SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Recognise and identify the basic functions of the ecological environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116064  Recognise and identify the basic functions of the ecological environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the basic functions of the environment by recognising patterns and processes, knowing local resources and basic sustainable agricultural processes using environmental indicators.

Competent learners will understand the environmental context of sustainable agricultural production. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is expected of the learner attempting this unit standard to demonstrate competence against the unit standard:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the basic concepts of sustainable farming systems. - (NQF 1) or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Recognise patterns and processes of the environment and how they relate to the sustainable utilisation of agricultural land. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Patterns of the environment include rainfall, climate, dry cycles, original vegetation, seasons, movement patterns of animals, etc. Processes of the biophysical environment include the interaction and the relationship between food webs, human activities, soil, climate, water, plants, animals and solar energy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Rainfall patterns and distribution are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The broad distribution of the fauna and flora in South Africa in both the past and the present is explained, and the concept of ecosystems is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The relationship between climate, soil and indigenous vegetation is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Methods of generating alternative energy are understood. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of natural resources and recognise their limitations within the agricultural environment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Natural resources include renewable and non-renewable, living and non-living resources. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Natural resources and their uses are identified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different waste resources are identified and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Waste resources include but are not limited to materials and by-products that can be reduced, reused or recycled.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Different energy resources and alternative energy resources (renewable) are identified and different uses and applications are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of sustainable agricultural principles. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Basic sustainable agricultural principles relate to farming systems (with social, economic and environmental aspects), soil, climate, water and flora and fauna and the preservation thereof. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Basic preparation and application of natural fertilizers are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Basic methods of natural pest control are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Basic soil conservation methods are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Basic crop rotation methods are described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Recognise environmental degradation indicators. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Soil, vegetation, plants and noxious weeds. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Soil erosion is recognised. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Basic signs of land degradation are recognised. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Invasive species are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Basic pollution symptoms are recognised. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

    It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

    The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

    Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

    The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • Patterns and processes of the environment.
  • Resource availability and limitations.
  • Basic sustainable agricultural principles.
  • Environmental indicators.
  • Basic soil types and their features i.e. clay, sand, loam and its distribution.
  • Basic weather patterns i.e. summer, winter, basic clouds and energy/ carbon/ hydrological/ oxygen cycles.
  • Basic water cycle and water management.
  • Basic veld types i.e. savanna, fynbos, forest, Karoo and links to weather patterns.
  • Basic ecosystems, their distribution and links to the rest of the environment i.e. wetlands, grasslands, mountains.
  • Needs for wild life corridors, their functions and possible areas for corridors.
  • Basic natural resources (water, soil, veld, energy, heat) their limitations and sustainable uses.
  • Use of basic waste as a resource i.e. types for erosion control, trench gardening.
  • Basic alternative energies i.e. wind, sun, gravity and some of their uses.
  • Basic biological pest control methods, identification and protection of predator insects, and where to access biological control agents.
  • Basic preparation and application of natural fertilisers.
  • Basic soil conservation and crop rotation methods.
  • Basic environmental indicators such as soil erosion, basic signs of land degradation.
  • Invasive species.
  • Pollution and pollution systems i.e. industry pollutants (ozone), farm pollutants i.e. dairies, etc. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving: Relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-organisation and management: Relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information evaluation: Relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: Relates to specific outcome:
  • Recognise environmental degradation indicators. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The world as a set of related systems: Relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Fundamental  48976   National Certificate: Animal Production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Fundamental  48977   National Certificate: Mixed Farming Systems  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Fundamental  48975   National Certificate: Plant Production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Elective  49556   National Certificate: Development Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  49605   National Certificate: Environmental Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A4 Consultancy CC 
    2. ABA Sebenzi 
    3. ABEMS Training Institute (PTY) Ltd. 
    4. Agisanang SA Training 
    5. Amabamba Recruitment 
    6. Atlegang Training Consulting 
    7. AVAX SA 481 CC. T/A Mandisa Development Services 
    8. Azitjhewi Construction 
    9. Bantubanye Skills 
    10. BF QUALITY SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    11. Big Start Training and Development 
    12. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    13. Boni Africa Events & Development 
    14. Buena Vista Learning Academy 
    15. BUSINESS CIRCLE CONSULTATION 
    16. Classic Human Capital Solutions 
    17. CTC College(PTY) LTD. 
    18. Dean Institute Of Learning (Pty) Ltd 
    19. Ditirelo Skills Development Services 
    20. Edutraining Business College 
    21. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    22. Environmental Leadership Academy 
    23. Fire Protection Association of Southern Africa 
    24. Glere Skills and Consultants 
    25. Goitsikitso Enterprise Trading 
    26. Growth Management Consulting 
    27. Heavenly Button Trading CC 
    28. HS GLOBAL SKILLS BUSINESS SOLUTIONS 
    29. Icando 
    30. Institute of Health and Social Care Studies 
    31. IQ Skills Academy (PTY) LTD. 
    32. ITO Focus Reagile 
    33. Jobafrik Consulting 
    34. KAGISHO BUSINESS CONCEPTS (Pty) LTD 
    35. Kernel Management and Consulting (PTY) LTD. 
    36. Kgolo Institute 
    37. KHOSITHI TRAINING 
    38. KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION 
    39. Kokilesedi Trading 
    40. Kuyakhula Development Initiatives 
    41. M.I.C. Training and Development 
    42. Mahayi HRD Services cc 
    43. Makavila Suppliers CC. 
    44. Mangalani Business Enterprises 
    45. Marcado Human Resources Strategies 
    46. MashMP Holdings 
    47. Mashphe Logistics Services 
    48. Mazasa Management Consulting CC. 
    49. Mbinga Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    50. Mcebo Technologies 
    51. Mgwezane Training and Events Management CC. 
    52. Miczo's Enterprise 
    53. Mind Magic Consulting 
    54. Misol Projects cc 
    55. Mission Point Consulting 
    56. Mod-Mosh Projects and Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    57. Networx for Career Development 
    58. NJ & L Trading Enterprise CC. 
    59. NOMAKU TRADERS CC 
    60. NS Global Academy 
    61. Nsuku Management Consultants 
    62. Nyankwavi Investment CC. 
    63. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    64. Power Rush Trading 170 CC. 
    65. Powernexus 
    66. Puseletso Trading and Projects 
    67. PWI CORPORATE TRAINING PTY LTD 
    68. Quick Leap Investment 
    69. RLSTP Training & Development (PTY) LTD. 
    70. Seige Trading Solutions 
    71. Senelo Trading CC 
    72. Siljeur Training Academy 
    73. Spring Forest Trading 578 CC 
    74. Talent Emporium Academy (PTY) Ltd 
    75. Thando Consulting Services 
    76. The Crimson CO CC. 
    77. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    78. TLD Consulting 
    79. Township Fire and Rescure (Pty) Ltd 
    80. Tshedza Training Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    81. Tshwane Skills Training Centre 
    82. Umfolozi FET College 
    83. University of Venda 
    84. Vicmat Consultants 
    85. XL AT Consulting CC 
    86. Ya Hina Management Consulting and projects 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.