SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Use labour intensive construction methods to construct and maintain water and sanitation services 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
15159  Use labour intensive construction methods to construct and maintain water and sanitation services 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Civil Engineering Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who are assessed as competent against this unit standard will be able to plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works, understand and explain basic LIC methods, Perform Labour intensive water, sanitation, and appurtenant works, and identify faults and perform LIC water and sanitation repair and maintenance works.

These competencies complement the generic technical and supervisory competencies and forms part of the Elective learning.

It contributes to the development of a professional community of Construction Supervisors. The contribution to The National Skills Development Strategy is the key developmental interface between learners and new competencies to be achieved.

It contributes to socio-economic transformation in that learners would be able to undergo RPL-assessment and thereby receive recognition for previous learning and experience. The employability and career prospects of learners can therefore be enhanced by this qualification. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
NQF level 3 Language and Mathematics competencies. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
1. Water and Sanitation Labour Intensive Construction activities include a broad spectrum of works involving the excavating of trenches in a variety of materials, laying and joining of water and sanitation pipes and fittings, loading, handling, hauling, unloading, spreading, placing, mixing, levelling, and compacting of various natural and manufactured construction materials.

2. Setting out for water and sanitation works using LIC methods includes :
  • Straight lines
  • Reference pegs
  • Offsets
  • Horizontal curves
  • Height and level
  • Slope and gradient
  • Vertical curves
  • Measurement

    3. Basic LIC methods include :
  • Clearing and grubbing
  • Stripping topsoil
  • Excavation and trenching
  • Shoring and bracing
  • Transportation of construction materials
  • Placing of bedding and backfilling (around pipes and fittings as well as bulk backfilling)
  • Laying and jointing of pipes and fittings
  • Watering, mixing, spreading and levelling of materials
  • Compaction
  • Measurement and
  • Implementation of quality process and acceptance control principles and methods

    4. Water and sanitation construction activities include :
  • Earthworks and trenching
  • Laying and jointing of pipes and fittings
  • Minor Concrete works
  • Anchor and thrust blocks
  • Stone masonry
  • Construction of manholes including benching, valve chambers, scour and air valve chambers, hydrants, meterboxes, rodding and inspection eyes, septic tanks, soak-aways, French drains, conservancy tanks, flushing tanks, etc
  • Finishing works such as stone pitching and erosion protection, fencing and landscaping/grassing, placing of markers.

    5. Maintenance includes : routine, periodic, and preventative, as well as unscheduled and emergency maintenance.
    6. Fittings include : tees, hydrant tees, bends, end caps, valves, reducers, compression fittings, couplings, repair couplings, junctions, channels, and both pressure and non-pressure joints, and flanged joints.
    7. Water, Sewer and drain pipes include : uPVC, HDPE, earthenware (Vitrified clay), and fibre reinforced cement.
    8. Trench excavations include for battering of side slopes in non-cohesive soils, and for shoring.
    9. Cleaning of sewer and drain pipes includes rodding, and jetting.
    10. Manholes include the use of concrete cast in-situ and precast, brick masonry, precast concrete rings, and prefabricated manholes. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. A works programme is developed for a LIC water and sanitation project. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Understand and explain basic LIC methods used in water and sanitation works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. LIC principles for water and sanitation activities are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Methods used in water and sanitation works are described according to established LI construction norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Principles and characteristics of natural gravels and soils are explained according to construction and testing principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. LIC quality control procedures are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation appurtenant works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Appurtenant works activities are identified timeously and implemented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the appurtenant works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify faults and perform Labour intensive water and sanitation repair and maintenance works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Faults are identified and corrected using LIC methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Maintenance interventions for water and sanitation works are identified and described according to LIC principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The recommendations of a maintenance management system are implemented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Productivity of maintenance activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Quantities are measured for completed maintenance works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Quality control LIC procedures are implemented for maintenance activities according to project specifications. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the CETA - ETQA for "The National Certificate in the Supervision of Construction Processes - Labour Intensive Construction".
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the CETA - ETQA
  • CETA - ETQA, or other ETQA's who have a Memorandum of Understanding in place with CETA-ETQA, would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Labour Intensive Construction Principles, and methods pertaining to construction, repair, and maintenance of water and sanitation systems.
  • Terms and words used in water and sanitation works.
  • The concept of tasks and task norms.
  • LIC Compaction techniques and backfilling methods.
  • Measurement and payment of earthworks, pipeworks and appurtenant works according to specifications and pay items.
  • Fault-finding techniques and clearing of blocked reticulation pipes.
  • Pressure and air testing, and sterilisation of pipes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works.
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation works.
  • Identify faults and perform Labour intensive water and sanitation repair and maintenance works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods.
  • Faults are identified and corrected using LIC methods.
  • Maintenance interventions for water and sanitation works are identified and described according to LIC principles. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Team work.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works.
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works.
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self organisation and management.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works.
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works.
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms.
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods.
  • Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures.
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information evaluation.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions.
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC water and sanitation project.
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works.
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC water and sanitation project.
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use of science and technology.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works.
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation appurtenant works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures.
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter-relatedness of systems.

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works.
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation appurtenant works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures.
  • Appurtenant works activities are identified timeously and implemented. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Learner and societal development. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the above principles of assessment. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  64589   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Monitoring  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Elective  65949   Further Education and Training Certificate: Supervision of Construction Processes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  23682   National Certificate: Supervision of Civil Engineering Construction Processes: Labour Intensive Construction  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2004-06-09  Was CETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  49053   National Certificate: Supervision of Construction Processes  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2018-06-30  CETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abakholwe Community Developers (Pty) Ltd 
    2. Academy for Construction Skills (Pty) Ltd (ACS) 
    3. Buyisiwe Management Services 
    4. D and E Services Pty Ltd 
    5. DAMBUZA COMMUNITY TRUST 
    6. Dego Consultants 
    7. Eastcape Training Centre 
    8. Ergo-Maphelong Institute 
    9. Hlumanathi Trading PTY LTD 
    10. IMBAWULA CIVIL ENGINEERING ACADEMY 
    11. In Touch Community Development & Project Managers 
    12. IQHAYIYA COMMUNITY COLLEGE (Legacy) 
    13. IZWE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    14. Jot Tirelo 13 Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Kagano Consulting Services 
    16. KWAZULU NATAL AVUXENI COMPUTER AND TRAINING CENTRE (PTY) LTD 
    17. Macsen Construction & Projects 
    18. Masana Social Consultants cc 
    19. MOKWEDI CIVIL AND PROJECTS (PTY) LTD 
    20. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    21. Mpilende Training and Technology Solutions 
    22. Mthoms Trading 
    23. MZANTSI TRUCK & BUS (Uitenhage) 
    24. NOLOSHA 
    25. Nomagwanishe Investments cc 
    26. NSINGWENI CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    27. Ntongenhle Construction Force 
    28. Pat Sesfikile Trading CC 
    29. PMA Holdings (PTY ) LTD. 
    30. Raubex Construction Pty (Ltd) 
    31. Realeboga Training Provider 
    32. SEDA Construction Incubator Trust 
    33. Sejamo Construction and Training 
    34. Sinethemba Visiwe PTY LTD 
    35. South African Value Education (Pty) Ltd 
    36. Thabomeleng 
    37. The Royal Dish CC 
    38. Thela Developments 
    39. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 
    40. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    41. TSK Projects 
    42. Ubucubu Home Industries 
    43. Zama Training & Developments 
    44. Zwartkop Training Centre 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.