SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Form and shape sheetmetal using hand or power operated machines 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
12240  Form and shape sheetmetal using hand or power operated machines 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Forming and shaping flat sheet using hand or power operated machinery.

The skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard are required by people in the field of engineering fabrication, which includes boilermaking, sheetmetal working, welding and vehicle body building. The learning outcomes in this unit standard contribute to the exit level outcomes required for the National Certificate in Fabrication (NQF level 2) and related qualifications. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard has been designed as part of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for forming and shaping metals in the fabrication field.

The credits allocated to this unit standard assume that a learner has already learned to draw and interpret simple engineering drawings, to select, use and care for engineering hand and power tools and to select, use and care for engineering measuring equipment. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
A general guide to the scope, context conditions, and level at which I am expected to perform.
The scope and level of this unit standard is determined by the ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes. Work is performed under supervision. Forming includes cold forming and use of standard power operated machinery. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Prepare for work activity. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Interpret job instructions and determine sequence of operations
  • Select and prepare equipment for operation including routine maintenance and pre-operational checks
  • Check that equipment and materials required are at the workstation
  • Evaluate limitations of materials
  • Perform calculations
  • Mark off workpiece according to job requirements
  • Identify potential hazards and take preventative action 
  • OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Equipment includes bending rolls and bending presses
  • Material types include low carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, aluminium alloys and copper alloys
  • Section shapes include sheet materials, plate and structural sections
  • Material thickness ranges from 0.4 to 6mm 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fabricated items comply to job specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Operations are correctly sequenced
    3. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    4. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to workpiece or equipment
    5. Material limitations are evaluated correctly
    6. Applicable calculations are performed correctly
    7. Workpiece is correctly marked off
    8. Machines are correctly adjusted
    9. Outcomes are reported to supervisor
    10. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Identification of materials
    2. Equipment function and parts
    3. Marking off
    4. Forming and shaping operations
    5. Calculation process
    6. Quality checks
    7. Safety checks
    8. Hazards
    9. Advantages and disadvantages of forming and shaping techniques relative to material types 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Form and shape materials. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
  • Adjust machine settings
  • Carry out forming and shaping operations
  • Dispose of waste material
  • Store reusable materials 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fabricated items comply to job specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Operations are correctly sequenced
    3. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    4. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to workpiece or equipment
    5. Material limitations are evaluated correctly
    6. Applicable calculations are performed correctly
    7. Workpiece is correctly marked off
    8. Machines are correctly adjusted
    9. Outcomes are reported to supervisor
    10. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Identification of materials
    2. Equipment function and parts
    3. Marking off
    4. Forming and shaping operations
    5. Calculation process
    6. Quality checks
    7. Safety checks
    8. Hazards
    9. Advantages and disadvantages of forming and shaping techniques relative to material types 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Visually inspect and measure fabricated items for conformance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fabricated items comply to job specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Operations are correctly sequenced
    3. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    4. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to workpiece or equipment
    5. Material limitations are evaluated correctly
    6. Applicable calculations are performed correctly
    7. Workpiece is correctly marked off
    8. Machines are correctly adjusted
    9. Outcomes are reported to supervisor
    10. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Identification of materials
    2. Equipment function and parts
    3. Marking off
    4. Forming and shaping operations
    5. Calculation process
    6. Quality checks
    7. Safety checks
    8. Hazards
    9. Advantages and disadvantages of forming and shaping techniques relative to material types 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Identify and report non-conformances to appropriate personnel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fabricated items comply to job specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Operations are correctly sequenced
    3. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    4. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to workpiece or equipment
    5. Material limitations are evaluated correctly
    6. Applicable calculations are performed correctly
    7. Workpiece is correctly marked off
    8. Machines are correctly adjusted
    9. Outcomes are reported to supervisor
    10. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Identification of materials
    2. Equipment function and parts
    3. Marking off
    4. Forming and shaping operations
    5. Calculation process
    6. Quality checks
    7. Safety checks
    8. Hazards
    9. Advantages and disadvantages of forming and shaping techniques relative to material types 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Report outcomes of work done. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fabricated items comply to job specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Operations are correctly sequenced
    3. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    4. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to workpiece or equipment
    5. Material limitations are evaluated correctly
    6. Applicable calculations are performed correctly
    7. Workpiece is correctly marked off
    8. Machines are correctly adjusted
    9. Outcomes are reported to supervisor
    10. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Identification of materials
    2. Equipment function and parts
    3. Marking off
    4. Forming and shaping operations
    5. Calculation process
    6. Quality checks
    7. Safety checks
    8. Hazards
    9. Advantages and disadvantages of forming and shaping techniques relative to material types 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Apply safe working practices and discuss issues related to safety of self, fellow workers, machines 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Apply safe working practices and discuss issues related to safety of self, fellow workers, machines, equipment, materials and the environment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Safe working practices include use of appropriate personal protective equipment and safe handling of materials and equipment 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fabricated items comply to job specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Indicators:

    1. Job instructions are correctly interpreted and complied with
    2. Operations are correctly sequenced
    3. Correct equipment and tools are selected
    4. Equipment is set up to work safely and without damage to workpiece or equipment
    5. Material limitations are evaluated correctly
    6. Applicable calculations are performed correctly
    7. Workpiece is correctly marked off
    8. Machines are correctly adjusted
    9. Outcomes are reported to supervisor
    10. A clean and tidy work environment is maintained

    Understanding confirmed:

    Explain and discuss
    1. Identification of materials
    2. Equipment function and parts
    3. Marking off
    4. Forming and shaping operations
    5. Calculation process
    6. Quality checks
    7. Safety checks
    8. Hazards
    9. Advantages and disadvantages of forming and shaping techniques relative to material types 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    My assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the MERSETA ETQA, which has the jurisdiction over this field of learning. My assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a technical qualification in this learning area.

    I can be assessed in the language of my choice although if I have to report incidents or conditions to someone else, I will be assessed on my ability to report in the language commonly used in my working environment.

    I will be assessed in the workplace but I can submit documents, projects, test results and assignments that were produced outside of the workplace.

    I can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits, or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names & functions of:
  • Forming and shaping equipment

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Materials, their properties and characteristics
  • Hazards

    Purpose of:
  • Correct material identification
  • Forming tools and equipment
  • Quality checks on shaped and formed components

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Implications of incorrect shaping and forming techniques relative to material types
  • Implications of not identifying hazards
  • Implications of the relationship between size of material and equipment
  • Consequences of non-conformances

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Safe operating procedures for machinery
  • Identification of materials
  • Forming and shaping techniques
  • Procedures for adjusting forming and shaping machines
  • Safe handling of material
  • Safety procedures
  • Quality procedures
  • Reporting procedures

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards, including company procedures

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Calculations associated with regular shapes e.g. angles, mean diameter
  • Standards, tables and specifications for identification of materials

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship between size of material and equipment
  • Relationship between dimensions and shapes of materials and their effects on further processing 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Identification and prevention of hazards 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work together with others:
  • Participate in efforts of workgroup 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job instructions and adjust equipment appropriately 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Examine workpiece for non-conformances 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Report outcome of work to appropriate personnel 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Determine identity of materials from their characteristics 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Explain the effects of the dimensions and shape of components on further processing, assembly or joining of a formed or shaped component 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  22869   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  MERSETA 
    Core  58722   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  57881   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    2. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    3. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    4. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    5. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    6. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    7. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    8. CEBC Construction Engineering & Belting T/A CEBC - Welding School (DUR 
    9. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    10. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    11. Eastcape Training Centre 
    12. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    13. Further Education Trade Training 
    14. FVW Welding Academy(Johannesburg) (TP) 
    15. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Standerton Campus 
    16. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    17. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    18. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    19. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    20. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PORT ELIZABETH 
    21. Industry Training & Consulting cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    22. ITHEMBA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 
    23. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    24. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    25. Lapace Training Centre (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    26. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    27. Masiqhame Trading 81 cc T/A Kim's Welding School (AUSTERVILLE) (TP) 
    28. MERSETA TRAINING PROVIDERS 
    29. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    30. MSC Artisan Academy (Pty) Ltd T/A Master Artisan Academy SA (EAST LOND 
    31. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    32. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    33. PHATSIMA ENGINEERING TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT CC (Potchefstroom)(TP) 
    34. Rehoboth Welding Assessment & Training (JACBOS) (TP) 
    35. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    36. SAMSONS SCHOOL OF WELDING 
    37. Samsons School of Welding T/A Samsons Skills Development Institute (DU 
    38. Seasons Find 550 cc T/A Anthony's Welding Training Academy (MARBURG) ( 
    39. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    40. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    41. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    42. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    43. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    44. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    45. Swift Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd (Killarney Gardens) TP 
    46. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 
    47. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    48. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    49. The Skills College for Development & Training cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    50. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    51. Tshwane South Public FET College - Odi Campus 
    52. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    53. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    54. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    55. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    56. Wavelength T.T.I 
    57. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    58. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    59. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.