SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Develop processes to enhance the manufacturing process for sensitive consumer products 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
10612  Develop processes to enhance the manufacturing process for sensitive consumer products 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Analyse manufacturing layouts and working methods,
  • Evaluate line balances,
  • Conduct organisation and work study techniques,
  • Apply management principles for manufacturing process enhancing.

    This unit standard is intended for a person in the manufacturing environment who needs to develop processes to enhance the manufacturing processes in a sensitive consumer manufacturing environment.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment for any individual. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Application of method study principles.
  • Evaluation and calculation of production and manufacturing processes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope and context of this unit standard is for a person in the manufacturing environment who needs to develop processes to enhance the manufacturing processes in a sensitive consumer manufacturing environment. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Analyse manufacturing layouts and working methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The benefits from using a method study in terms of systems design and resource use are identified and explained according to layout and methodology principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Systems design and resource use include but are not limited to work simplification, reducing costs, improving work methods, ergonomic benefits, facilities improvement, human resource effectiveness, planning and scheduling.
    Refer to 4 systems design and resource use.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The steps used in method study and recording methods are sourced and described according to layout and working method methodology. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Steps used in method study refer to selecting, recording, examining, developing, defining, installing and maintaining.
    Recording methods refer to diary, flow charts, travel charts, string diagrams, multiple activity charts, process charts, simultaneous motion charts (SIMO), memomotion, therblig charts, data and flow modelling.
    Refer to 3 recording methods.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The flow process charts records and sequence of activities which constitute a given process are analysed by drawing conclusions in terms of the logic, necessity or possible redundancy of the activity and make recommendations for improvement of the process. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sequence of activities refers to operation, transport, inspection, delay, storage and assessment evidence of two different flow process analyses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The working methods using the questioning technique with primary and secondary questions in order to identify the improvement possible alternatives are examined. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Primary questions refer to purpose, place, sequence, person, means; secondary questions refer to current facts, reasons, possible alternatives, review purpose; action, eliminate, combine, rearrange and simplify.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The principles for the design of workplace layouts in terms of motion economy, simplification of hand, arm and body movements are analysed according to human effectiveness principles. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Evaluate line balances. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The output from given performances and production times are calculated and results are recorded according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Bottle-necks are identified from given information and remedial actions are taken according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bottle-necks may refer to machine capacity, operator capacity and product requirements.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Optimum daily or weekly output rates are calculated for a production run according to basic calculation principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The balancing of lines to produce given daily or weekly quantities are calculated and results are documented according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Production and completion times for a given order, batch or bundle quantities are calculated and documented according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. A production plan is produced and documented according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Conduct organisation and work study techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The principles of and primary applications for method studies are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Primary applications may refer to human activity, process sequences, material flow and documentation systems.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The importance of predetermining the cost benefits and limits of individual method studies is explained according to method study methodology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The critical nature of interpersonal skills, affected personnel interaction and their contributions to method studies is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Method study procedures and sequence are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Procedures and sequence may refer to select, record, examine, develop, install, maintain.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The application of data collection techniques for method studies is described, and their use is demonstrated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Data collection techniques refer to outline process charts, flow process charts, flow diagrams and multiple activity charts.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. The difference in observed time, basic time and standard time are described and the differences are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Occasional elements, contingency allowances and relaxation allowances are described, and their application is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. Measuring techniques available for establishing work content are described and their application is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Measuring techniques refer to time studies, activity sampling, predetermined motion time systems, estimating and production studies.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply management principles for manufacturing process enhancing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Structures, sources, methods and support for the improvement process are developed according to management principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Responsibilities and opportunities for individuals and groups to participate in and contribute to the improvement process are identified according to manufacturing principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Participation and contributing forums may refer to steering committees, quality councils, improvement teams, quality circles, project teams, work groups and management review.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Sources of problems and opportunities for improvement are identified from internal or external factors. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Internal factors may refer to staff suggestions for improvement, internal customer requirements, future development of the organisation and innovation from within the organisation, evaluation of the outcomes of previous improvements, cultural, ethical and diversity expectations and internal audits.
    External factors may refer to expectations of actual and potential customers, customer feedback, competitor activity, legislative and regulatory requirements, market and economic trends affecting supply; cultural, ethical and diversity expectations, external audits and contractual requirements.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Measurable criteria for identifying, evaluating, and prioritising opportunities for improvement are selected in accordance with the organisation's objectives, resources and needs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Improvement opportunities, methodologies and tools are selected, prioritised and documented after wide involvement of staff and other stakeholders. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Methodologies and tools may refer to multi-step improvement processes, quality planning and estimating, focus groups, benchmarking, statistical process control, monitoring quality costs and prevention and failure.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities.
  • Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of main activity(s) reflected in the title. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information

    Terminology:

    Sensitive consumer product:
  • Refer to any food, beverage, pharmaceutical, cosmetic or fast moving consumable product utilised by a human being or mammal that might become harmful to humans and mammals due to non conformance to critical control parameters and parameters.

    Standard operating procedures:
  • Refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal and food safety procedures, good manufacturing practices, applicable legislation and time frames. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  21847   National Diploma: Manufacturing Management: Food and Beverage  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Elective  80686   National Diploma: Supply Chain Management: Sensitive Consumer Products  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.