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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply advanced breeding practices for farm animals 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116216  Apply advanced breeding practices for farm animals 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner achieving this unit standard will be able to use and apply advanced breeding practices, such as breeding practices and use of reproductive cycles, in farm animals.

Learners will gain specific knowledge and skills in animal husbandry and will be able to operate in an animal production environment implementing sustainable and economically viable production principles.

They will be capacitated to gain access to the mainstream agricultural sector, in animal production, impacting directly on the sustainability of the sub-sector. The improvement in production technology will also have a direct impact on the improvement of agricultural productivity of the sector.

The profession will benefit in general by having learners trained in the field of breeding, which will contribute to the performance and productivity of the enterprise. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is assumed that a learner attempting this unit standard will demonstrate competence against the following unit standards or equivalent:
  • NQF 2: Observe and Inspect Animal Health.
  • NQF 2: Identify basic breeding practices for farm animals.
  • NQF 2: Evaluate external animal anatomy and morphology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Whilst range statements have been defined generically to include as wide a set of alternatives as possible, all range statements should be interpreted within the specific context of application.

    Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify and classify the signs of giving birth and problem births in female breeding animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Breeding animals may include but are not limited to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game, fish and other as related to the context of operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Signs of the normal birth process are identified and classified in a group of female breeding animals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Birth problems are classified and the level of assistance with such problems is correctly determined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Signs of any abnormal behaviour in the birth process is recognised and recorded. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Animals that are observed to have completed parturition and those that had birth problems are identified and recorded. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Basic assistance to the animals that are having birth problems are rendered. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the different breeding methods in farm animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Farm animals may include, but is not limited to, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game and fish as related to the context of operation. Breeding methods include group breeding, hand breeding, artificial inseminations and other as related to the context of operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The different breeding methods of farm animals are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Appropriate breeding methods are applied. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Advantages and disadvantages of a breeding method are explained according to the enterprise. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the basic reproductive cycles of farm animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Farm animals may include but are not limited to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game, and fish as related to the context of operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Oestrus cycles of female farm animals are described and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The length of the oestrus cycle in the different species of farm animals are defined and compared. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The significance of oestrus cycles is explained and applied to a breeding programme. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The reproductive cycles of male farm animals are explained and integrated into the breeding programme. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Define the factors affecting the reproductive cycles of farm animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Farm animals may include but are not limited to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game, and fish as related to the context of operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The nutritional factors influencing reproductive cycles are identified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The influence of the health status of the animal on reproductive cycles is explained and defined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The seasonal effects on the reproductive cycles is described and illustrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The effect of environmental factors on the reproductive cycles is identified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Factors affecting the reproductive cycles of farm animals are integrated into the breeding programme of the enterprise. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

    It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

    The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

    Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

    The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • Reproductive cycles and breeding methods.
  • Factors affecting the reproductive cycles of farm animals.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of different breeding methods.
  • The effect of nutritional, health, seasonal and environmental factors on reproduction.
  • Breeding procedures and breeding programmes.
  • Purpose of this is to improve knowledge and inclusion of reproductive cycles and breeding methods into a breeding programme.
  • Communication and reporting skills.
  • Record keeping skills.
  • Understanding the correct procedures and policies to be followed for the breeding season. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem Solving: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-Management: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information Evaluation: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use of Science and Technology: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Interrelatedness of systems: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Self-development: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49048   National Certificate: Animal Production  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Agricultural Research Council 
    2. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    3. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    4. Cedara College of Agriculture 
    5. Heedmorine Training 
    6. Mananthatshema Skills Dev. Centre 
    7. Matotomana Training & Gen Trading 
    8. Morwa Agri-development cc 
    9. Mvelo Consultant 
    10. Peritum Agri Institute 
    11. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    12. Selipha Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    13. Setlakala Business Development 
    14. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 
    15. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    16. Tripple R Training Provider 
    17. Vari Consulting 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.