SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Know and understand the basics of maritime liner trades 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117650  Know and understand the basics of maritime liner trades 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is elective for anyone wishing to work in the Maritime Liner Trades area of the Ships Agency industry.
A Learner competent against this unit standard will know and work with the basics of the Liner Trades.
Learning Assumptions
Learners should have an understanding of international trade, the shipping industry and the ships agency function as a role player in that industry.
Range Statement
Learners need to know and understand the basics of the Maritime Liner Trades including:
  • Sales and marketing
  • Freight administration
  • Financial and legal issues
  • Landside freight logistics
  • Port operations 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Know and explain the definitions of Maritime Liner Trades and the basics of the vessels used. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The characteristics of Liner services are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The major Liner Trades of the world, their trade routes and ports are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    East/West and North/South trades are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The Service options are demonstrated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Round-the-world (RTW), pendulum, hub-and-spoke and feeder systems.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Vessel types are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Terminology of measurements is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Dimensions, tonnages, cubic capacities and TEUs are explained.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Vessels cargo handling equipment is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Hatches and hold layouts, ro-ro access and other specialised configurations are demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Know and understand the basics of port terminals and cargo handling facilities and services. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Commodities are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range: break bulk, bulk and containerised.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Heavy lifts, Out of Gauge and IMO Dangerous cargo regulations (IMDG Code) are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Port and terminal operations and systems are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Terminal layout, cargo handling systems and equipment.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Know and understand the basics of liner shipping operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The structure, management, technical, operational and commercial functions of Liner Operating companies are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Liner Marketing and Sales are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    In-house or independent agencies, FONASBA/BIMCO Liner Agency agreements, hinterland sales, agency and sub-agents are explained.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The role of Ship husbandry and port agency is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The role of Shippers, Forwarders and NVOCCs is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The role of Logistics Service Providers is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Road transporters, rail authorities, port authorities, container depots and terminal operators
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The role of e-Commerce is explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Know and understand the basics of Containerisation, Intermodal Transport and Freight Logistics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of unitisation and intermodalism is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Container types and terminology are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Inland terminals and depots are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Inland haulage, Carrier/Merchant haulage and Feeder services are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Container management, owning/leasing, repairs and intermodal interchange is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Know and work with Maritime Liner Specific Documentation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Booking Notes, Shipping Orders, Bills of Lading, Manifests and Dangerous Cargo Declarations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Regulatory Control of imports and exports, including customs, SARS and hazardous cargo procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Know and understand the basics of Liner Tariff Construction, Pricing and Agreements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tariff Structures and their relevance are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Calculation of Freight Rates is done. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Surcharges are processed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Currency fluctuations, bunker, war risk and congestion are processed.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
    Know and understand the basics of the financial and legal aspects of Maritime Liner Trades. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Carriers Limitation of Liability is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Cargo claims and the role and responsibilities of the parties and Noting Protest are processed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    General and Particular Average and Claims Documentation are processed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Sale of Goods and INCOTERMS is processed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Methods of Freight Payment are explained. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
    2. The F&C Chamber of the Transport SETA and/or relevant ETQA must accredit any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard.
    3. Moderation of assessment will be done by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following essential embedded knowledge will be assessed in the assessment criteria attached to the specific outcomes of the unit standard. It is unlikely that candidates will achieve all the assessment criteria without this underpinning knowledge and this will be inferred from the observable performance against the defined assessment criteria.

    1. Basic understanding of the overall Liner Trades functions.
    2. Basic knowledge and understanding of:
  • The major aspects of the Liner Trades operations.
  • The interdependence between the various players in the Liner Trades business.
  • The common and routine problems and issues that arise throughout the Liner Trades operations.
  • The role of the Ships Agency in the overall Liner Trades function.


    In presentation of this Unit Standard, the training approach should be proportioned as follows:

    1. Theory: 70%
    2. Tutorial/practical: 30% 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve routine problems relating to Liner Trades and make recommendations using critical thinking skills. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of the team responsible for satisfying the customer. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities with regard to the basic Liner Trades function. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information concerning basic aspects of Liner Trades. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills - orally or written - with all parties involved in the Liner Trades. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health for others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation particularly with regard to shipping of cargo across the globe. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Methods and tools of assessment

    The following methods of assessment have been identified as the preferred measurement and assessment of learner competence in the above-mentioned Performance Assessment Criteria
    1. In-situ (on the job) observations OR simulation
    2. Oral assessment methods (e.g. presentations)
    3. Written tests/case studies/projects
    4. A portfolio of evidence - valid, reliable and authentic evidence from past achievements and experience may serve to supplement the assessment of applied competence. The portfolio should include inter alia:
  • Written statements from persons (e.g. current and/or previous employer, colleague, peer, manager, external customers) confirming competence of the learner
  • Relevant certificates or awards
  • Previous assessment records
  • Journals/logbook

    These methods must be carefully selected based on the purpose of the assessment (For example, the written method could be used to assess knowledge, or the on-job demonstration for measurement of practical competence).
    The assessment must integrate a number of different methods (at least two of those detailed above) in order to give the assessor reliable and valid proof of competence and evidence of required attitudes. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49155   Further Education and Training Certificate: Shipping  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  65529   Further Education and Training Certificate: Transport Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  58473   National Diploma: Freight Handling Logistics  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality Pty Ltd 
    2. Learning Exchange Pty (Ltd) 
    3. Makwedeng Training 
    4. P and R Development and Training (Pty) Ltd 
    5. SA Maritime School and Transport College 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.