SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Lay out and mark off regular and irregular shapes for thermoplastic fabrication 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14700  Lay out and mark off regular and irregular shapes for thermoplastic fabrication 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  25 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The fabrication of plastics products generally requires the preparing and joining of plastics components into assemblies. The assemblies are often subjected to considerable stress and the manufacturing process needs to be consistent and accurate. This unit standard reflects the skills and knowledge required to perform the activities related to the joining process and demonstrate an understanding of the factors involved.

To qualify, I have to demonstrate that I am able to lay out and mark off sections and regular and irregular surface developments as used in the fabrication industry.

The learning outcomes in this unit standard contribute to the exit level outcomes required for the National Certificate in Thermoplastic Fabrication (NQF Level 3) and related qualifications. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard has been designed as part of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for activities below, at and above this level. The credits assigned to it are based on the assumption that I am learning what is needed for this unit standard as part of my learning for a range of related unit standards. If I have experience in these related activities but do not have credits for them, I can obtain credits by being assessed through a process that recognises prior learning. If I do not have such experience of related activities, then my learning time will be increased. I can choose to be assessed and obtain credits against those other unit standards as I make progress towards the outcomes of this unit standard. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Work is performed under minimal supervision. Laying out and marking off at this level should include oblique cylinders, ducts, bends, truncated oblique cones and pyramids, intersection of different diameter cylinders and ducts, transitions of square to round, rectangle to round, square to rectangle, square to square and rectangle to rectangle between parallel and inclined planes, and marking out of plate, structural detail and flanges. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Interpret job instructions, determine sequence of operations & prepare for laying out & marking off. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Check that equipment, tools and materials required are at the workstation
  • Prepare equipment and tools for operation including routine maintenance and pre-operational checks
  • Draw up cutting lists
  • Identify materials
  • Perform pattern calculations
  • Identify codes and standards in relation to dimensional accuracy
  • Identify structural details
  • Identify and prevent hazards
  • Develop template (if required)
  • Select material for template
  • Identify and accommodate cutting and bending allowances
  • Establish and transfer datum points to materials 
  • OUTCOME RANGE 
    Regular shapes are those that lie between parallel planes
    Irregular shapes are those that lie between inclined planes
    Equipment includes measuring and marking out equipment
    Materials include thermoplastic sheets, pipes, sections, profiles
    Material thickness typically ranges from 3 to 30mm
    Material for producing templates involves use of paper, sheet metal, wood, plastic, cardboard
    Section shapes include sheet materials, plate and stock shapes 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Results achieved
    1. Fabrication shapes comply with job specifications and job requirements

    Indicators
    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    3. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment
    4. Correct materials are identified as per job requirements
    5. Safe working practices are adhered to
    6. Calculations comply to job specifications
    7. Codes and standards are adhered to
    8. Fabrication shapes are inspected and measured for compliance to job specifications
    9. Cutting allowances are correctly determined
    10. Marking out of stock shapes is done according to drawing specifications
    11. Laying out and marking off of materials are verified by supervisor
    12. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed
    Explain and discuss:
    1. Equipment, tools and their functions
    2. Laying out and marking off procedures
    3. Methods of pattern development
    4. Structural details
    5. Codes and standards
    6. Potential hazards and their prevention
    7. Safety procedures
    8. Quality checks
    9. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Mark out surface developments. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Define surface to be developed
  • Select method for development
  • Identify and use joint lines
  • Show notching, cutting, bending lines, drilling points and bevelling
  • Mark and establish datum lines
  • Carry out marking out 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Results achieved
    1. Fabrication shapes comply with job specifications and job requirements

    Indicators
    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    3. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment
    4. Correct materials are identified as per job requirements
    5. Safe working practices are adhered to
    6. Calculations comply to job specifications
    7. Codes and standards are adhered to
    8. Fabrication shapes are inspected and measured for compliance to job specifications
    9. Cutting allowances are correctly determined
    10. Marking out of stock shapes is done according to drawing specifications
    11. Laying out and marking off of materials are verified by supervisor
    12. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed
    Explain and discuss:
    1. Equipment, tools and their functions
    2. Laying out and marking off procedures
    3. Methods of pattern development
    4. Structural details
    5. Codes and standards
    6. Potential hazards and their prevention
    7. Safety procedures
    8. Quality checks
    9. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Apply quality checks on materials. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Verify datum points to aid fabrication
  • Ensure that laying out and marking off is consistent with job specification
  • Measure patterns, sections and templates for compliance 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Results achieved
    1. Fabrication shapes comply with job specifications and job requirements

    Indicators
    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    3. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment
    4. Correct materials are identified as per job requirements
    5. Safe working practices are adhered to
    6. Calculations comply to job specifications
    7. Codes and standards are adhered to
    8. Fabrication shapes are inspected and measured for compliance to job specifications
    9. Cutting allowances are correctly determined
    10. Marking out of stock shapes is done according to drawing specifications
    11. Laying out and marking off of materials are verified by supervisor
    12. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed
    Explain and discuss:
    1. Equipment, tools and their functions
    2. Laying out and marking off procedures
    3. Methods of pattern development
    4. Structural details
    5. Codes and standards
    6. Potential hazards and their prevention
    7. Safety procedures
    8. Quality checks
    9. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Identify and report non-conformances, record information on work done & provide feedback. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Identify and report non-conformances, record information on work done and provide feedback to appropriate personnel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Results achieved
    1. Fabrication shapes comply with job specifications and job requirements

    Indicators
    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    3. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment
    4. Correct materials are identified as per job requirements
    5. Safe working practices are adhered to
    6. Calculations comply to job specifications
    7. Codes and standards are adhered to
    8. Fabrication shapes are inspected and measured for compliance to job specifications
    9. Cutting allowances are correctly determined
    10. Marking out of stock shapes is done according to drawing specifications
    11. Laying out and marking off of materials are verified by supervisor
    12. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed
    Explain and discuss:
    1. Equipment, tools and their functions
    2. Laying out and marking off procedures
    3. Methods of pattern development
    4. Structural details
    5. Codes and standards
    6. Potential hazards and their prevention
    7. Safety procedures
    8. Quality checks
    9. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Apply safe working practices and discuss issues related to safety. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Apply safe working practices and discuss issues related to safety of self, fellow workers, machines, equipment, materials and the environment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Safe working practices include use of appropriate personal protective equipment and safe handling of equipment and materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Results achieved
    1. Fabrication shapes comply with job specifications and job requirements

    Indicators
    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    3. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment
    4. Correct materials are identified as per job requirements
    5. Safe working practices are adhered to
    6. Calculations comply to job specifications
    7. Codes and standards are adhered to
    8. Fabrication shapes are inspected and measured for compliance to job specifications
    9. Cutting allowances are correctly determined
    10. Marking out of stock shapes is done according to drawing specifications
    11. Laying out and marking off of materials are verified by supervisor
    12. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed
    Explain and discuss:
    1. Equipment, tools and their functions
    2. Laying out and marking off procedures
    3. Methods of pattern development
    4. Structural details
    5. Codes and standards
    6. Potential hazards and their prevention
    7. Safety procedures
    8. Quality checks
    9. Reporting and documentation 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    My assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the MERSETA ETQA, which has the jurisdiction over this field of learning. My assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a technical qualification in this learning area.
    I can be assessed in the language of my choice although if I have to report incidents or conditions to someone else, I will be assessed on my ability to report in the language commonly used in my working environment.
    I will be assessed in the workplace but I can submit documents, projects, test results and assignments that were produced outside of the workplace.
    I can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits, or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Names & functions of:
  • Equipment and tools

    2. Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Hazards
  • Stock shapes
  • Methods of pattern developments

    3. Purpose of:
  • Laying out and marking off operations
  • Accurate calculations and measurements
  • Datum point

    4. Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Importance of codes and standards and their effects on dimensional accuracy
  • Implications of incorrect calculations
  • Implications of inaccurate measurement
  • Implications of inappropriate selection of material for template

    5. Procedures and techniques:
  • Worksite procedures
  • Layout techniques
  • Preparation procedures
  • Safety procedures
  • Quality procedures
  • Maintenance procedures
  • Recording and reporting procedures

    6. Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards

    7. Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Principles of tolerances and allowances
  • Industry standards for marking off structures
  • Welding and machine symbols

    8. Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship of codes and standards and their effects on dimensional accuracy 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Recognise inaccuracies in laying out and marking off and rectify them 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work together with others
  • Contribute to efforts of workgroup 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job instructions and set up equipment appropriately 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information
  • Interpret dimensions, symbols and conventions
  • Determine material requirements based on job instructions 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • Communicate with others in the fabrication process
  • Provide feedback on outcomes of work to appropriate personnel 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically
  • Calculate dimensions, determine shapes, measure accurately 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
  • Describe the relationship between laying out and marking off, the materials and the component produced 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard can be contextualized for the Polymer Composite Fabrication Environment. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  22870   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication (light or heavy)  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  MERSETA 
    Core  36155   National Certificate: Polymer Composite Fabrication  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Core  24217   National Certificate: Thermoplastic Fabrication  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  58720   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    2. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    3. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    4. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    5. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    6. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    7. Eastcape Training Centre 
    8. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    9. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    10. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    11. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    12. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    13. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    14. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    15. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    16. Plastics Federation of South Africa (WESTMEAD) (TP) 
    17. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    18. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    19. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    20. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    21. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    22. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    23. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    24. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    25. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    26. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.