SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Assemble and mechanically join sheet, plate, tube, pipe and steel sections 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
12246  Assemble and mechanically join sheet, plate, tube, pipe and steel sections 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Performing assembly and using mechanical joining techniques on sheet, plate, tube, pipe and structural sections used in fabrication.

The skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard are required by people in the field of engineering fabrication, which includes boilermaking, sheetmetal working, welding and vehicle body building. The learning outcomes in this unit standard contribute to the exit level outcomes required for the National Certificate in Fabrication (Light / Heavy) (NQF level 3) and related qualifications. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard has been designed as part of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for assembling and mechanically joining metals in the fabrication field.

The credits allocated to this unit standard assume that a learner has already learned to read and interpret engineering fabrication drawings, to identify engineering materials, to select, use and care for engineering hand tools and to use lifting and slinging equipment safely. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
A general guide to the scope, context conditions, and level at which I am expected to perform.

The scope and level of this unit standard is determined by the ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes. The learner can use assembly and mechanical joining methods on a range of materials with minimal supervision. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Prepare for work activity. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Interpret job instructions and determine sequence of operations
  • Check that equipment and materials required are at the workstation
  • Prepare equipment and / or tools for operation, including routine maintenance and pre-operational checks
  • Calculate for joint and machining allowances
  • Check that rust protection has been applied
  • Identify hazards and take preventative action
  • Select assembly procedure and mechanical joining methods 
  • OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Materials include low carbon and alloy steels, stainless steel, aluminium alloys, copper alloys
  • Section shapes include sheet materials, plate and all types of structural sections.
  • Material thickness ranges from 0.4 to 100mm
  • Mechanical joining includes self-secured joints and all types of fasteners
  • Tools includes impact wrenches, spanners, hammers, jacks, drifts 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Materials / components are assembled and joined according to job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Materials are identified.
    2. Materials are inspected for conformance to drawing specifications.
    3. Appropriate mechanical and assembly methods are identified and applied.
    4. Appropriate calculations for joint and machining allowances are made.
    5. Jigs and fixtures are constructed (if required) and used according to job specifications.
    6. Materials are assembled and mechanically joined according to job specifications.
    7. Workpiece is finished off.
    8. Problems are reported timeously to appropriate personnel.
    9. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment.
    10. Safe working practices are adhered to.
    11. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained.

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Assembly and joining techniques
    2. Equipment, functions and tools
    3. Construction and use of jigs and fixtures
    4. Materials - thickness and types
    5. Hazards
    6. Safety practices
    7. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Assemble and mechanically join materials. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Construct (if required) and use jigs and fixtures
  • Use datum points and assembly lines
  • Assemble materials
  • Mechanically join materials
  • Perform site erection and layout
  • Carry out finishing 
  • OUTCOME RANGE 
    Erection may include scaffolding or stagging, safe use of lifting equipment 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Materials / components are assembled and joined according to job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Materials are identified.
    2. Materials are inspected for conformance to drawing specifications.
    3. Appropriate mechanical and assembly methods are identified and applied.
    4. Appropriate calculations for joint and machining allowances are made.
    5. Jigs and fixtures are constructed (if required) and used according to job specifications.
    6. Materials are assembled and mechanically joined according to job specifications.
    7. Workpiece is finished off.
    8. Problems are reported timeously to appropriate personnel.
    9. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment.
    10. Safe working practices are adhered to.
    11. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained.

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Assembly and joining techniques
    2. Equipment, functions and tools
    3. Construction and use of jigs and fixtures
    4. Materials - thickness and types
    5. Hazards
    6. Safety practices
    7. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Apply quality checks on assembled and joined components. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Inspect and measure assemblies and joints for compliance
  • Correct distortion
  • Rectify non-conformances 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Materials / components are assembled and joined according to job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Materials are identified.
    2. Materials are inspected for conformance to drawing specifications.
    3. Appropriate mechanical and assembly methods are identified and applied.
    4. Appropriate calculations for joint and machining allowances are made.
    5. Jigs and fixtures are constructed (if required) and used according to job specifications.
    6. Materials are assembled and mechanically joined according to job specifications.
    7. Workpiece is finished off.
    8. Problems are reported timeously to appropriate personnel.
    9. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment.
    10. Safe working practices are adhered to.
    11. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained.

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Assembly and joining techniques
    2. Equipment, functions and tools
    3. Construction and use of jigs and fixtures
    4. Materials - thickness and types
    5. Hazards
    6. Safety practices
    7. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Report non-rectifiable non-conformances. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Materials / components are assembled and joined according to job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Materials are identified.
    2. Materials are inspected for conformance to drawing specifications.
    3. Appropriate mechanical and assembly methods are identified and applied.
    4. Appropriate calculations for joint and machining allowances are made.
    5. Jigs and fixtures are constructed (if required) and used according to job specifications.
    6. Materials are assembled and mechanically joined according to job specifications.
    7. Workpiece is finished off.
    8. Problems are reported timeously to appropriate personnel.
    9. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment.
    10. Safe working practices are adhered to.
    11. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained.

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Assembly and joining techniques
    2. Equipment, functions and tools
    3. Construction and use of jigs and fixtures
    4. Materials - thickness and types
    5. Hazards
    6. Safety practices
    7. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Record information on outcome of work and provide feedback to appropriate personnel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Materials / components are assembled and joined according to job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Materials are identified.
    2. Materials are inspected for conformance to drawing specifications.
    3. Appropriate mechanical and assembly methods are identified and applied.
    4. Appropriate calculations for joint and machining allowances are made.
    5. Jigs and fixtures are constructed (if required) and used according to job specifications.
    6. Materials are assembled and mechanically joined according to job specifications.
    7. Workpiece is finished off.
    8. Problems are reported timeously to appropriate personnel.
    9. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment.
    10. Safe working practices are adhered to.
    11. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained.

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Assembly and joining techniques
    2. Equipment, functions and tools
    3. Construction and use of jigs and fixtures
    4. Materials - thickness and types
    5. Hazards
    6. Safety practices
    7. Reporting and documentation 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Apply safe working practices and discuss issues related to safety of self, fellow workers, machines. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Apply safe working practices and discuss issues related to safety of self, fellow workers, machines, equipment, materials and the environment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Safe working practices include use of personal protective equipment and safe handling of material and equipment 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Materials / components are assembled and joined according to job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Materials are identified.
    2. Materials are inspected for conformance to drawing specifications.
    3. Appropriate mechanical and assembly methods are identified and applied.
    4. Appropriate calculations for joint and machining allowances are made.
    5. Jigs and fixtures are constructed (if required) and used according to job specifications.
    6. Materials are assembled and mechanically joined according to job specifications.
    7. Workpiece is finished off.
    8. Problems are reported timeously to appropriate personnel.
    9. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to work piece or equipment.
    10. Safe working practices are adhered to.
    11. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained.

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Assembly and joining techniques
    2. Equipment, functions and tools
    3. Construction and use of jigs and fixtures
    4. Materials - thickness and types
    5. Hazards
    6. Safety practices
    7. Reporting and documentation 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    My assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the MERSETA ETQA, which has the jurisdiction over this field of learning. My assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a technical qualification in this learning area.

    I can be assessed in the language of my choice although if I have to report incidents or conditions to someone else, I will be assessed on my ability to report in the language commonly used in my working environment.

    I will be assessed in the workplace but I can submit documents, projects, test results and assignments that were produced outside of the workplace.

    I can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits, or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names & functions of:
  • Tools and equipment
  • Assembly components
  • Personal protective equipment

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Types and strengths of materials
  • Types of mechanical joining methods
  • Hazards
  • Distortion
  • Shearing force

    Purpose of:
  • Calculations
  • Safety checks
  • Mechanical fasteners
  • Assembly methods
  • Correct identification of assembly components

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Implications of incorrectly constructing jigs and fixtures
  • Implications of using incorrect assembly and mechanical joining methods
  • Implications of ignoring hazards, distortions
  • Implications of incorrect selection of assembly components
  • Implications of defective tools and equipment
  • Implications of metal thickness for size of bolt diameter

    Procedures and techniques:
  • For assembly and mechanical joining
  • Construction of jigs and fixtures
  • For performing calculations
  • Safety procedures
  • Quality procedures
  • Recording and reporting procedures

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards

    Theory: rules, principles, laws
  • Assembly principles
  • Sizes of holes and bolts
  • Applicable national and international standards

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship between strength of fastener and force exerted 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Recognise problems while assembling and mechanically joining materials and respond appropriately
  • Hazards are recognised and preventative action taken
  • Distortions are recognised and corrected 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work together with others:
  • Contribute to workgroup effort 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job instructions and set up equipment appropriately 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Identifying non-conformances
  • Ongoing monitoring of assembly and joining process 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Record/report outcome of work to appropriate personnel 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Use international standards to determine backmarks, landings, pitches 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Understand and explain the purpose of assembling and mechanically joining materials in the fabrication industry. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58722   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  22870   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication (light or heavy)  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  MERSETA 
    Elective  58720   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  59750   National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Pipe-Fitting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  50543   National Certificate: Small Craft Construction  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-08-31  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    2. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    3. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    4. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    5. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    6. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    7. Eastcape Training Centre 
    8. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    9. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    10. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    11. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    12. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    13. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    14. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    15. PHATSIMA ENGINEERING TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT CC (Potchefstroom)(TP) 
    16. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    17. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    18. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    19. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    20. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    21. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    22. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    23. Wavelength T.T.I 
    24. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    25. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    26. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.