinethemba Visiwe PTY LTD 
    37. South African Value Education (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Thabomeleng 
    39. The Royal Dish CC 
    40. Thela Developments 
    41. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 
    42. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    43. TSK Projects 
    44. Ubucubu Home Industries 
    45. UTHUNGULU HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT 
    46. Zama Training & Developments 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.