SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain dairy production cleanliness 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116110  Explain dairy production cleanliness 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner achieving this unit standard will be able to identify and mix suitable cleaning materials, know the need for rapid cooling, have sensory identification of tainting of milk, be able to make use of different milking methods and clean milk equipment. In addition they will be well positioned to extend their learning and practice into other areas of agriculture, food production and animal production.

Learners will gain specific knowledge and skills in dairy production and will be able to operate in an animal production environment implementing sustainable and economically viable production principles.

They will be capacitated to gain access to the mainstream agricultural sector, in animal production, impacting directly on the sustainability of the sub-sector. The improvement in production technology will also have a direct impact on the improvement of agricultural productivity of the sector. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is assumed that a learner attempting this unit standard will demonstrate competence against the following unit standards or equivalent:
  • NQF1: Apply basic dairy production practices.
  • NQF 2: Observe and inspect animal health. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Within the context of application, milking methods include but are not limited to hand milking and milking machines, whichever is applicable to the area of operation. All range statements should be interpreted as relevant to the context of application.

    Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify, mix and use suitable cleaning materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The ability to identify and select cleaning materials for different purposes according to the label is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ability to mix the correct dilution is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ability to correctly utilize and apply cleaning materials and mixes is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    State the importance of rapid cooling of freshly drawn milk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose and causes for preserving milk by rapid cooling is identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ability to apply rapid cooling methods in sequence is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ability to read and identify the target milk temperature within a definite time is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The ability to report observations and identify deviations is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate the ability to assess milk quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The ability to identify abnormal odours in milk is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ability to identify abnormal colour of milk is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ability to identify abnormal structure of milk is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The ability to report observations is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate the ability to make use of different milking methods. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Different milking methods include but are not limited to hand milking and the use of milk machines, as applicable to the context of application. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The ability to clean the animal's udder effectively is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ability to perform preventative cleaning of the milking operator is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ability to rinse out teat cups prior to attachment is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The ability to carry out a simple mastitis test on each teat is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The ability to treat cracked teats before and after milking is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The ability to recognize and report any possible udder infections or injuries is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The ability to attach each teat cup securely is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The ability to remove all milk from each section of the udder is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The ability to complete the milking process within specific time limits is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate the ability to clean the milk equipment effectively. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The ability to disassemble and reassemble simpler sections of the milk equipment is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ability of to know the correct application point for cleansing chemicals is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ability to identify worn parts and to replace them is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The ability to identify problems and deviations and to report thereon it is demonstrated. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

    It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

    The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

    Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

    The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • The names and the functions of the different parts of the milking equipment.
  • Sensory cues or symptoms related to milk quality.
  • The purpose of the observations to be made.
  • The procedures involved in the observations to be made.
  • All applicable rules and codes of conduct relating to the handling and observation of animals.
  • Developing a two-way relationship with supervisor and co-workers in regard to responsibilities and reporting (Communication Skills). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving relates to outcome:
  • Identify, mix and use suitable cleaning materials. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-management relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Interpreting information relates to outcome:
  • Identify, mix and use suitable cleaning materials. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  48976   National Certificate: Animal Production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Elective  48977   National Certificate: Mixed Farming Systems  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    2. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    3. Bumunhu Services Providers Cc 
    4. Cedara College of Agriculture 
    5. Dihwai Food Cultural and Agricultural Services 
    6. Elsenburg Agricultural Training Institute 
    7. Escay Catering and other Services 
    8. Heedmorine Training 
    9. Impact Plus Training Consultants 
    10. Knowledge For Ever 
    11. Leruo ke Matla Training and Enterprise Development Services 
    12. Madzivhandila Agricultural College 
    13. Mananthatshema Skills Dev. Centre 
    14. Matotomana Training & Gen Trading 
    15. Mobile Agri Skills Development and Training NPC 
    16. Mogaladi Business Enterprise 
    17. Morwa Agri-development cc 
    18. Mpontshe Training 
    19. Mvelo Consultant 
    20. Nophelo Training Centre 
    21. Novi General Services 
    22. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    23. Selipha Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    24. Setlakala Business Development 
    25. Siyafundisa I Africa 
    26. Siyasanga Training Centre 
    27. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 
    28. Taletso FET College - Central Office 
    29. Thuto Boshwa Skills Development Services 
    30. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    31. Tripple R Training Provider 
    32. University of Limpopo 
    33. Vari Consulting 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.