SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of environmental health and community hygiene practices 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14042  Demonstrate knowledge of environmental health and community hygiene practices 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The qualifying learner achieving this unit standard in combination with context expertise standard(s) will be able to explain environmental health and community hygiene practices, treat contaminated water, identify water and sanitation related diseases and explain ways to prevent the transmission of these diseases. The learner will be able to explain the appropriate remedial action for each disease and demonstrate the oral rehydration process. This competence will enable the learner to promote health awareness in communities, which will contribute towards improved environmental health within a community and the preservation of environmental resources for future generations. Achieving this unit standard will provide foundational learning that will advance his / her own expertise and employability in the water and other related sectors. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Literacy NQF Level 1 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Water and sanitation: Cholera, diarrhea, malaria, scabies, typhoid, related diseases trachoma, hepatitis, shigella, bilharzia and worms

Vulnerable people: The poor, women, the youth, the elderly and the sick

Alternative ways: Boil water, JIK, chlorine tablet. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Explain environmental health. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The definition of environmental health is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The link between environmental health, water and sanitation is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The link between environmental health and disease is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of current community practices on environmental health and the sustainability of future resources is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Explain hygiene and community hygiene practices. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The definition of hygiene is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Hygiene practices in own community are identified and explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Demonstrate knowledge appropriate action when members have contracted water related deseases. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Demonstrate knowledge of appropriate action when community members have contracted water related diseases. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Water and sanitation related diseases common to own area are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The symptoms of water and sanitation related diseases common to own area are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The different water and sanitation related disease transmission routes are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Remedial action for each water related disease is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Oral rehydration process is explained and demonstrated. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Explain ways to prevent the transmission of water and sanitation related diseases. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Ways to prevent the transmission of water and sanitation related diseases are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Unhygienic practices in own community are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Appropriate solutions are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Explain the impact of inadequate good quality water and poor sanitation on vulnerable people. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The impact of inadequate good quality water on vulnerable people is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The impact of inadequate sanitation on vulnerable people is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The impact of current community hygiene practices on the health of others is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Demonstrate knowledge of alternative ways of treating contaminated water. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Ways in which water may be contaminated during collection, storage and use are explained 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Alternative ways of treating contaminated water are explained including the advantages and disadvantages. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Alternative ways of treating contaminated water is demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The most appropriate ways of treating contaminated water in own community is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Reasons for choice of appropriate method are explained. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
1. Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
2. Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
3. Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
4. Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Learners should have a knowledge and understanding of:

1. The importance of good hygiene practices and the consequences of not following these practices.
2. Ways to prevent faecal oral transmission of diseases.
3. The impact of uncontrolled solid waste on the environment.
4. The importance of oral rehydration.
5. Instances when oral rehydration would be appropriate.
6. The impact of inadequate good quality water on vulnerable people (youth, elderly, HIV / aids patients, TB patients, the poor)
7. The link between poor hygiene practices and disease.
8. The link between pollution and disease.
9. The importance of treated contaminated water immediately.
10. The consequences of not treating contaminated water. 


Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. This relates to:

Appropriate solutions are explained.
Ways in which water may be contaminated during collection, storage and use are explained
Alternative ways of treating contaminated water is demonstrated. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community. This is related to:

Oral rehydration process is explained and demonstrated. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
Plan, organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. This is related to:

Unhygienic practices in own community are identified. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation. This relates to all assessment criteria. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. This relates to all assessment criteria. 

REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
When conducting assessments, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text of the unit standards being assessed. Assessors must ensure that the assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge by developing assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the learners are working. These activities and tools may include self-assessment, peer assessment, formative and summative assessment. It may be more effective and efficient to assess a number of unit standards together in an integrated way, thus reducing the overall number of assessments and ensuring that commonalities that exist between a number of unit standards are captured in a way that makes sense for assessment.

ASSESSMENT OPTION
Learners could be assessed using the following methods:
Oral or written questions
Simulation
Observation 

QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
  ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
Core  61689   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Promotion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
Core  23473   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Promotion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2008-06-11  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Core  49085   National Certificate: Fundamental Ancillary Health Care  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2009-02-18  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Elective  49606   General Education and Training Certificate: Ancillary Health Care  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 
Elective  48495   General Education and Training Certificate: Water Services  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
 
1. AL Abbott and Associates (Pty) Ltd 
2. ALSTOM JOHN THOMPSON (PTY) LTD CAPE TOWN 
3. ARBINET TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT 
4. BALOMAT SKILLS TRAINING ACADEMY 
5. BULL'S BUSINESS AND SKILLS TRAINING INSTITUTE 
6. EECTRICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION - ECA 
7. EMINENCE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
8. ESKOM DISTRIBUTION NORTH WESTERN REGION, BLOEMFONTEIN 
9. IMPILONHLE TRADING & PROJECTS 8 
10. INFRASTRUCTURE CONSULTING ENGINEERS CC 
11. INTEGRATED ADULT TRAINING 
12. IQRAAM DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
13. ISHUMI LAMASHANDU TRADING 
14. IYANDA HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 
15. KAREUBO MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 
16. KHANYISA GAVU TRADING 
17. MAKHOKA SUPPLIERS (PTY) LTD 
18. MMESELANE CONSTRUCTION 
19. MPUMAMANZI ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
20. NDITSHE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANTS 
21. NEW HOPE REVIVAL ORGANISATION 
22. NOKRAM (PTY) LTD 
23. OSHIKATI 
24. PRAXIS TRAINING AND CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
25. SABS NATIONAL ELECTRICAL TESTING FACILITY OLIFANTSFONTEIN 
26. SOUTH AFRICA ADVANCED SKILLS INSTITUTE 
27. SOUTH AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY (PTY) LTD 
28. SOUTHERN AFRICAN YOUTH MOVEMENT 
29. TAG TEC TRAINING 
30. TALENT SCULPTURE ACADEMY 



All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.