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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Operate extractor 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
115971  Operate extractor 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Secondary Agriculture: Processing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Secondary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A learner who has achieved this unit standard will be competent in:

Extracting oleoresin from paprika, without supervision, to ensure maximum extraction efficiency. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
To enter a learning programme for this unit standard or to be assessed against this unit standard, the learner is assumed to have :

Literacy, numeracy and communication skills at or equivalent to NQF level 3.

Basic principles and knowledge of quality assurance.

Basic knowledge of extraction processes in general.

An understanding of general safety in the work place at NQF level 3. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The scope of this unit standard deals with the extraction of oleoresin from paprika, monitoring of hexane levels and temperature, miscella levels and temperature, vacuum pressure, pumps and valves, spent discharge and paprika pellets throughput.

The specific outcomes as reflected in this unit standard are performed without direct supervision, but with access to standard working procedures and operating instructions. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Prepare for the paprika oleoresin extraction process. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Preparing the work area according to standard working and safety procedures.
Determining a sequence of operation according to standard working procedures.
Selecting appropriate tools and equipment according to standard working and quality procedures.
Selecting appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) according to statutory requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Assessors will observe, confirm and evaluate evidence that will indicate that learners have demonstrated competence in each of the specific outcomes. In this unit standard the following specific criteria should be used:

Purpose of:
  • Determining sequence of operations
  • Preparing work area
  • Extracting oleoresin from paprika pellets
  • Monitoring hexane levels and temperature
  • Monitoring pneumatic safety valve operation of pellet bed
  • Monitoring spent discharge
  • Monitoring extraction/percolation
  • Completing relevant documentation
  • Monitoring pellet colour in drip dry chambers
  • Monitoring steam feed and circulation valves
  • Monitoring miscella levels and temperature
  • Monitoring vacuum pressures (negative pressure)
  • Monitoring pumps and valves

    Consequences of not:
  • Monitoring extraction throughput
  • Monitoring hexane levels and temperature
  • Adhering to safety procedures
  • Adhering to extraction efficiency
  • Monitoring spent discharge
  • Monitoring percolation
  • Completing relevant documentation
  • Sampling of spent discharge
  • Monitoring steam feed and circulation valves
  • Monitoring miscella levels and temperature
  • Monitoring vacuum pressures
  • Monitoring pumps and valve 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Extract paprika oleoresin. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Feeding paprika pellets into extractor according to extraction schedule.

    Monitoring correct operation of pneumatic safety valve.

    Monitoring steam feed and circulation valves

    Monitoring hexane levels and temperatures

    Monitoring miscella levels and temperatures

    Monitoring extraction/percolation of pellet bed through sight glasses

    Monitoring vacuum pressure (negative pressure)

    Reporting deviations and taking corrective actions according to standard work and safety procedures.

    Monitoring pumps and valves 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Assessors will observe, confirm and evaluate evidence that will indicate that learners have demonstrated competence in each of the specific outcomes. In this unit standard the following specific criteria should be used:

    Purpose of:
  • Determining sequence of operations
  • Preparing work area
  • Extracting oleoresin from paprika pellets
  • Monitoring hexane levels and temperature
  • Monitoring pneumatic safety valve operation of pellet bed
  • Monitoring spent discharge
  • Monitoring extraction/percolation
  • Completing relevant documentation
  • Monitoring pellet colour in drip dry chambers
  • Monitoring steam feed and circulation valves
  • Monitoring miscella levels and temperature
  • Monitoring vacuum pressures (negative pressure)
  • Monitoring pumps and valves

    Consequences of not:
  • Monitoring extraction throughput
  • Monitoring hexane levels and temperature
  • Adhering to safety procedures
  • Adhering to extraction efficiency
  • Monitoring spent discharge
  • Monitoring percolation
  • Completing relevant documentation
  • Sampling of spent discharge
  • Monitoring steam feed and circulation valves
  • Monitoring miscella levels and temperature
  • Monitoring vacuum pressures
  • Monitoring pumps and valve 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Complete the extraction process. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Recording extraction throughput according to standard working procedures.

    Shutting down extraction process according to standard work and safety procedures.

    Restoring work area according to standard working procedures.

    Completing relevant documentation according to standard working procedures.

    Handing shift over and reporting to relevant parties according to standard working procedures.

    Monitor pellet colour in drip dry chambers according to standard work procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Assessors will observe, confirm and evaluate evidence that will indicate that learners have demonstrated competence in each of the specific outcomes. In this unit standard the following specific criteria should be used:

    Purpose of:
  • Determining sequence of operations
  • Preparing work area
  • Extracting oleoresin from paprika pellets
  • Monitoring hexane levels and temperature
  • Monitoring pneumatic safety valve operation of pellet bed
  • Monitoring spent discharge
  • Monitoring extraction/percolation
  • Completing relevant documentation
  • Monitoring pellet colour in drip dry chambers
  • Monitoring steam feed and circulation valves
  • Monitoring miscella levels and temperature
  • Monitoring vacuum pressures (negative pressure)
  • Monitoring pumps and valves

    Consequences of not:
  • Monitoring extraction throughput
  • Monitoring hexane levels and temperature
  • Adhering to safety procedures
  • Adhering to extraction efficiency
  • Monitoring spent discharge
  • Monitoring percolation
  • Completing relevant documentation
  • Sampling of spent discharge
  • Monitoring steam feed and circulation valves
  • Monitoring miscella levels and temperature
  • Monitoring vacuum pressures
  • Monitoring pumps and valve 


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    An individual wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to an assessor accredited by SETASA.

    Any training provider offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be registered and accredited by SETASA.

    Moderation of assessment will be done by SETASA in its ETQA capacity at its discretion. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Basic knowledge of the safe handling of tools and equipment related to the extraction from oleoresin paprika.

    Basic knowledge of safety classification as Class I Div I and II

    Basic knowledge of maintenance and caring for relevant tools and equipment.

    Basic knowledge of differences in different pumps (positive displacement, centrifugal)

    Operate extractor equipment.

    Basic principles of gauge readings. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems by reporting hexane levels and temperatures, miscella levels and temperatures, vacuum pressures, spent discharge and extraction throughput deviations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others when receiving information and giving instructions during the extraction process. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage one-self when performing the extraction process. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate with others during the extraction process of paprika. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology when using extraction equipment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the world as a set of related systems by understanding the impact of not producing quality oleoresin from paprika. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Values
    All learners should demonstrate :

    An application of company ethics, values as well as general safety and customer care principles.

    An awareness of expectations and obligations of basic worker / management / customer relationships. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48904   National Certificate: Paprika Oleoresin Extraction and Blending  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.