SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Observe the position of a survey point by polar / traversing 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14236  Observe the position of a survey point by polar / traversing 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Surveying 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Physical Planning, Design and Management 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard has been developed for the surveying occupational area and is intended for persons who aim to achieve career advancement by gaining surveying skills leading to a qualification based on unit standards. A person who has successfully completed this unit standard is able to observe the position of a survey point by polar /traversing in any working environment
.
A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Display knowledge related to polar/traversing
  • Plan and prepare to observe a survey point by polar/traversing
  • Observe a survey point by polar/traversing and verify the field observations
  • Complete the work sequence in accordance with survey standards 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    NQF Level 3 numeracy and literacy, and the ability to set up a survey instrument will facilitate better understanding and proficiency in this unit standard. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Display knowledge related to polar/traversing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Theory and principles associated with polar/traversing are understood and explained in accordance with task specific surveys standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Theory and principles associated with three-dimensional positioning are understood and explained in accordance with task specific survey standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Operating principles and adjustments of survey instruments are understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The importance of polar/traverse surveys is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The importance of reducing and checking field observations is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. The importance of completing the work sequence is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Applicable task specific legal and safety requirements are understood and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Plan and prepare to observe a survey point by polar/traversing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Tools, equipment and survey instruments required for the task are verified for use in accordance with manufacturers' specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Tools and equipment mean, but is not limited to, tripod, targets, tapes, markers, hammers, plumb bobs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Personal protective equipment is verified for use in accordance with manufacturers' specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Personal protective equipment means, but is not limited to, hearing protection, hard hats, safety footwear, eye protection, hand protection, lifelines, and reflective gear. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Permission to enter the work place, if necessary, is obtained in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Details of the work place and other relevant information, if required, are obtained in accordance with task specific requirements and job instruction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Workplace hazards and sub-standard conditions are explained and, if found during continuous examination, dealt with in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Workplace hazards and sub-standard conditions may include, but is not limited to highballs, undermined ground, snakes, strong wind, loose ground, wet/muddy conditions, skew beacons, friable/loose hanging wall or sidewall, slippery footwall, confined spaces. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Observe a survey point by polar/traversing and verify the field observations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Work related hazards and associated risks are explained, and if found, dealt with in accordance with legal and task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Work related hazards and associated risks may include, but is not limited to, traffic, overhead power lines, water, working at elevated positions, field fires, poor ventilation underground. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Personal protective equipment is used throughout in accordance with manufacturers' specifications. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Reference survey stations and new survey points are located and identified in accordance with the job instruction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Instrument and targets are set up at required survey points, orientated and prepared for use in accordance with task specific requirements and manufacturers' specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Observations are recorded in accordance with task specific and accuracy requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Recording means the storage of observations in a field book (manually) or on a data logger (electronically) or sketches. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Observations include horizontal and vertical circle readings, measured distances, instrument heights, target heights.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Applicable observations are reduced and checked in accordance with task specific requirements. Evidence of manual reductions is required. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Manual and electronic reduction and checking. Evidence is required of manual reduction and checking.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Levelling and centering of the survey instrument are continuously monitored and if found out of alignment corrective steps are taken in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. Communicated instructions are interpreted and responded to in accordance with task specific requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Communicated instructions include instructions by means of hand signals, verbal communication, radio transmission, and cellular phones. Evidence is required of hand signals or light signals any one other communication method.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Complete the work sequence in accordance with survey standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Tools, equipment and survey instruments are collected and accounted for before leaving the work place. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Tools, equipment and survey instruments are maintained in accordance with manufacturers' specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Tools, equipment and survey instruments found defective are dealt with in accordance with managerial instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Reporting requirements are dealt with in accordance with managerial instructions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or will assess this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA and register with the Fe / HE registrar.
    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.

    Therefore anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Essential embedded knowledge is dealt with under the specific outcomes section where Display KNOWLEDGE and UNDERSTANDING is required.
    2. Range statements are included with specific outcomes as necessary.
    3. The following critical cross-field outcomes are covered in this unit standard under the specific outcomes section. They are not assessed directly, but are assessed holistically through the outcomes as indicated in the following tabulation. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Solve problems. This relates to:
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments required for the task are verified for use in accordance with manufacturers` specifications.
  • Personal protective equipment is verified for use in accordance with manufacturers` specifications.
  • Reference survey stations and new survey points are located and identified in accordance with the job instruction.
  • Instrument and targets are set up at required survey points, orientated and prepared for use in accordance with task specific requirements and manufacturers` specifications.
  • Observations are recorded in accordance with task specific and accuracy requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Applicable observations are reduced and checked in accordance with task specific requirements. Evidence of manual reductions is required.
  • Levelling and centering of the survey instrument are continuously monitored and if found out of alignment corrective steps are taken in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are collected and accounted for before leaving the work place.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are maintained in accordance with manufacturers` specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team/group/organisation or community.
    This relates to:
  • Permission to enter the work place, if necessary, is obtained in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Details of the work place and other relevant information, if required, are obtained in accordance with task specific requirements and job instruction.
  • Work related hazards and associated risks are explained, and if found, dealt with in accordance with legal and task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are collected and accounted for before leaving the work place.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are maintained in accordance with manufacturers` specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively.
    This relates to:
  • Permission to enter the work place, if necessary, is obtained in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Details of the work place and other relevant information, if required, are obtained in accordance with task specific requirements and job instruction.
  • Work related hazards and associated risks are explained, and if found, dealt with in accordance with legal and task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Personal protective equipment is used throughout in accordance with manufacturers` specifications. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Reference survey stations and new survey points are located and identified in accordance with the job instruction.
  • Instrument and targets are set up at required survey points, orientated and prepared for use in accordance with task specific requirements and manufacturers` specifications.
  • Observations are recorded in accordance with task specific and accuracy requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Applicable observations are reduced and checked in accordance with task specific requirements. Evidence of manual reductions is required.
  • Levelling and centering of the survey instrument are continuously monitored and if found out of alignment corrective steps are taken in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are collected and accounted for before leaving the work place.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are maintained in accordance with manufacturers` specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, organise and critically evaluate information. This relates to:
  • Details of the work place and other relevant information, if required, are obtained in accordance with task specific requirements and job instruction.
  • Work related hazards and associated risks are explained, and if found, dealt with in accordance with legal and task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Observations are recorded in accordance with task specific and accuracy requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Applicable observations are reduced and checked in accordance with task specific requirements. Evidence of manual reductions is required.
  • Levelling and centering of the survey instrument are continuously monitored and if found out of alignment corrective steps are taken in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematics and language skills in the modes of oral and written presentations.
    This relates to:
  • Theory and principles associated with polar/traversing are understood and explained in accordance with task specific surveys standards.
  • Theory and principles associated with three-dimensional positioning are understood and explained in accordance with task specific survey standards.
  • Operating principles and adjustments of survey instruments are understood and explained.
  • The importance of polar/traverse surveys is understood and explained.
  • The importance of reducing and checking field observations is understood and explained.
  • The importance of completing the work sequence is understood and explained
  • Levelling and centering of the survey instrument are continuously monitored and if found out of alignment corrective steps are taken in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Communicated instructions are interpreted and responded to in accordance with task specific requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically (showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others). This relates to:
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments required for the task are verified for use in accordance with manufacturers` specifications.
  • Details of the work place and other relevant information, if required, are obtained in accordance with task specific requirements and job instruction.
  • Instrument and targets are set up at required survey points, orientated and prepared for use in accordance with task specific requirements and manufacturers` specifications.
  • Observations are recorded in accordance with task specific and accuracy requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Applicable observations are reduced and checked in accordance with task specific requirements. Evidence of manual reductions is required.
  • Levelling and centering of the survey instrument are continuously monitored and if found out of alignment corrective steps are taken in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Communicated instructions are interpreted and responded to in accordance with task specific requirements.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are collected and accounted for before leaving the work place.
  • Tools, equipment and survey instruments are maintained in accordance with manufacturers` specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems. This relates to:
  • Theory and principles associated with polar/traversing are understood and explained in accordance with task specific surveys standards.
  • Theory and principles associated with three-dimensional positioning are understood and explained in accordance with task specific survey standards.
  • Operating principles and adjustments of survey instruments are understood and explained.
  • The importance of polar/traverse surveys is understood and explained.
  • The importance of reducing and checking field observations is understood and explained.
  • The importance of completing the work sequence is understood and explained
  • Communicated instructions are interpreted and responded to in accordance with task specific requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full development of each learner and the social and economic development of society at large. This relates to:
  • Theory and principles associated with polar/traversing are understood and explained in accordance with task specific surveys standards.
  • Theory and principles associated with three-dimensional positioning are understood and explained in accordance with task specific survey standards.
  • Operating principles and adjustments of survey instruments are understood and explained.
  • The importance of polar/traverse surveys is understood and explained.
  • The importance of reducing and checking field observations is understood and explained.
  • The importance of completing the work sequence is understood and explained
  • Observations are recorded in accordance with task specific and accuracy requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained.
  • Applicable observations are reduced and checked in accordance with task specific requirements. Evidence of manual reductions is required.
  • Levelling and centering of the survey instrument are continuously monitored and if found out of alignment corrective steps are taken in accordance with task specific requirements. The consequences of non-compliance are explained. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    For an applicant to register as an assessor, the applicant needs:
  • A minimum of 2 (two) years` practical, relevant occupational experience
  • Declared competent in all the outcomes of the National Assessor Unit Standards as
    stipulated by SAQA
    Detailed documentary proof of educational qualification, practical training undergone, and experience gained by the applicant must be provided (Portfolio of Evidence). 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    * The relevant information is contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • Training manuals
  • Survey Codes of Practice
  • Survey Instructions
  • Managerial Instructions
  • Manufacturers` Manuals and Specifications
  • Professional Publications

    ** The appropriate sections are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    * Surface Surveying
  • Land Survey Act 8 of 1997
  • South African Professional and Technical Surveyor`s Act 40 of 1984

    * Minerals Surveying
  • Mine Health and Safety Act 29/1996
  • Mineral Act (Act 50 of 1991) 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50082   Further Education and Training Certificate: Minerals Surveying  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  MQA 
    Core  20486   National Certificate: Surveying  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Academy for Construction Skills (Pty) Ltd (ACS) 
    2. Ekurhuleni East College For TVET 
    3. IZWE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    4. Raubex Construction Pty (Ltd) 
    5. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.