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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Demonstrate an understanding of the structure, growth and disorders of the skin, nails and hair 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114801  Demonstrate an understanding of the structure, growth and disorders of the skin, nails and hair 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Hairdressing Cosmetology and Beauty 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Personal Care 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2007-05-15  2009-04-08  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2010-04-08   2013-04-08  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
262565  Identify disorders of the skin and hair  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The person credited with this unit standard is able to describe the anatomical structure and function of the skin, nail and hair as well as explain the abnormalities that could occur. The learners is able to list microbes that cause diseases, list how trauma can cause disesses and describe basic terminology related to observation of abnormalities. They are also able to refer clients with abnormalities of skin, hair and nail to relevant professionals.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Describing the anatomical structure and function of the normal nail, skin and hair
  • Explaining and describing abnormalities in the nail, skin and hair
  • Listing the microbes that cause disease of nails, skin and hair
  • Listing and explaining the role of trauma as a cause of disease and abnormalities of skin, hair and nails
  • Defining and describing basic terminology related to observation of abnormalities of the skin, hair and nails
  • Explaining the reasons for referral of client with abnormalities of skin, hair and nails to health professionals 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners assessing this qualification will have demonstrated competence against the National Certificate in Beauty: manicure and Pedicure or Aesthetic consultancy or Make-up Consultancy at NQF level 3 or equivalent. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • Normal appearance of nails, skin and hair
  • Abnormal appearance of skin include cuts, abrasions, scarring, blisters, rashes, staining, inflammation
  • Abnormal appearance of hair include alopecia, lice, brittle hair, hirsuitism and hypertrichosis
  • Abnormal appearance of nails include corrugations, striations, colour, bruising, thickening of the nail, pitting and hangnail 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the anatomical structure and function of the normal skin, hair and nails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A cross section diagram of skin, hair and nail follicle is correctly labelled. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The skin growth is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The nail growth is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The hair growth is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The functions of the skin, hair and nails are listed and a basic understanding is explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain and describe abnormalities in appearance of the nail, skin and hair. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Abnormalities in appearance of the nail are explain and describe. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Abnormalities in appearance of the skin are explain and describe. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Abnormalities in appearance of the hair are explain and describe. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Condition of nail, skin and hair is assessed for selected service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Observed abnormalities are recorded and referred. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    List the microbes that cause diseases of skin, hair and nails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Viral organisms are investigated as a cause of diseases of skin, hair and/or nails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Fungi are investigated as a cause of diseases of skin, hair and/or nails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Bacteria are investigated as a cause of diseases of skin, hair and/or nails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Parasites are investigated as a cause of diseases of skin, hair and/or nails. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    List and explain the role of trauma as a cause of disease and abnormalities of skin, hair and nails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Possible physical trauma to skin, hair and nails are listed and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Chemical trauma to skin, hair and nails are listed and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The impact of this traumas on the skin, hair and nails is explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Define and describe basic terminology related to observation of abnormalities of the skin, hair. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Define and describe basic terminology related to observation of abnormalities of the skin, hair and nails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Basic terminology used to describe abnormal appearances of skin is defined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Basic terminology used to describe abnormal appearances of hair is defined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Basic terminology used to describe abnormal appearances of nails is defined. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Explain the reasons for referral of client with abnormalities of skin, hair and nails. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Explain the reasons for referral of client with abnormalities of skin, hair and nails to health professionals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The definition of contagious / infectious disease is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The need for referral is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The potential for transfer of disease from client to personal care attendant and visa versa is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Organisational requirements for recording of referrals are listed. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • A basic understanding of precautions to follow when inspecting the area to be treated
  • A basic understanding of infectious and non-infectious diseases and disorders of the nails, skin and hair
  • A basic understanding of infection control when inspecting the area to be treated 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems pertaining to abnormalities in the skin, nails or hair. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others in order to correctly refer clients for correct treatment of skin, nail or hair abnormalities. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information in order to assess the skin, hair and nail unit and to record the information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively in order to be of service to the client. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically in order to assess and record the information and make recommendations. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 262565, which is "Identify disorders of the skin and hair", Level 3, 8 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48743   National Certificate: Hairdressing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-04-08  Was SERVICES until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  48744   Further Education and Training Certificate: Beauty (Nail Technology)  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2011-02-16  Was SERVICES until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  48797   Further Education and Training Certificate: Beauty Technology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2011-02-16  Was SERVICES until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.