SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Demonstrate knowledge of water cycle, water and wastewater systems and processes 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
12033  Demonstrate knowledge of water cycle, water and wastewater systems and processes 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2005-02-09  2007-11-28  SAQA 1058/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-11-28   2011-11-28  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
246463  Demonstrate knowledge of water cycle, water and wastewater systems and processes  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A qualifying learner will be able to explain the elements of the water cycle and water catchment management and gain a broad perspective of the water sector including relevant legislation. This knowledge will equip the learner with the foundational knowledge and understanding of water that is required to function effectively within the water sector as this knowledge is required in all areas. This competence will enable the learner to value water as a scarce resource and share this knowledge to improve community understanding of the importance of conserving water resources. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Literacy NQF level 1. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Elements of the water cycle:
Climate, evaporation, rain/snowfall, underground water, springs, rivers, lakes, oceans, dams, bulk water services, forestry and agriculture, reticulation services, industry, mining, environmental issues, alien plants, catchment management, water treatment, wastewater treatment, pollution.

Water catchment:
Domestic, agriculture, recreational (contact & non contact), environment, industry (formal and informal).

Pollution:
Air pollution, human activities, industrial pollution and mining pollution.

National water legislation:
National Water Act and the Water Services Act. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Identify and explain the elements of the natural water cycle 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The water cycle is drawn including all the elements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. All element of the water cycle are identified and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Relationship of elements to each other are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Explain the principles of water catchment 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Water flow in a catchment is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Recognised water uses within a catchment are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Recognised impacts from water users are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The economic importance of water is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Ways to conserve water are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. The principle of charging for water and wastewater treatment and water distribution is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Explain the concepts of ground water collection and abstraction 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The principles of ground water and its role in the water cycle are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Ground water trapped in aquifers, fractures and sand is identified and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Ground water collection and extraction is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Principles of resource management of boreholes are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Natural sources of filtration. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Explain the concepts of surface water collection and abstraction 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The flow of surface water and its role in the water cycle is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Surface water collection and extraction is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Principles of resource management of surface water are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Identify possible sources of pollution of water and explain appropriate corrective action 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Sources of pollution of ground water are identified and corrective action is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Ways to prevent contamination of boreholes are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Self-purification of rivers and streams is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The role of the water process operator in preventing the contamination of water resources is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Explain relevant legislation within the water sector 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Relevant national water legislation and licensing are identified and the purposes are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The purpose of a water use license is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Relevant environmental legislation is identified and the purposes are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The purpose of municipal by-laws is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
Identify and explain common water and sanitation related diseases 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Diseases commonly related to water and sanitation are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Measures that can be taken to prevent disease are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The link between polluted water and disease is explained. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA`s policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners should have a knowledge and understanding of:
  • Ways of preventing the contamination of water and the importance of doing this
  • Alternative methods of collecting water
  • The importance and role of indicator organisms in water in assessing the safety of water
  • The role played by pathogens in the contamination and treatment of water
  • The principles of water treatment
  • The principles of wastewater treatment
  • Water reticulation
  • Sewerage systems
  • Disposal, recycle and reuse of treated wastewater
  • Problems with invader plants in a water catchment area (dams, rivers, lakes)
  • Zones of self-purification
  • The impact of seasons and different water tables on boreholes
  • The importance of knowing relevant water legislation
  • The principles on which the National Water Act is based
  • The role of safe, clean water in the prevention of disease 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Sources of pollution of ground water are identified and corrective action is explained.
  • Ways to prevent contamination of boreholes are explained.
  • Self purification of rivers and streams is explained.
  • The role of the water process operator in preventing the contamination of water resources is explained.
  • The link between polluted water and disease is explained. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community.

    Assessment criteria:
  • None. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Plan, organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively.

    Assessment criteria:
  • None. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Sources of pollution of ground water are identified and corrective action is explained.
  • Ways to prevent contamination of boreholes are explained.
  • Self purification of rivers and streams is explained.
  • The role of the water process operator in preventing the contamination of water resources is explained.
  • The link between polluted water and disease is explained. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Relevant national water legislation and licensing are identified and the purposes are explained.
  • The purpose of a water use license is explained.
  • Relevant environmental legislation is identified and the purposes are explained.
  • The link between polluted water and disease is explained. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 246463, which is "Demonstrate knowledge of water cycle, water and wastewater systems and processes", Level 2, 5 credits.

    Integrated Assessment:

    When conducting assessments, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text of the unit standards being assessed. Assessors must ensure that the assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge by developing assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the learners are working. These activities and tools may include self-assessment, peer assessment, formative and summative assessment. It may be more effective and efficient to assess a number of unit standards together in an integrated way, thus reducing the overall number of assessments and ensuring that commonalities that exist between a number of unit standards are captured in a way that makes sense for assessment.

    Assessment Option:

    Learners will be assessed through the following methods:
    Oral or written questions 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23473   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Promotion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2008-06-11  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  22673   National Certificate: Wastewater Process Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-11-28  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  48907   National Certificate: Wastewater Reticulation Services  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-06-09  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  24193   National Certificate: Water Purification Process Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-11-28  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  23475   National Certificate: Water Reticulation Services  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Elective  49605   National Certificate: Environmental Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. 4CUS TRADING AND PROJECTS 
    2. A4 Consultancy CC 
    3. ABA Sebenzi 
    4. ABEMS Training Institute (PTY) Ltd. 
    5. Agisanang SA Training 
    6. AL Abbott and Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    7. Alpha Business Consultants 
    8. Amabamba Recruitment 
    9. ARBINET TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT 
    10. Atlegang Training Consulting 
    11. AVAX SA 481 CC. T/A Mandisa Development Services 
    12. AZIFANI PROJECTS AND TRANSPORT (PTY) LTD 
    13. Azitjhewi Construction 
    14. BALOMAT SKILLS TRAINING ACADEMY 
    15. Bantubanye Skills 
    16. Big Start Training and Development 
    17. Bikologix Projects 
    18. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    19. Boni Africa Events & Development 
    20. Buena Vista Learning Academy 
    21. Bull's Business and Skills Training Institute 
    22. Classic Human Capital Solutions 
    23. Colgene Group 
    24. Cre8ive Organisational Development 
    25. CTC College(PTY) LTD. 
    26. D&D Lwazi Development Institute 
    27. Dean Institute Of Learning (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Dee's Training (PTY) LTD 
    29. Ditirelo Skills Development Services 
    30. DONNYBROOK EDUCATION AND TRAINING COLLEGE 
    31. Edutraining Business College 
    32. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Germiston Campus 
    33. ELASON PRO-ACTIVE SECURITY (PTY) LTD 
    34. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    35. Environmental Leadership Academy 
    36. Essential Skills 
    37. Fire Protection Association of Southern Africa 
    38. Glere Skills and Consultants 
    39. Globalwise Training & Consulting (PTY) Ltd. 
    40. Goitsikitso Enterprise Trading 
    41. Growth Management Consulting 
    42. HDPSA 
    43. Heavenly Button Trading CC 
    44. Heros Fire Protection Services cc 
    45. HIZONEX PTY LTD 
    46. Hlombe and Associates 
    47. HS GLOBAL SKILLS BUSINESS SOLUTIONS 
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    49. INFRASTRUCTURE CONSULTING ENGINEERS CC 
    50. Institute for Local Government and Housing 
    51. Institute of Health and Social Care Studies 
    52. INTEGRATED ADULT TRAINING 
    53. IQ Skills Academy (PTY) LTD. 
    54. ITO Focus Reagile 
    55. Jobafrik Consulting 
    56. Jomash Construction 
    57. Josmap Training Institute 
    58. Kalideen Management 
    59. KAREUBO MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 
    60. Kernel Management and Consulting (PTY) LTD. 
    61. Kgolo Institute 
    62. KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION 
    63. Kokilesedi Trading 
    64. Kuyakhula Development Initiatives 
    65. Leronsa Trading Enterprise 
    66. Letlhokoa Management Services CC 
    67. M.I.C. Training and Development 
    68. Mahayi HRD Services cc 
    69. Makavila Suppliers CC. 
    70. Mangalani Business Enterprises 
    71. Marcado Human Resources Strategies 
    72. MashMP Holdings 
    73. Mashphe Logistics Services 
    74. Mazasa Management Consulting CC. 
    75. Mcebo Technologies 
    76. Mestel Training Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    77. Mgwezane Training and Events Management CC. 
    78. Miczo's Enterprise 
    79. Misol Projects cc 
    80. Mission Point Consulting 
    81. Mod-Mosh Projects and Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    82. MOTHEO SKILLS ENTITY ( PTY) LLTD 
    83. Networx for Career Development 
    84. NEW HOPE REVIVAL ORGANISATION 
    85. NJ & L Trading Enterprise CC. 
    86. Nkqubela Community Developers 
    87. NS Global Academy 
    88. Nsuku Management Consultants 
    89. NTLEMO PROJECTS 
    90. Ntsangalala Business Enterprise 
    91. Nyankwavi Investment CC. 
    92. OMNI HR CONSULTING PTY LTD 
    93. OSHIKATI 
    94. Pebetse Training and Consulting 
    95. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    96. Power Rush Trading 170 CC. 
    97. Powernexus 
    98. PRAXIS TRAINING AND CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
    99. Puseletso Trading and Projects 
    100. Quick Leap Investment 
    101. RLSTP Training & Development (PTY) LTD. 
    102. Seige Trading Solutions 
    103. Senelo Trading CC 
    104. Siljeur Training Academy 
    105. SmartMatta (Pty) Ltd 
    106. SOUTH AFRICA ADVANCED SKILLS INSTITUTE 
    107. Spring Forest Trading 578 CC 
    108. STARPLEX 408 CC 
    109. Talent Emporium Academy (PTY) Ltd 
    110. Thando Consulting Services 
    111. The Crimson CO CC. 
    112. Thembeni Skills Development Trading and Projects 
    113. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    114. TLD Consulting 
    115. Township Fire and Rescure (Pty) Ltd 
    116. Tshedza Training Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    117. Tshisimani Holdings (PTY) Ltd. 
    118. Tshwane Skills Training Centre 
    119. Twin Peak Technologies 
    120. UGUDA TRAINING SERVICES 
    121. Ukhamba Quality Skills 
    122. Umfolozi FET College 
    123. University of Venda 
    124. Vicmat Consultants 
    125. WARTHOG ENGINEERING PROJECTS 
    126. Wildlife and Enviroment Society of South Africa 
    127. XL AT Consulting CC 
    128. Ya Hina Management Consulting and projects 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.