SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Provide support to child victims of abuse, neglect and exploitation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120081  Provide support to child victims of abuse, neglect and exploitation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Victim Empowerment 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies People/Human-Centred Development 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard will enable learners to acquire an in depth understanding of child victimisation in South Africa with specific reference to the nature, types and impact of abuse, neglect and exploitation and the application of relevant legislation as prescribed by international instruments, South African legislation and departmental policies.

The purpose of this Unit Standard is to expand learner's knowledge of child abuse, neglect and exploitation. Qualifying learners will be able to offer direct support to victims of child abuse and neglect, co-ordinate child violence programmes in their community and apply relevant legislation and policies under the supervision of a mental health professional.

Learners accredited with this Unit Standard will be capable of:
  • Contextualising child victimisation within Victim Empowerment in South Africa
  • Interpreting and applying relevant legislation, policies and procedures in respect of child abuse, neglect and exploitation
  • Planning, co-ordinating and implementing child violence programmes
  • Providing support services to victims of child abuse, neglect and exploitation 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that a learner will be competent in:
  • Communication at NQF level 3 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF level 3 or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Range of socio-historical context in South Africa includes, but is not limited to: Colonial and Apartheid history, patriarchal ideology, cycles of violence, poverty, stereotypes, myths, religious an cultural contexts, etc.

    Range of gender violence offences includes, but is not limited to: domestic violence, rape, indecent assault, bestiality, sexual abuse, sodomy, etc.

    Range of national and international instruments include, but is not limited to: South African Constitution and Bill of Rights, CEDAW, United Nations Convention on Rights of Children, Sexual Offences Bill, Criminal Procedures Act, Sentencing Framework Bill, White Paper on Correctional Services, etc.

    Range of departmental policies include, but is not limited to: National Victim Empowerment Integrated Policy, Services Charter for Victims, South African Police Services Victim Empowerment Policy, etc.

    Range of local, provincial and national structures includes, but is not limited to: Victim Empowerment structures, CPF structures, Community Safety Forums, etc.

    Range of support includes, but is not limited to: legal services, emotional support, practical assistance, etc.

    Range of interviewing skills include, but is not limited to: listening skills, non-judgemental attitude, empathy, cultural sensitivity, reflection, summary, feedback, etc.

    Range of prevention programmes includes, but is not limited to: gender, socialisation and healthy relationships, conflict resolution, anger management, sexuality, community education and awareness, youth at risk, perpetrators, etc. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Contextualise child victimisation within Victim Empowerment in South Africa. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The complexity and the socio-historical context of violence in South Africa and its consequences for children are explained with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Colonial and Apartheid history, patriarchal ideology, disruption of family systems, cycles of violence, poverty, stereotypes, myths, religious an cultural contexts, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The nature and extent of victimisation and exploitation affecting children in South Africa is described and its impact explained using relevant examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Physical and psychological/emotional/verbal abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, child prostitution, child trafficking, prostitution, homicide, neglect, bullying, child labour, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The impact and consequences of HIV/AIDS in relation to child victimisation in South African communities are explained using appropriate case studies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A situational analysis of current interventions in South Africa to prevent, reduce and address child victimisation and exploitation in the family, schools, local communities and society is described with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Child - a person under the age of 18 years.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Interpret and apply relevant legislation, policies and procedures in respect of child abuse, neglect and exploitation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    South African legislation, policies and procedures with regard to child abuse, neglect and exploitation is explained in accordance with relevant National and international instruments. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    International Conventions: UN Convention on Rights of the Child; African Charter on Rights of the Child; South African Constitution and Bill of Rights, Children's Bill and Regulations; Child Justice Bill and Regulations; White Paper for Social Welfare (1997); Department of Social Development minimum norms and standards relating to child rights, National Policy Framework and strategic plan for the prevention and management of child abuse, neglect and exploitation, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Relevant departmental and organisational policies with regard to dealing with child and youth violence are identified and key provisions explained with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Stakeholders in the prevention of and addressing child abuse and neglect include Department of Education, Social Development SAPS, Justice, Health, NGO's CBO's, Churches, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Legal and civil remedies and procedures available to victims of child abuse, neglect and exploitation are described with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The effectiveness of the implementation of current legislative provisions in addressing child victimisation is evaluated discussed using case studies. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Plan, co-ordinate and implement child violence programmes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A needs assessment for addressing child victimisation in a specific community is developed according to organisational procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Key issues to be included in the needs assessment, includes, but is not limited to: mapping of social economic circumstances, number of children and youth in community, child headed families, number of schools, safety needs/gaps, extra curricular activities, unsupervised children, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    An appropriate inter-sectoral plan with key performance indicators for addressing child victimisation in a specific community is developed as per organisational policy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A memorandum of understanding, with relevant role-players, that clearly outlines different roles and responsibilities with regard to addressing child violence in a specific community is developed according to organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Appropriate local, provincial and national structures for addressing child victimisation are identified and described with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Local, provincial and national structures includes, but is not limited to: Victim Empowerment structures, Community Policing Forums, Community Safety Forums, Relevant child protection agencies, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Tools/mechanisms to monitor and evaluate the quality and effectiveness of inter-sectoral service delivery is identified and developed in accordance with organisational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Regular progress reports are submitted to the respective manager according to organisational requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Provide support services to child victims of abuse, neglect and exploitation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The developmental stages of children are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Physical and emotional/psychological consequences of abuse and neglect on children are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The different levels and types of support required by victims of child violence is described in accordance with the organisational resources, policies and procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Support includes, but is not limited to: legal services, emotional support, counselling, practical assistance, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Appropriate interviewing skills to assess victims' needs and obtain relevant information for support and referral according to organisational guidelines or code of conduct. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Interviewing skills includes, but is not limited to: listening skills, non-judgemental attitude, empathy, cultural sensitivity, reflection, summary, feedback, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Victims of child abuse and neglect are assisted according to organisational guidelines or code of conduct. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    A comprehensive intake report is compiled to determine victims' needs and referral options in accordance with organisational policy. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Explain preventative strategies in child and youth violence, including working with perpetrators. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Preventative strategies in the context of child and youth violence is defined and described in line with the National Policy Framework and Strategic Plan for the prevention and management of child abuse, neglect and exploitation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different prevention programmes relevant to child and youth violence is identified and briefly described in terms of their focus and objectives using case studies. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Prevention programmes includes, but is not limited to: gender, socialisation and healthy relationships, conflict resolution, anger management, sexuality, community education and awareness, youth at risk, perpetrators, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The rationale and philosophy of working with perpetrators of child and youth violence is explained in accordance with appropriate National and international instruments. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Relevant legislation and conditions governing referrals to programmes for perpetrators of child and youth violence is explained in accordance with relevant National and international instruments. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Moderation:
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard and the related Exit Level Outcomes of the Qualification must be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • External Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The accredited Training Provider will oversee internal moderation of assessment.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in this Unit Standard as well as the integrated competence described in the Exit Level Outcome of the Qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS)
  • Integrated Victim Empowerment Policy
  • South African Constitution and Bill of Rights
  • United Nations Commission on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women
  • United Nations Convention on Rights of Children
  • Sexual Offences Bill
  • Criminal Procedures Act (Amended)
  • Sentencing Framework Bill
  • White Paper on Correctional Services
  • Multidisciplinary Glossary for the Victim Empowerment sector (Themba Lesizwe, 2005)
  • Service charter and minimum standards on services for victims of crime (2004)
  • South African Police Services Victim Empowerment Policy
  • National policy framework and strategic plan for the prevention and management of child abuse, neglect and exploitation 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems associated with providing interventions for child victims of abuse and neglect using responsible decision-making and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community on a daily basis to effectively provide interventions child victims of abuse and neglect. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to cope with the stress, burnout and vicarious trauma of providing interventions child victims of abuse and neglect. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using appropriate modes of oral and/or written persuasion in dealing with child victims of abuse and neglect in a multidisciplinary and inter-sectoral approach to service delivery. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world, as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving for child victims of abuse and neglect exists in a variety of contexts. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
  • Assessors must be registered as assessors with a relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49688   National Certificate: Victim Empowerment  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 
    Elective  67509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  49836   Further Education and Training Certificate: Gender Practice  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 
    Elective  49872   Further Education and Training Certificate: Victim Empowerment Co-ordination  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Childline South Africa 
    2. Glicam Trading Enterprise 
    3. Johannesburg Child Welfare Society 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.