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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Demonstrate chemical and bacteriological sampling techniques and field tests 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
12042  Demonstrate chemical and bacteriological sampling techniques and field tests 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2005-02-09  2007-11-28  SAQA 1058/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-11-28   2011-11-28  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
246464  Conduct sampling for water and wastewater treatment processes  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The qualifying learner achieving this unit standard in combination with context expertise standard(s) will be able to take representative samples of water and wastewater and carry out field tests. The learner will be able to interpret this data and document it accurately onto a collection list. This competence will equip the learner with sampling skills, which underpin his / her ability to participate meaningfully in the testing process and prepare the learner for progression to investigative sampling techniques. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Numeracy NQF level 2;
Apply personal safety practices NQF level 2. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Sampling equipment:
Container (bucket, bottle etc.), rope etc.

Report/reported:
Verbal, written, ticked sample roster.

Responsible person:
Laboratory, person who will transport samples to laboratory.

Field-tests:
pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature and test kits.

Irregularities:
No sample, broken auto-sampling equipment etc. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Prepare sample bottles and sampling equipment in accordance with work policies and procedures 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Instructions are obtained and sampling route is planned. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Different sampling bottles are identified and uses are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Sampling bottles are cleaned and sterilised. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Correct labeling of sample bottles is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Correct sampling equipment is collected and checked. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Damaged sampling equipment is reported and corrective action is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Take chemical samples in accordance with standard methods 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Chemical sampling techniques are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Chemical sampling techniques are demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Use of intermediate sample scoop is demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Rinsing of final sample contained with sample liquid is demonstrated prior to final sample being taken. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Instances when final sample would not be rinsed are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Reasons why sample bottles should not to be filled to the top are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Take bacteriological samples in accordance with standard methods 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Bacteriological sampling techniques are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Bacteriological sampling techniques are demonstrated. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Carry out field tests 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Field tests are demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Field test equipment is used in accordance with work policies and procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Explain the collection of samples from auto-samplers 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Methods for collecting samples from auto-samplers are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Irregularities that may be found are explained and the reporting procedure is described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Hand over of samples to responsible person in accordance with work policies and procedures 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Samples are handed over to responsible person. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Reports are completed accurately and handed over to responsible person. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Irregularities encountered during sampling round are reported. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA`s policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners should have a knowledge and understanding of:
  • Basic water and wastewater microbiology
  • Basic water and wastewater chemistry
  • Different sampling techniques
  • Different sampling localities on a wastewater works and rivers
  • Knowledge of the importance of sterilisation techniques in bacteriological sampling
  • Sample preservation
  • Sample storage for transportation
  • Basic water quality principles
  • Knowledge of different types of samples (composite, grab, continuous) and when they would be applicable
  • Safe storage of chemicals
  • Basic knowledge of Microbiological and chemical tests for water and wastewater samples. (pH, COD, OA, BOD, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, alkalinity, phosphates, total hardness, suspended solids, total solids, settled solids, dissolved solids, volatile acids, faecal coli, total coliforms, E-coli, total plate count, turbidity, conductivity, pH, dissolved oxygen and free chlorine)
  • Knowledge of inherent dangerous insects and snakes
  • Awareness of health risks associated with water sampling and precautions that can be taken to minimise such risks
  • Awareness of the dangers of falling into the stream being sampled
  • Awareness of security risks especially at night or in lonely places 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Damaged sampling equipment is reported and corrective action is explained.
  • Irregularities that may be found are explained and the reporting procedure is described.
  • Irregularities encountered during sampling round are reported. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Samples are handed over to responsible person.
  • Reports are completed accurately and handed over to responsible person.
  • Irregularities encountered during sampling round are reported. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Plan, organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Instructions are obtained and sampling route is planned. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Instances when final sample would not be rinsed are explained.
  • Irregularities encountered during sampling round are reported. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Irregularities encountered during sampling round are reported. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 246464, which is "Conduct sampling for water and wastewater treatment processes", Level 2, 4 credits.

    Integrated assessment:

    When conducting assessments, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text of the unit standards being assessed. Assessors must ensure that the assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge by developing assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the learners are working. These activities and tools may include self-assessment, peer assessment, formative and summative assessment. It may be more effective and efficient to assess a number of unit standards together in an integrated way, thus reducing the overall number of assessments and ensuring that commonalities that exist between a number of unit standards are captured in a way that makes sense for assessment.

    Assessment option:

    Learners could be assessed using the following methods:
    Oral or written questions
    Observation
    Product sample reports, log book, test results 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  22673   National Certificate: Wastewater Process Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-11-28  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  24193   National Certificate: Water Purification Process Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-11-28  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  23708   National Certificate: Community Water, Sanitation and Health Facilitation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2008-06-11  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. MOTHEO SKILLS ENTITY ( PTY) LLTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.