SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Provide risk based primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder in the workplace 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120336  Provide risk based primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder in the workplace 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Occupational Health and Safety 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Preventive Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2005-11-30  2008-02-06  SAQA 1063/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2009-02-06   2012-02-06  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
254220  Provide primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The purpose of the learning is to enable the first responder in the workplace to prevent and respond to health emergencies at an advanced level.

Qualifying learners are able to:
  • Demonstrate the principles of advanced primary emergency care in all health emergencies for people in the workplace.
  • Sustain advanced level of preparedness to deal with emergencies in the workplace.
  • Assess and manage a multiple injured emergency scene/disaster in the workplace.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of anatomy and physiology of the human body and the specific disorders and diseases relating to each system.
  • Demonstrate primary emergency life support for adults in the workplace.
  • Explain and manage shock.
  • Conduct secondary assessment of the sick or injured person(s) and maintain appropriate primary emergency care. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    NQF Level 2 or equivalent will facilitate better understanding and proficiency in obtaining this Unit Standard.

    In order for the learner to achieve this unit standard the learner must already be competent in:
  • Unit Standard 'Provide basic risk based primary emergency care in the workplace as first responder'.
  • Unit Standard 'Apply knowledge of HIV/AIDS to a specific business sector and a workplace' (ID 114941).

    Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

    This unit standard can be achieved in part, through recognition of prior learning. Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including previous current (within 2 year period) international or local primary emergency care/first aid qualifications, reports, testimonials, mentoring, functions performed, portfolios, work records and performance records. As such, evidence should be judged according to the general principles of assessment described in the notes to assessors below. Learners who have met the requirements of this Unit Standard may apply for recognition of prior learning to the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance (ETQA) body. The applicant must be assessed against the specific outcomes and with the assessment criteria of this Unit Standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard addresses the prevention, recognition and management of a range of occupational risks/emergencies for persons according to current and internationally accepted emergency care protocols. This unit standard builds upon the unit standard at level 2, "Provide risk based primary emergency care in the workplace", and learners should only be assessed on this level 3 unit standard if they have already achieved the level 2 unit standard. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate the principles of primary emergency care in all health emergencies for persons in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The aims of emergency care are identified and explained with relevance to the risks of the specific workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Universal precautions used during treatment of sick and injured are identified and their purpose and application correctly explained and demonstrated in terms of excepted health procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Personal protective equipment must include; surgical gloves, mouthpieces/respiration devices protective clothing including improvisation.
  • Universal precaution procedures must cover the safe management of body fluid spills.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The specific risk based medico-legal implications of the risk based primary emergency care are identified and explained in terms of existing relevant legislation and regulations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Sustain advanced level of preparedness to deal with emergencies in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Legal responsibilities are identified and explained as per current legislation and applicable regulations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The legislated rescue and first aid equipment and any additional risk based equipment applicable to the specific workplace is identified and demonstrated in accordance with their given uses. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Legislated and risk based first aid equipment storage and maintenance is described and demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The level of preparedness is in accordance with the specific risk profile of the workplace and such that emergencies can be attended to immediately. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Assess and manage a multiple injured emergency scene/disaster in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Potential disasters are identified in terms of their likelihood of occurrence in the specific workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principles and implementation methods of the disaster management plan in the work place are explained in terms of activation, establishment and maintenance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The potential health hazards that may result in a multiple injured emergency scene/disaster are identified and explained in accordance with the causes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Mobilisation of emergency services relevant to the workplace and the needs are explained effectively. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Mechanisms and resources that can be utilised in threatening disaster situations in the workplace are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The method of triage is explained in accordance with the accepted International Code. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Available resources required to manage a multiple injury emergency scene/disaster in the workplace until the relevant emergency services arrive are identified and their organisation and control described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The management of secondary assessment and continual care is explained and discussed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The method of reporting and possible revision of the disaster plan is explained in terms of the workplace policies. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of anatomy and physiology of the human body and the specific disorders and diseases relating to each system. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Topography, nervous system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, musculo-skeletal system, digestive system, genito-urinary system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explanations of applied anatomy and physiology are consistent with scientifically accepted terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Common disorders and diseases relevant to each system of the body are identified and described in terms of signs and symptoms and emergency care treatment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Nervous system; head injuries; epileptic seizures; poisoning; febrile diseases; hyper/hypothermia; occupational illnesses relevant to the workplace.
    Cardio-vascular system: Angina; heart attack; myocardial infarction; heart failure.
    Respiratory system: Near drowning; poisonous chemical inhalation; asthma; emphysema; haemo thorax; pneumo thorax; tension pneumo thorax; sucking chest wound; flail chest, pleurisy.
    Digestive system: Poisons; dehydration; re-hydration; abdominal pain; bowel evisceration.
    Musculo-skeletal system: Fractures; bone diseases; osteoporosis; dislocations; sprains; strains.
    Genito-urinary system: Emergency childbirth; waterborne diseases specific to disaster situations.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate primary emergency life support for adults, children and infants according to current international protocols. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • According to international accepted protocols.
  • Appropriately sized manikins must be used for the purpose of this assessment. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Primary survey is conducted; signs and symptoms are identified and recorded according to accepted emergency procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Choking person(s) are managed according to international accepted protocols. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    All workplace conditions and incidences.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Rescue breathing is explained and demonstrated according to accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    One/two rescuer Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is explained and demonstrated with the use of barrier ventilation devices according to accepted protocols utilizing appropriately sized manikins. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    CPR mouthpiece, pocket mask, bag-valve-mask.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Recovery position with or without spinal board and spider harness is demonstrated according to the safety and comfort of the patient. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Transportation of the patient is managed appropriately and in accordance with accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) machine is explained and demonstrated according to international protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Oxygen therapy is explained and demonstrated according to international protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Blood pressure is explained and the method and recording is demonstrated according to international procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    Pulse sites are described and explained and pulse monitoring is demonstrated and recorded according to international accepted procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Carotid/radial/brachial/paedal pulses.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Explain and manage shock. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Cardiogenic, hypovolaemic, psycogenic, anaphylactic, neurogenic. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different types of shock are explained, identified and managed according to accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Complications of shock are described and preventive measures are explained according to accepted procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
    Conduct secondary assessment of the sick or injured person and provide appropriate advanced primary emergency care. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A secondary assessment correctly identifies the nature of the sickness or injury and the emergency care required. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    External and internal haemorrhage is identified and appropriately controlled according to current accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Crush injuries are explained and treated according to accepted procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Eye injuries are explained and treated according to accepted procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Occupational induced burns are explained and treated according to accepted procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Radiation burns; arc eye; chemical burns; explosions (Large exposure burn.).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Transportation of patients is effected in an holistic manner using available transportation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    To include transportation from deep rural and inaccessible areas.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a candidate against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following knowledge is embedded within the unit standard, and will be assessed directly or implicitly through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the assessment criteria:
  • Emergency materials, equipment and/or appropriate improvisation.
  • The scope of practice of a first responder.
  • Patient consent and recording.
  • Primary and secondary assessment within a multiple injured emergency scene/disaster.
  • Applied anatomy and physiology.
  • Primary emergency life support at an advanced level.
  • Recovery position with spinal board.
  • Principles of primary emergency health care.
  • Transportation of the patient is managed.
  • Oxygen administration.
  • Measurement of blood pressure and pulse.
  • Management of various types of shock.
  • Management of external and internal bleeding (haemorrhage).
  • Management of crush injuries.
  • Management of eye injuries.
  • Occupational induced burns.
  • Universal precautions regarding safe management of blood and body fluids.
  • Specific management of sick or injured adults, children or infants in health emergencies. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems regarding the mechanisms of injuries and make decisions, using critical and creative thinking, regarding the prevention of complications, referral systems to use and the treatment to be provided with improvisation where equipment is unavailable. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a first response team, safety response team, Emergency Medical Services, South African Defence Force and civil protection/disaster services. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage activities responsibly in respect of scene control, establishing the order of treatment (triage) and managing the first response team effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Assess, analyse and critically evaluate information with regards signs and symptoms and explain meanings and results. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical, and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations when managing the sick or injured person, the team and when reporting effectively to emergency health personnel indicates proficiency. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically with regard to information and communication systems used to mobilise the emergency services and correctly utilising available emergency equipment responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems as applied to the management of emergency situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 254220, which is "Provide primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder", Level 3, 8 credits.

    This unit standard was Gazetted on 21 October 2005 with the title 'Provide primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder in the workplace'. However, it has subsequently been agreed that the title should be 'Provide risk based primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder in the workplace'.

    Credit justification:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcomes:

    Activity
  • Classroom learning: 32 hours
  • On-the-job/scenarios/roll plays: 16 hours
  • Coaching required : 2 hours
  • Self directed learning: 8 hours
    Total: 60 hours

    Credits achieved: 6 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  79806   National Certificate: Occupational Hygiene and Safety  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  57803   Further Education and Training Certificate: Fire and Rescue Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AfroXpert Performance Developement cc 
    2. Agisanang SA Training 
    3. All Access Holdings 
    4. AM Risk and Training (PTY) LTD. 
    5. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    6. ASARA Training Academy(Pty) Ltd 
    7. Asiphokuhle Training and Research Institute 
    8. Buffalo City Fire & Emergency Services Trainig Academy 
    9. City Of Cape Town - FIRE and Rescue Services Training Academy 
    10. City of Johannesburg Emergency Services Training Academy 
    11. City of Tshwane Community Safety - FIRE 
    12. Dkj Paramedic College Cc 
    13. Ekurhuleni Metropolitian Municipal Emergency Services Training Academy 
    14. Ethekwini Fire and Disaster Management Services 
    15. ETS Emergency Training Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    16. Fire Protection Association of Southern Africa 
    17. Goldfields Emergency Fire Services Training Academy 
    18. Impact Emergency Technologies CC 
    19. Isibuko Group Pty Ltd 
    20. Josmap Training Institute 
    21. K Shabangu FET College 
    22. Kalideen Management 
    23. Kephama Training Solutions 
    24. Kgolo Institute 
    25. Khara Hais Local Municipality/Emergency Services Training Academy 
    26. Khosithi Training 
    27. KMJL Solution (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Letlhokoa Management Services CC 
    29. LO Tantsi Fire Consultants CC. 
    30. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    31. Misol Projects cc 
    32. MODIKWA PLATINUM MINE 
    33. Mohlaje Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Nelson Mandela Fire,Emergency & Rescue Service Training Centre 
    35. NIRVANA OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & RESCUE TRAINING 
    36. Ntsangalala Business Enterprise 
    37. Pholoha Projects and PPE Suppliers (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    39. Rescu-Life Africa (Pty) LTD. 
    40. Riverport Training Academy 
    41. RLSTP Training & Development (PTY) LTD. 
    42. Rural Metro Emergency Management Services (PTY)LTD 
    43. SASOL GLOBAL LEARNING 
    44. Sasol Secunda - Emergency Management Training Academy 
    45. Sekhukhune District Municipality EMS Training Academy 
    46. St Francis Fire & Safety Learning Academy 
    47. TCEP (Pty) Ltd 
    48. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    49. Thuto Lere Community Empowerment Programme 
    50. Tshwane Leadership & Management Academy/Tshwane Metro Police 
    51. Tsoga re dire Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    52. Vhutshilo Health And Training Organisation 
    53. Vicmat Consultants 
    54. Zanda Izifiso Ezinhle 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.