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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and apply fixing methods for piping, ducting and equipment used in the trade of air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116234  Identify and apply fixing methods for piping, ducting and equipment used in the trade of air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Air-conditioning Refrigeration and Ventilation 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
9423  Identify and apply fixing methods for piping, ducting and equipment used in the trade of air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Select and safely use the correct mechanical securing methods, when installing, maintaining or repairing air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation equipment. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Ability to apply hand tools used in the air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation trade. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Fixing methods (fastening devices):
Bolts, studs, and nuts: Extra fine, fine, average and course thread screws.
Washers: Plain, spring, and lock washers.
Socket screws: Socket head, flat head, headless and socket pipe plug types.
Set screws: head and headless types with flat point, cone point, oval point, cup point, dog point and half dog point.
Self-tapping screws: with round head, acorn head, hexagon head, pan head, flat head.
Wood screws: with round, flat or oval head.
Pop rivets: different sizes and materials.
Keys and locking devices:
Split pins: different sizes and types.
Locking wire: different sizes and fixing methods.
Keys: round and flat types.
Bracketing systems:
Bracketing systems for piping, ducting and equipment (including insulated piping and ducting). 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Identify and state the purpose of various fixing methods. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Fixing methods are correctly identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The purpose of each fixing method is correctly identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The consequences of using the wrong fixing methods or devices are stated and explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Identify and state the purpose of keys and mechanical locking devices. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Keys and mechanical securing devices are correctly identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The purpose of each type of key and mechanical locking device is correctly explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The consequences of not using or using the incorrect keys or mechanical locking device is explained and discussed. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Identify and state the purpose, advantages and disadvantages of various bracketing systems used for supporting ducting, piping and equipment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Bracketing systems are correctly identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The purpose of each type of bracketing system is correctly explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The consequences of using the incorrect bracketing system are explained and discussed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The advantages and disadvantages of the various systems are listed and discussed. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Apply fixing methods. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Fixing methods are correctly selected and applied. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The correct tools are used. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Work is carried out safely and without damage to self, tools and/or equipment. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Apply keys and locking devices. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Keys and locking devices are correctly selected and applied. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The correct tools are used. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Work is carried out without damage to self, tools and/or equipment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The selection of key or locking device is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Apply bracketing systems. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Bracketing systems are correctly selected and applied. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The correct bracket is selected for the application. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The selection of the type of bracket is justified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Work is carried out without danger to person and/or damage to tools or equipment. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Any person wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, who may appoint a moderator to be present at the assessment.
The assessor must have knowledge and experience of air-conditioning or refrigeration 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
The importance of installing equipment by means of the correct fixing method and its effect on safety and consequential damage. 

UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
Learner and societal development
  • Applications can be used in a variety of trades 

  • UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Selecting the correct tools and fixing method for typical applications 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organize and manage myself and my activities
  • Applying the fixing methods correctly 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically
  • Selecting the correct fixing device for a variety of applications 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard, 9423, "Identify and apply fixing methods for piping, ducting and equipment used in the trade of air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation", Level 2, 9 credits.

    Supplementary information:
    Names, purpose and application of the various fixing methods, keys and locking devices used in the trade of air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation.
    Responses to questions must be within reasonable time of the question being asked. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48959   National Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-03-12  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  65449   National Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    2. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Umbumbulu Campus 
    3. COLLEGE OF CAPE TOWN (Pinelands Campus)(DTTC) 
    4. IFIHLILE TRAINING ACADEMY GAUTENG (PTY) LTD (Halfway House)(TP) 
    5. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    6. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    7. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PORT ELIZABETH 
    8. MCD Training Centre (Pty) Ltd (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    9. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    10. Shukela Training Centre 
    11. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    12. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    13. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    14. Wavelength T.T.I 
    15. Winters Business Enterprise T/A Winters Tradesman Technical Tuition (PRETORIA) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.