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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Sanitation and Sterilisation for Hairdressing 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
11854  Sanitation and Sterilisation for Hairdressing 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Hairdressing Cosmetology and Beauty 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Personal Care 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners credited with this unit standard are able to support personal and public health and safety in the salon by explaining and demonstrating cleaning, sanitising and sterilising in the salon according to industry accepted standards. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Literacy, numeracy, communication and language skills equal to a GET NQF Level 1 Certificate. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The typical scope and context of this unit standard is the hairdressing salon/working environment and covers all services offered within the profession of hairdressing. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Demonstrate and discuss the different methods of sterilisation and sanitation procedures 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Demonstrate and discuss the different methods of sterilisation and sanitation procedures performed in the salon and explain the importance of maintaining a clean and safe working environment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Learners can identify and recognise for purposes of sterilisation and sanitation, the tools, equipment, materials and work areas in a hairdressing salon. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Learners can explain and identify where possible the different infectious diseases that may be encountered in a hairdressing salon. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Learners can explain pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Learners can explain where bacteria are most often encountered in the salon environment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Learners can show that they understand the difference between "sanitise" and "sterilise". 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Learners can explain the meaning of disinfection by means of sterilisation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Learners can demonstrate and explain dry sanitation procedures according to workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Learners can demonstrate and explain wet sanitation procedures according to workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
9. Learners can explain and demonstrate the use of disinfectants and sanitation procedures in the hairdressing salon. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
10. Learners can take the correct procedures to prevent the spreading of diseases within a hairdressing environment and by ensuring protection against blood borne diseases such as AIDS and Hepatitis B. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
11. Learners show that they can take the necessary steps to prevent infectious and non-infectious diseases and disorders of the hair and scalp within the working environment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 12 
12. Learners can explain and demonstrate the correct procedure for cleaning and sterilising all blood spills within the working environment. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Demonstrate and explain the cleaning, sanitising and sterilising of equipment, materials, etc. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Demonstrate and explain the cleaning, sanitising and sterilising of equipment, materials and tools in the salon/working environment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The learners clean and sanitise their own hands and nails prior to services being performed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The learners explain and demonstrate the sanitisation and sterilisation of the salon environment according to workplace procedures. Salon environment in this instance includes:
  • floors, working surfaces, display cabinets, mirrors, basins, toilets. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The learners explain and demonstrate the cleaning, sanitisation and sterilisation of salon equipment according to workplace procedures. Salon equipment in this instance includes:
  • trolleys, dryers, stoves, steamers, chairs, infra-red lights, towels and gowns. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The learners explain and demonstrate the cleaning, sanitisation and sterilisation of tools according to workplace procedures. Tools in this instance includes:
  • curling irons, combs, brushes, clippers, scissors, razors, tint brushes, bowls, measuring cups, clips, caps, clamps, heating lamps, gloves etc. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain and demonstrate basic First Aid procedures applicable to salon practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Learners show that they can deal with minor injuries in the salon by explaining and demonstrating the appropriate methods of basic First Aid. Minor injuries in this instance includes:
  • minor burns, minor wounds, bleeding, abrasions. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Learners show that they can deal with serious injuries in the salon by explaining and discussing the appropriate methods according to workplace procedures. Serious injuries in this instance includes:
  • burns and scalds, heat burns, shock, fainting, epileptic fit, hysteria, fractures, eye injuries, nose bleed, poisoning. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate and explain effective procedures for dealing with disposable waste in the salon 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Demonstrate and explain effective procedures for dealing with disposable waste in the salon environment following all applicable safety procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The learners show that they can effectively deal with all disposables and waste materials in the salon environment by explaining and demonstrating procedures to follow according to workplace procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Discussing Microbiology in regard to safety precautions and procedures in the salon/working environment including:
  • Micro-organisms such as bacteria and viruses;
  • Pathogenic and non-pathogenic micro-organisms;
  • Pathogenic micro-organisms such as Protozoa, Bacteria (and the boils and acne they may cause), Fungi and examples of fungal infections, and Viruses with reference to the AIDS and Hepatitis B they may cause, and how to protect oneself against AIDS;
  • Areas where pathogenic bacteria may enter the body;
  • Areas in the salon where micro-organisms may be found in large numbers;
  • That serious infections such as AIDS and Hepatitis B, though a relatively low risk in hairdressing salons, call for precautions to be taken.
  • The need for hygienic practices in hairdressing salons;
  • The way in which to handle clients with obvious scalp problems;
  • Control of micro-organisms by sanitation and sterilization


    Discussing and explaining, in regard to sanitation and sterilisation the difference between sanitation and sterilisation;

    Describing the control of micro-organisms by means of sanitising and sterilising;

    Discussing and explaining:
  • sterilisation equipment,
  • sterilisation by disinfectants,
  • disinfection of the skin by means of antiseptics,
  • disinfection of tools and equipment,
  • disinfection of surfaces, floors and furniture,
  • disinfection if blood is spilt,
  • alcohol strength for salon use,
  • older methods of sterilisation,
  • preparation of a fumigant for a dry steriliser, and
  • ultra violet ray sterilisers 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively

    Learners will be continuously assessed in the maintenance of a clean and safe working environment. The learner must be able to organise and manage his or her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    The ability to demonstrate correct sanitising and sterilising procedures as well as basic First Aid procedures, would demand from the learner the use of science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard will be continuously assessed.

    Formative assessment tools:
  • Written tests
  • Observation in the work place
  • Oral questions
  • Logbook

    Summative assessment tool:
  • Written test
  • Demonstration

    Integrated assessment
  • This unit standard will be assessed as part of the Integrated Modular Assessment for Consultative Skills and Scalp and Hair treatments.

    Professional manner is assessed according to aspects such as ethical standards, commitment to service, personal and interpersonal skills, body language, tone of voice where applicable, posture and personal appearance.

    This unit standard is a pre-requisite to all the hairdressing standards and will be continuously assessed as part of cluster assessment to maintain the standard of performance. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48744   Further Education and Training Certificate: Beauty (Nail Technology)  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2011-02-16  Was SERVICES until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  20152   National Certificate: Ladies Hairdressing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2004-06-13  SERVICES 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.