SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate basic understanding of the poultry production industry 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119442  Demonstrate basic understanding of the poultry production industry 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Secondary Agriculture: Processing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Secondary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
To understand the structure of the poultry industry and the role it plays in the production of high quality food for human consumption. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
N/A 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
N/A 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Show an understanding of the sources of breeding material for the different sectors of the poultry industry. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Breeding stock, grand parents, parents, commercial broilers and layers, traditional pure breeds, concentrating outstanding traits, specialization, mass production, utmost security and access control. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The principles of selecting breeding stock are described. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Production records, family and line breeding, progeny testing, variation between individuals.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The functions of grand parents and parent stock for the poultry meat and egg industries, are described. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Imported grand parent lines, production of breeding eggs for broiler or pullet production, isolation measures for disease control, male and female lines.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The reasons why hatcheries specialize in the production of either commercial broilers or pullets, are explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Integration with breeding farms, specialization for specific sectors of the industry, hygiene and access control measures at hatcheries.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Understand the structure of the poultry meat industry and it's contribution to the supply of meat for the South African population. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Contract growers, vertical integration, breeding farms, production period on farms, hatcheries, company-owned abattoirs, free market system, supermarkets, retailers, per capita consumption of meat, live hens from laying farms. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The procuring of day-old chicks by broiler farms is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The links between broiler farms and abattoirs are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The marketing of poultry meat is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The contribution of poultry to the total meat supply in South Africa is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
The nutritional value of poultry meat in relation to red meat is described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Understand the structure of the egg industry. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Pullet rearing specialists, layer farms, battery cages, free-range systems, nutritional value of eggs, depopulation of layer farms, the cull bird market, free marketing system for eggs. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The origin of day-old pullets for use by the table-egg industry is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The production routines on a layer farm utilizing battery cages is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The production routines on a layer farm utilizing a free-range system, is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The nutritional value of eggs for human consumption is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
The role that the egg industry plays in supplying poultry meat to the SA population is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Understand how the poultry industry converts agricultural by-products into tasty and highly nutritious human food. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Maize and by-products from grain milling, fats from red meat processing, energy sources, plant oil extractors, sunflower and other oil cake meals, hatchery waste and abattoir offal meal, protein sources, balanced poultry feeds, eggs, poultry meat, efficiency of conversion. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The main sources of energy in poultry diets are detailed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The origin of the main plant protein sources for poultry diets are described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Demonstrate an understanding to treat poultry products in such a manner that the health of consumers will not be jeopardized. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Chemicals, disease-causing organisms, antibiotics, withdrawal times, medication, personal hygiene, chemical waste disposal, Salmonella enteritidis. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The dangers of mismanaging medicine are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The dangers of contaminating poultry feed and water with harmful chemicals is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The transfer of disease-causing organisms from people to poultry and vice versa are explained. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.

    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established principles. Practical assessment activities will be used, which are appropriate to the contents in which qualifying learners are working. These activities will include an appropriate combination of self and peer assessment, practical and oral assessments, observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge be assessed. The specific outcomes must be assessed in its own right, through oral and practical evidence. It cannot be assessed by observation only.

    The specific outcomes and essential knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge, but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, then they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a learner is able to perform specific outcomes, but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found, both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected in the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
  • Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively.
  • Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities.
  • Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts.
  • Exploring education and career opportunities.
  • Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving: Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been mad. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork: Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization or community.

    Specific Outcome: Embedded 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self organization and management: Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information evaluation: Collect, analyze, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Refer to specific outcomes:
  • Understand the structure of the egg industry.
  • Understand how the poultry industry converts agricultural by-products into tasty and highly nutritious human food. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Science and Technology: Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Refer to specific outcomes:
  • Show an understanding of the sources of breeding material for the different sectors of the poultry industry.
  • Understand the structure of the poultry meat industry and it's contribution to the supply of meat for the South African population.
  • Understand the structure of the egg industry.
  • Understand how the poultry industry converts agricultural by-products into tasty and highly nutritious human food.
  • Recognize the industries' responsibility to ensure that the handling of poultry and poultry products will not jeopardize the health of the consumers. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter-relatedness of systems: Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Refer to specific outcomes:
  • Show an understanding of the sources of breeding material for the different sectors of the poultry industry.
  • Understand the structure of the poultry meat industry and it's contribution to the supply of meat for the South African population.
  • Understand the structure of the egg industry.
  • Understand how the poultry industry converts agricultural by-products into tasty and highly nutritious human food.
  • Recognize the industries' responsibility to ensure that the handling of poultry and poultry products will not jeopardize the health of the consumers. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49582   National Certificate: Poultry Production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Core  49578   National Certificate: Poultry Production  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Elsenburg Agricultural Training Institute 
    2. Interactive Trading 747 ( PTY) LTD 
    3. Ntema Investments 
    4. University of Mpumalanga 
    5. Zintle's Rural Development Cc 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.