SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of community sanitation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14034  Demonstrate knowledge of community sanitation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The qualifying learner achieving this unit standard in combination with context expertise standard(s) will be able to explain different sanitation systems and the relation between sanitation and water quality management. This competence will enable the learner to explain appropriate sanitation options to community members including the advantages and disadvantages of each option. This will enable the community to make informed decisions on sanitation and hygiene issues, which will benefit all community members. Achieving this unit standard will provide foundational learning that will advance his / her own expertise and employability in the water and other related sectors. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Literacy NQF Level 1, Knowledge of Water Cycle, Water and Waste Water Systems. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Sanitation technology: Sullage, sludge, sewage and solid waste

Sanitation options: On site, off site, wet and dry

Stakeholders: Contractor, builder, promoter, project manager, facilitator etc.

Funding options: Subsidies, household contributions, donor funding, CMIP (consolidated municipal infrastructure programme) funding or community funding, municipal infrastructure grants.

Household motivational factors: Privacy, dignity, safety, convenience and prestige. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Explain the principles and practices of sanitation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The principles and practices of sanitation are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The four waste streams are identified and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Hygienic behaviour is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of poor or badly managed sanitation technology on personal and public health is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Explain different sanitation technology options. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. All sanitation technology options are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The advantages and disadvantages of all sanitation technology options are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Factors that should be considered when locating toilet facilities are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Sanitation technology options that are relevant for own area are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Suitable location of toilet facilities in own area is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Explain the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders in community sanitation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The roles and responsibilities of the householder are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The roles and responsibilities of the local authority are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The roles and responsibilities of other stakeholders are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Explain the costs of all sanitation technology options. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The capital costs of all sanitation technology options are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The operation and maintenance requirements of all sanitation options are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Funding options are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Mechanisms for accessing funding options are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. The application processes are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Explain household motivational factors for sanitation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Household motivational factors are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The consequences of not taking into consideration household motivational factors are explained. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
1. Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
2. Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
3. Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
4. Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Learners should have a knowledge and understanding of:

1. The definition of sanitation.
2. Minimum standards in terms of sanitation technology.
3. Types of sanitation technology that can be upgraded.
4. The link between sanitation and development plans - Integrated development plan (IDP) and water services development plan (WSDP).
5. The importance of appropriate sanitation systems.
6. Legislation related to sanitation.
7. The importance of household motivational factors.
8. Sanitation in the context of social and economic development.
9. The concept of social marketing. 


Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. This relates to:

The impact of poor or badly managed sanitation technology on personal and public health is explained.
Factors that should be considered when locating toilet facilities are explained. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
Plan, organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. This relates to:

The advantages and disadvantages of all sanitation technology options are explained.
Factors that should be considered when locating toilet facilities are explained.
Sanitation technology options that are relevant for own area are explained.
Suitable location of toilet facilities in own area is explained.
The consequences of not taking into consideration household motivational factors are explained. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation. This relates to all assessement criteria. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. This relates to:

Factors that should be considered when locating toilet facilities are explained.
Sanitation technology options that are relevant for own area are explained.
Suitable location of toilet facilities in own area is explained. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. This relates to:


Factors that should be considered when locating toilet facilities are explained.
Sanitation technology options that are relevant for own area are explained.
Suitable location of toilet facilities in own area is explained.
The consequences of not taking into consideration household motivational factors are explained. 

REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
When conducting assessments, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text of the unit standards being assessed. Assessors must ensure that the assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge by developing assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the learners are working. These activities and tools may include self-assessment, peer assessment, formative and summative assessment. It may be more effective and efficient to assess a number of unit standards together in an integrated way, thus reducing the overall number of assessments and ensuring that commonalities that exist between a number of unit standards are captured in a way that makes sense for assessment.

ASSESSMENT OPTION
Learners could be assessed using the following methods:
Oral or written questions 

QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
  ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
Core  61689   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Promotion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
Core  23473   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Promotion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2008-06-11  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Core  64589   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Monitoring  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
Core  58396   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Development: HIV/AIDS Support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2009-11-07  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Core  48665   National Certificate: Community Development: HIV/AIDS support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2006-11-07  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Core  23708   National Certificate: Community Water, Sanitation and Health Facilitation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2008-06-11  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Elective  23094   Further Education and Training Certificate: Development Practice  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2009-09-09  ETDP SETA 
Elective  23095   Higher Education and Training Certificate: Development Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 


PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
 
1. AL Abbott and Associates (Pty) Ltd 
2. ALSTOM JOHN THOMPSON (PTY) LTD CAPE TOWN 
3. ARBINET TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT 
4. Bopaditshaba Community Project 
5. BULL'S BUSINESS AND SKILLS TRAINING INSTITUTE 
6. D M Management and Consulting 
7. Dabulamanzi & Njabulo Ndaba Consulting cc 
8. EECTRICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION - ECA 
9. EMINENCE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
10. ESKOM DISTRIBUTION NORTH WESTERN REGION, BLOEMFONTEIN 
11. Future-Teacher (Pty) Ltd 
12. IMPILONHLE TRADING & PROJECTS 8 
13. INFRASTRUCTURE CONSULTING ENGINEERS CC 
14. INKWENKWEZI PRIVATE COLLEGE - SKILLS DEVELOPMENT cc 
15. INTEGRATED ADULT TRAINING 
16. Isamon Integrated 
17. Isamon Vocational College of Excellence Pty Ltd 
18. Isibani Skills Academy 
19. Isibani Soluntu Development Trust 
20. IYANDA HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 
21. KAREUBO MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 
22. Kenako Investments 
23. KHANYISA GAVU TRADING 
24. KITSO TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
25. KWAZULU NATAL EXPERIMENTAL COLLEGE 
26. MAKHOKA SUPPLIERS (PTY) LTD 
27. Mapheto Business Enterprises t/a MBE 
28. Marematlou Training Institute 
29. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
30. MMESELANE CONSTRUCTION 
31. MPUMAMANZI ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
32. NDITSHE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANTS 
33. Ndoma Mathodi Trading Enterprise 
34. NEW HOPE REVIVAL ORGANISATION 
35. Nkinane Training Institute and Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
36. NOKRAM (PTY) LTD 
37. Ntevho-Ketso Training and Recruitement Consultancy cc 
38. Ntingantakandini Training, Education and Development Company 
39. OSHIKATI 
40. PMA Holding (Pty) Ltd 
41. PRAXIS TRAINING AND CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
42. Professional Development and Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
43. Retshetse Training Project 
44. SABS NATIONAL ELECTRICAL TESTING FACILITY OLIFANTSFONTEIN 
45. Sigodi Development Services and Associates (SDS) cc 
46. SOUTH AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY (PTY) LTD 
47. SOUTHERN AFRICAN YOUTH MOVEMENT 
48. Spotru Training Centre 
49. SPS Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
50. SWARANANG DEVELOPMENT AGENCY 
51. TAG TEC TRAINING 
52. Thabelanang t/a Thabelanang Trading Enterprise 
53. The Fundamentals Training Centre 
54. THE GMC GROUP PTY LTD 
55. Thembekile training consulting 
56. Thuto Botshabelo Training Academy 
57. Thuto Ya Setshaba Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
58. Thuto-Botshabelo Training and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
59. Tinissa Trading 29 PTY Ltd 
60. TMG Quality Services 
61. Ulwazi Training & Development 
62. Wildfire Development Training Agency 
63. World Wide Education Providers(Pty)Ltd 



All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.