SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain Victim Empowerment programmes using the public health approach and principles of social justice 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120078  Explain Victim Empowerment programmes using the public health approach and principles of social justice 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Victim Empowerment 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies People/Human-Centred Development 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The purpose of this Unit Standard is to equip the learner with an understanding of the causes and consequences of crime, violence and victimisation of individuals and the community from a social justice and public health perspective. This will help learners in the field to initiate, co-ordinate and participate effectively in the provision of multi-disciplinary Victim Empowerment service delivery.

Learners accredited with this Unit Standard will be capable of:
  • Describing the key concepts, principles and rationale relating to Victim Empowerment.
  • Explaining the implications of a public health approach for Victim Empowerment service delivery.
  • Describing the implications of social and restorative justice principles and the developmental approach for Victim Empowerment services.
  • Discussing the impact of service provision to victims of crime and violence in South Africa. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that a learner will be competent in:
  • Communication at NQF level 3 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF level 3 or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Range of victims include, but is not limited to: victims of crime, violence and human rights abuses, war and political violence e.g. Victims of torture, refugees, political prisoners, ex-combatants, victims of motor vehicle accidents, natural and man-made disasters, etc.

    Range of core concepts include, but are not limited to: restorative justice, victims, vulnerability, cycles of violence, marginalised groups, multi-disciplinary co-operation, primary, secondary and tertiary prevention, crime prevention, early intervention, etc.

    Range of National government funded Victim Support schemes exist in, but are not limited to: United Kingdom, Netherlands, United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc.

    Range of concepts includes, but is not limited to: caring and compassion, self-determination, health, social and cultural diversity, participation and collaboration, support for community structures, social justice and accountability, etc. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the key concepts, principles and rationale relating to Victim Empowerment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Categories of victims and victimisation are illustrated with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Victims include, but is not limited to: victims of crime, violence and human rights abuses, war and political violence e.g. victims of torture, refugees, political prisoners, ex-combatants, victims of motor vehicle accidents, natural and man-made disasters, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The core concepts in Victim Empowerment are described according to the Integrated Victim Empowerment Policy. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Core concepts include, but are not limited to: restorative justice, victims, vulnerability, cycles of violence, marginalised groups, multi-disciplinary co-operation, primary, secondary and tertiary prevention, crime prevention, early intervention, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The rationale for and development of Victim Empowerment internationally is explained and contrasted with developments in South Africa in accordance with relevant legislation and policies. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    National government funded Victim Support schemes exist in, but are not limited to: United Kingdom, Netherlands, United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the implications of a public health approach for Victim Empowerment service delivery. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The public health approach to crime and violence is defined according to the World Report on Violence and Health. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ecological model to examine and understand the causes of violence is explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of prevention strategies in a public health approach to violence are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The implications and benefits of a public health approach for Victim Empowerment services are explained according to organisational procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the implications of social justice and restorative justice principles and the developmental approach for Victim Empowerment services. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Social and restorative justice and the developmental approach to service delivery is defined as understood in the Victim Empowerment sector. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Key principles of social justice are listed and described with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Core concepts and principles of the developmental approach to social services are listed with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Concepts includes, but is not limited to: caring and compassion, self-determination, health, social and cultural diversity, participation and collaboration, support for community structures, social justice and accountability, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Core principles of a restorative versus a retributive approach to working with perpetrators and the impact and involvement of victims are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Current restorative approaches used in South Africa are evaluated for service delivery within the Victim Empowerment sector. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Discuss the impact of service provision to victims of crime and violence in South Africa. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Key legislation and policies that guide the implementation of Victim Empowerment services are identified and implications for one's own department/division/organisation are explained in the South African context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Victims needs and rights are described according to the South African Service Charter for victims and minimum standards for service delivery for victims. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The roles and responsibilities of Victim Empowerment role-players at national, provincial and local level are explained according to the Integrated Victim Empowerment Policy and Service Charter and minimum standards for services of victims of crime. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Strengths and weaknesses in current service delivery are indicated with specific reference to one's own department/division/organisation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Strategies for the improvement of the implementation of Victim Empowerment programmes/initiatives in South Africa are identified based on an enhanced understanding of Victim Empowerment. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Moderation:
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard and the related Exit Level Outcomes of the Qualification must be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • External Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The accredited Training Provider will oversee internal moderation of assessment.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in this Unit Standard as well as the integrated competence described in the Exit Level Outcome of the Qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS).
  • Integrated Victim Empowerment Policy.
  • World Report on violence and health (WHO, 2002).
  • Service Charter and minimum standards on services for victims of crime (2004). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems associated with applying social justice and the public health approach to implement Victim Empowerment programmes using responsible decision-making and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community on a daily basis to effectively implement Victim Empowerment programmes based on a social justice and public health approach. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to implement Victim Empowerment programmes based on social justice and the public health approach. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using appropriate modes of oral and/or written persuasion in a multidisciplinary and inter-sectoral approach to service delivery of Victim Empowerment programmes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world, as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving in implementing Victim Empowerment programmes exists in a variety of contexts. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors must be registered as assessors with a relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:

    The social justice approach to prevention strives to address the causes of the causes through social change efforts. Thus prevention should not just be focused on changing individuals, families or communities, but larger social structures in which people and settings are embedded. Therefore, prevention should encompass not just programmes, but also social policies. There needs to be an emphasis on advocating for change in social and economic policies to promote social justice and well-being.

    The public health approach is a scientific approach to dealing with any threat to well being involves the following four steps:
  • Defining and monitoring the extent of the problem.
  • Identifying the causes of the problem.
  • Formulating and testing ways of dealing with the problem.
  • Applying widely the measures that are found to work.

    The public health approach is science-based, rather than political/ideological approach. Everything, from identifying the problem and its causes, to planning, testing and evaluating responses must be based on sound research and informed by scientific evidence. The public health approach is also multidisciplinary, with a wide range of professionals from medicine, epidemiology and psychology to sociology, criminology, education and economics, working together to research problems and identify and implement appropriate solutions.

    The WHO uses an ecological model to try to understand the multifaceted nature of violence and examine factors that influence behaviour - or which increase the risk of committing or being a victim of violence, by dividing them into 4 levels, namely:
  • Individual factors (age, education, income, substance abuse, and a history of behaving aggressively or experiencing abuse.
  • Relationship factors (with family, friends, intimate partners and peers e.g. having friends who engage in or encourage violence).
  • Community contexts in which social relationships occur, e.g. schools, workplaces and neighbourhoods such as population density, high levels of unemployment, or the existence of a local drug trade).
  • Societal factors (broad societal factors that help create a climate in which violence is encouraged or inhibited. e.g. the availability of weapons and social and cultural norms.

    These levels overlap as factors at each level are strengthened or modified by factors at another. Thus, for example, a person with an aggressive personality is more likely to act violently in a family or community that habitually resolves conflict through violence than if he or she were in a more peaceable environment. Social isolation, which is a widely found community factor in the mistreatment of the elderly, may be influenced both by societal factors (for example, less respect for the elderly in general) and relationship factors (the loss of friends and family members).

    Besides helping to clarify the causes of violence and their complex interactions, the ecological model also suggests that in order to prevent violence it is necessary to act across several levels at the same time. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49872   Further Education and Training Certificate: Victim Empowerment Co-ordination  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 
    Elective  67509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.