SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and describe inputs, outputs, stages and quality indicators of the manufacturing, assembly or engineering process 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
13162  Identify and describe inputs, outputs, stages and quality indicators of the manufacturing, assembly or engineering process 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard are required by people in the field of manufacturing, engineering and technology.

The learning outcomes in this unit standard contribute to the exit level outcomes which provide access to workplace based learning programmes for occupationally focused qualifications in this field, and provide qualifying learners with access to a range of further learning at NQF level 2 and above.

Qualifying learners can identify and describe the features of a manufacturing, assembly or engineering process, the inputs and outputs and the phases or elements of that process, and the changes which occur. Identification in this unit standard refers to the learner`s ability to point out features of the working processes. The learner also has an understanding of the concept of quality in terms of customer requirements and product specifications. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard has been designed as a basic introduction to the skills and knowledge it embodies, and as such does not assume any prior learning or experience of manufacturing or engineering processes.

The credits allocated to this unit standard assume that a learner is already competent in communication and numeracy at ABET Level 3. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The scope and level of this unit standard is determined by the ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Explain the role of my company within its supply chain 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The various stages of the process and the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services are correctly identified and described. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
Indicators and understanding confirmed

1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The concept of quality is accurately described and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
Indicators and understanding confirmed

1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Identify and describe the various stages of the manufacturing, assembly or engineering process 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Process may include any manufacturing, assembly or engineering process, e.g. machine a shaft, melt polymer, mix a batch, assemble a toaster. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The various stages of the process and the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services are correctly identified and described. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
Indicators and understanding confirmed

1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The concept of quality is accurately described and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
Indicators and understanding confirmed

1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Describe each phase of the process 
OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Indicate the point at which each part of the process occurs
  • Identify the transformation/change at each point
  • Describe the value adding function 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The various stages of the process and the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services are correctly identified and described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The concept of quality is accurately described and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Identify and describe the inputs and outputs of each phase of the process 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Inputs include for e.g. raw material, intermediates or stock materials, packaging, heat / energy.

    Outputs include for e.g. finished product or intermediate product, waste / scrap, heat / energy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The various stages of the process and the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services are correctly identified and described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The concept of quality is accurately described and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify and describe the power sources, control systems and services required by the process 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Power sources include for e.g. electricity, hydraulics, air, fluids, steam,

    Control systems include for e.g. physical controls (temperature sensors, pressure gauges, flow metres, laser barcode readers) and quality controls (Statistical Process Control charts, inspection, laboratory testing).

    Services include for e.g. robotics, electrical power line, lubricant, steam line, air / gas line, mechanical feed, lever (e.g. lathe) lifting equipment, cam, conveyer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The various stages of the process and the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services are correctly identified and described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The concept of quality is accurately described and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Define quality in terms of customer requirements and product specifications 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Recognise internal and external suppliers
  • Recognise internal and external customers and identify their requirements
  • Identify the costs of poor quality and the benefits of good quality 
  • OUTCOME RANGE 
    Costs and benefits include the time value of money, the cost of rework, etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The various stages of the process and the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services are correctly identified and described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The concept of quality is accurately described and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
    Describe the implications for the workers, internal and external customers and the company 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Describe the implications for the workers, internal and external customers and the company of product and process failures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The various stages of the process and the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services are correctly identified and described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The concept of quality is accurately described and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators and understanding confirmed

    1. Discuss how my company fits into its supply chain
    2. Explain how each stage in the process adds value
    3. Explain and discuss the significance of quality requirements and the importance of adhering to them
    4. Describe the roles of the internal and external customers and suppliers
    5. Explain and discuss the implications of failure of the process 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the MERSETA Education and Training Quality Assuror (ETQA) who has jurisdiction over this field of learning.

    The assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a technical qualification in this learning area.

    The learner can be assessed in the language of his/her choice although if s/he has to report incidents or conditions to some one else, s/he will be assessed on his/her ability to report in the language commonly used in the working environment.

    The learner can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification.

    My assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the MERSETA Education and Training Quality Assuror who has jurisdiction over this field of learning. My assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a technical qualification in this learning area.

    I can be assessed in the language of my choice although if I have to report incidents or conditions to someone else, I will be assessed on my ability to report in the language commonly used in my working environment.

    I can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Names & functions of:
  • The specific manufacturing, assembly or engineering process
  • Inputs to the process
  • Outputs of the process
  • Power sources, control systems, services

    2. Purpose of:
  • The manufacturing, assembly or engineering process
  • Power sources, control systems, services
  • Quality requirements

    3. Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Basic characteristics of the manufacturing, assembly or engineering process

    4. Processes and events:
  • Steps in the manufacturing, assembly or engineering process
  • Change process:
  • Energy transformation (e.g. electrical power supply)
  • Heating, cooling, machining, compression
  • Phases of matter (solid, liquid, gas)
  • If required, overview of chemical change process

    5. Cause and effect, implications of:
  • A failure in the process

    6. Categories
  • Inputs
  • Outputs

    7. Theory: rules, principles, laws
  • Related to the process (e.g. heat, cutting on a lathe)
  • Related to energy transformation
  • Exothermic / endothermic processes

    8. Relationships, systems:
  • The relationship between the input, process and output
  • The relationship between quality, costs and customers
  • The relationship properties of materials and the transformation process
  • The relationship between a failure of the system and the output 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Recognise downstream consequences of a particular activity 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Use the names for the phases of the process
  • Use the names for the inputs, outputs, power sources, control systems and services 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Link science concepts to the technology in the process 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Describe the relationship between inputs, process and outputs
  • Describe the relationship between quality and customer
  • Describe the relationship between the properties of materials and the transformation process 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    The learner should spend some time in a plant while learning for this unit standard.
    The assessment should be carried out in situ, with the learner referring to an actual process (with which s/he is familiar) in order to demonstrate knowledge and understanding. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23253   National Certificate (GETC): Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Activities  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Core  59016   National Certificate: Fish and Seafood Processing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Core  58781   National Certificate: Production Technology  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  58026   General Education and Training Certificate: Food and Beverage Handling Processes  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Alvern Cables (Pty) Ltd (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    2. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    3. Bridgestone South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Brits Plant (BRITS) (TP) 
    4. Bridgestone South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Isando Branch (ISANDO) (TP) 
    5. Bridgestone South Africa (Pty) Ltd - PE Plant (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    6. Career Pathing Solutions (Pty) Ltd (KRUGERSDORP) (TP) 
    7. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    8. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Umbumbulu Campus 
    9. College of Production Technology 
    10. Continental Tyres SA (Pty) Ltd (NEW BRIGHTON) (TP) 
    11. CREATIVE FOUNDATION TRAINING 
    12. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    13. Eastcape Training Centre 
    14. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    15. First Car Care (Pty) Ltd T/A STi Autobody Repairers (GOODWOOD) (TP) 
    16. Goodyear SA (Pty) Ltd (UITENHAGE) (TP) 
    17. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    18. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    19. INSTITUTE FOR QUALITY EDUCATION, TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT: FLORIDA 
    20. Institute for Telling Development T/A ITD Training (MENLYN PARK) (TP) 
    21. INTERACTIVE TUTOR (PTY) LIMITED 
    22. Intercept Consulting and Training Solutions 
    23. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    24. JESUA CONSULTANTS (Hartenbos) (WA) 
    25. Jesua Consultants (Pty) Ltd (MOSSEL BAY) (TP) 
    26. JMC TECHNICAL TRAINING (Bloemfontein)(TP) 
    27. MacSteel Services Centres SA (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    28. Masiqhame Trading 81 cc T/A Kim's Welding School (AUSTERVILLE) (TP) 
    29. Mercedes Benz South Africa (Pty) Ltd (EAST LONDON) (TP) 
    30. MT & HR Training Consultants (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    31. Nissan SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    32. Northlink College - Wingfield Campus 
    33. Operational Process Improvements (Pty) Ltd 
    34. OPTIMUM LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    35. Organisational Development International (TP) 
    36. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    37. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    38. Plastics Federation of South Africa (WESTMEAD) (TP) 
    39. Port Elizabeth Draughting Academy & Trading cc T/A PE Draughting Acade 
    40. Production Management Institute 
    41. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa (PMI) 
    42. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa (PMI) - Johannesburg 
    43. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa - Durban 
    44. PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE SA PTY LTD (PORT ELIZABETH) 
    45. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    46. Rema Tip Top SA (Pty) Ltd (BENONI) (TP) 
    47. Sabela Learning Academy 
    48. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    49. Sea Harvest Corporation (Pty) Ltd 
    50. Solar Salt 
    51. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    52. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 
    53. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    54. THE NEW RECLAMATION GROUP (PTY) LTD (Prospecton) (TP) 
    55. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    56. Training Force (Pty) Ltd (Durban) (TP) 
    57. Triple E Training Holdings (Pty) Ltd (KRUGERDORP) (TP) 
    58. Tshwane South Public FET College - Odi Campus 
    59. Tsoho Training & Development T/A Tsoho Training (BRITS) (TP) 
    60. Wide Horizon Advanced Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    61. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    62. WISPECO ALUMINIUM (Alrode)(Project Site NVC)(TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.