SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

National Certificate: Food Processing: Plant Baking 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
64029  National Certificate: Food Processing: Plant Baking 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
FOODBEV - Food and Beverages Manufacturing Industry Sector Education and Training Authority  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  120  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 06120/18  2018-07-01  2023-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification replaces: 
Qual ID Qualification Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Min Credits Replacement Status
20657  National Certificate: Food and Beverage Processing: Plant Baking Processing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  120  Complete 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:

A learner acquiring this qualification will be able to operate and control primary bread plant processing operations under general supervision in an automated or semi-automated bread plant. This qualification facilitates access to and mobility of career paths within the bread plant baking environment and contributes to the social and contributes to the socio-economic development of the country.

This qualification will allow a learner to advance to the bread plant baking qualifications at NQF Level 3. Certain Unit Standards described in this qualification provide credits that can be carried over to a range of food and beverage qualifications on NQF Level 2. This qualification will enhance the social status and productivity within the baking industry.

Rationale:

This qualification fulfils the workplace-based needs of the bread plant baking industry that is expressed by employers and employees, both now and for the future. This qualification provides the learner with opportunity to be employed in the bread plant baking industry and provides flexibility to pursue different careers in the baking industry with articulation in the food industry. The electives in this qualification provide the learner with the opportunity of a broader based career. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • It is assumed that learners are already competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1 or ABET Level 4.

    Recognition of Prior Learning:

    This qualification may be achieved in part or completely through the recognition of prior learning, which includes formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience. Learners who have met the requirements of any Unit Standard that forms part of this qualification may apply for recognition of prior learning to the relevant ETQA. Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including previous international or local qualifications, reports, and testimonials, mentoring functions performed, portfolios, work records and performance records. As such, evidence should be judged according to the general principles of assessment. The applicant must be assessed against the specific outcomes and assessment criteria for the relevant unit standards. A qualification will be awarded should a learner demonstrate competence in all the exit level outcomes of the qualification. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    All the Fundamental Unit Standards (38 credits) are compulsory.

    All the Core Unit Standards (58 credits) are compulsory.

    A minimum of 24 credits from the Elective Unit Standards including:
  • Either 10695 for a fully automated plant bakery.
    OR
  • 10692 and 10700 for a semi-automatic plant bakery.
    OR
  • 10693 and 10703 for manually operations in the plant baking system.

    The learner has to choose the applicable Elective Unit Standard as defined by the level of automation of the particular bread plant bakery.

    A minimum of 120 credits is required to obtain the qualification. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    Qualifying learners can:

    1. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the bread plant baking environment and the related personal and food safety practices.

    2. Perform basic pan handling, cleaning, sanitation of equipments, and mixing of dry ingredient tasks within the bread plant bakery.

    3. Operate and control the equipment in a bread plant baking environment according to industry standards.

    4. Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental bread plant baking related concepts, principles and procedures.

    Critical Cross Field Outcomes:

    While performing bread plant baking activities, qualifying learners can:

    1. Identify and solve problems in which response displays responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Problem solving during mixing, pan handling, production of bread dough, make up of dough, proving and baking, stacking and storing, slicing and wrapping processes.
    > Evident in all Exit Level Outcomes.

    2. Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Applying team-work during the complete production cycle.
    > Evident in all the exit level outcomes.

    3. Organize and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Properly preparing one's workplace before production begins.
  • Planning one's activities.
    > Evident in all the Exit Level Outcomes.

    4. Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Evaluating the quality of the dough and the bread.
    > Evident in all the exit level outcomes.

    5. Communicate effectively by using language skills by:
  • Keeping supervisors and team members informed of progress and problems.
    > Evident in all the Exit Level Outcomes.

    6. Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by:
  • Problem solving during mixing, pan handling, production of bread dough, make up of dough, proving and baking, stacking and storing, slicing and wrapping processes.
    > Evident in all the Exit Level Outcomes. 

  • ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • The history, ingredients used and the processes involved in the bread plant bakery are understood.
  • Personal safety practices in food manufacturing environment are understood and demonstrated.
  • Food safety principles are demonstrated in line with industry expectations.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
  • Food manufacturing equipment & surfaces are cleaned and sanitised according to site specific requirements.
  • Pans are prepared, handled stacked and stored according to site specific bread plant operating principles and procedures.
  • Raw ingredients are mixed according to site specific bread plant operating principles and procedures.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • Bread dough is produced and made up according to standard bread plant baking principles.
  • Automated plant baking proofer and oven are operated and controlled according to site specific bread plant operating principles and procedures.
  • Slicing and wrapping equipment are operated and controlled according to site specific bread plant operating principles and procedures.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
  • Fundamental knowledge of bread plant baking related concepts and principles is demonstrated and applied according to site specific standard operating procedures.

    Integrated Assessment:

    The applied competence (practical, foundational and reflexive competencies) of this qualification will be achieved if a candidate is able to operate and control primary bread plant processing operations under general supervision and control in an automated or semi-automated bread plant.

    The identification and solving of problems, team work, organising one-self, the using of applied science, the implication of actions and reactions in the world as a set of related systems must be assessed during any combination of practical, foundational and reflexive competencies assessment methods and tools to determine the whole person development and integration of applied knowledge and skills.

    Applicable assessment tool(s) to establish foundational, reflexive and embedded knowledge, problem solving and the application of the world as a set of related systems within the manufacturing environment.

    A detailed portfolio of evidence is required to prove the practical, applied and foundational competencies of the learner.

    Assessors and moderators should develop and conduct their own integrated assessment by making use of a range of formative and summative assessment methods. Assessors should assess and give credit for the evidence of learning that has already been acquired through formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience.

    Unit standards in the qualification must be used to assess specific and critical cross-field outcomes. During integrated assessments the assessor should make use of formative and summative assessment methods and should assess combinations of practical, applied, foundational and reflexive competencies. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    Benchmarking was done against the NZQA from New Zealand, NVQ from England, Wales and Northern Ireland, AQF from Australia and the SVQ from Scotland as these countries perform a number of services related to South African plant baking processes.

    The NZQA baking related qualifications requires the learner to first complete the generic Level 2 and 3 baking standards and full qualifications before they can gain entry into the specialized field of bread plant baking.

    On the NZQA from New Zealand, 4 qualifications exit for Baking namely:
  • National Certificate in Food Production - Baking (Level 1).
  • National Certificate in Food Production - Baking (Level 2).
  • National Certificate in Food Production - Baking (Level 3).
  • National Certificate in Food Production - Baking (Craft Baking Level 4).
  • National Certificate in Food Production - Baking (Plant Baking Level 4).

    The Levels 1, 2 and 3 qualifications cover all the competencies expected from a learner in both the craft baking and the bread baking plant environments.

    South Africa's bread plant bakery industry caters for learners entering on a Level 2 within the specific field of bread plant baking. It is for this reason that the South African Level 2 qualifications incorporate a number of Level 1 and 2 unit standards which address the basic knowledge and skills required by for example the pan handler which the New Zealand learner would be exposed to in the generic standards included in the Level 2 and 3 qualifications.

    The qualification requires the learner to be awarded 70 credits. There are compulsory unit standards that comprise of Occupational Health and Safety, communication skills, reading and writing, mathematics, personal presentation and knowledge of baking legislation at Level 1 and 2 a total of 15 credits. A minimum of 30 credits must come from the Baking unit standards at Level 2 and above. The remaining 30 credits may either come from the baking unit standards and/or the subfields of computing and information technology engineering technology, health humanities, manufacturing science and service sector.

    The New Zealand qualification requires the learner to first do Level 1, 2 and 3 in craft bread making and flour confectionery. At Level 4 there are two qualifications (1) craft baking and (2) plant baking. At this stage the learner can decide which pathway to take.

    The Australian qualification framework:

    The Australian Qualification Framework contains an equivalent one year qualification in:
  • Certificate 2 in food processing (Retail baking - cake and pastry).
  • Certificate 2 in food processing (Retail baking - bread).
  • Certificate 2 in food processing (Retail baking - combined).

    These qualifications are packaged in two ways either what is known as 'Single level programmes' where it is assumed that a person on entry has completed the lower level qualification or 'Composite level programs' where the person has not completed a lower level qualification and reflect the minimum requirement this person would be expected to complete any pre-requisites as additional mandatory units in order to complete the qualification.

    The certificates are offered as either individual specialities in bread or confectionery or a combination of the two.

    The combination qualification is aimed at both the bread and flour confectionery bakery and includes units regarding occupational health and safety and food safety the processing of standard breads, sponges, cakes, cookies, choux paste and meringues.

    The South African Plant Bread Baking qualification is unique in that it allows the learner opportunity to enter the plant baking environment at a lower level, e.g. Level 1.

    The Learner can progress through Levels 1, 2 and 3 and can articulate at Level 4.

    SVQ from Scotland:

    The SVQ from Scotland equivalent qualification are awarded by the Scottish Association of Master Baker and Scottish Qualification Authority.
  • Scottish Vocational Qualification in bakery (Dough Production) Level 2.
  • Scottish Vocational Qualification in bakery (Flour Confectionery Production) Level 2.

    The qualifications are split into Mandatory Units which are the same in both of the above qualifications and cover aspects regarding health and safety, personal and work place hygiene, working with others, quality control of products, problem solving and organizing own activities regarding and production schedules all of which are aspects that are covered in the South African Level 2 qualification.

    Learners must then choose 6 units form the optional units, these cover a far broader spectrum of disciplines from craft, bread baking, plant bread baking, pastry manufacturing, craft confectionery baking, plant confectionery baking and cake decorating.

    The South African qualification relates to the following Level 2 plant baking unit standards:
  • Stack and store bread manually in a bread plant bakery.
  • Manage and handle pan operations manually in a bread plant bakery.
  • Apply personal safety practices in a food manufacturing environment.
  • Clean and sanitise food manufacturing equipment and surfaces manually.
  • Apply knowledge of the effect of micro-organisms on personal health, hygiene and food safety.
  • Pre-batch food raw material.
  • Make-up of dough in automated plant bread bakery.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of plant baking terminology, equipment and systems.
  • Control the cooling process of baked bread manually in a bread plant bakery.
  • Operate and control and automated bread packaging machine.

    The South African qualification relates to the following Level 3 plant baling unit standards:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of occupational health, safety and environmental legislation relevant to the food or beverage environment.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of food or beverage safety practices and procedures in a food or beverage manufacturing environment.
  • Monitor and control quality assurance practices in a food or beverage manufacturing environment.
  • Apply microbiological principles in a food or beverage environment.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of introductory business principles.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of heating and cooling procedures.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the origin, purpose, function of raw materials used in craft fermented products and plant bread.
  • Produce bread dough in an automated plant bakery.
  • Operate and control an automated plant baking proover and oven.

    Conclusion:

    The South African Plant Baking qualifications are more comprehensive and cover a wider field than comparable international qualifications. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    This Qualification articulates horizontally with the following Qualifications:
  • ID 50307 National Certificate: Bread and Flour Confectionery Baking, NQF Level 2.
  • ID 58953 National Certificate: Biscuit Manufacturing, NQF Level 2.

    Vertical articulation is possible with the following Qualifications:
  • ID 20658 National Certificate: Food and Beverage Processing: Plant Baking Processing, NQF Level 3. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this Qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQAs policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation; in terms of agreements reached around assessment and moderation between ETQAs (including professional bodies); and in terms of the moderation guideline detailed immediately below.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards, exit level outcomes as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this Qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    Assessors need experience in the following areas:
  • Interpersonal skills, subject matter and assessment.
  • The assessor needs to be competent in the planning and conducting of assessment of learning outcomes and in the design and development of assessments as described in the unit standard Plan and conduct assessment of learning outcomes NQF Level 5. Subject matter experience must be well developed within the field of flour confectionery and craft bread baking. The assessor must have completed:
    > A similar qualification with a minimum of 6-12 months field experience after he/she has completed the qualification.
    OR
    > National Certificate in Plant Bread Processing NQF Level 3.
    OR
    > Food science and technology qualification on NQF Level 5 or higher.
  • The subject matter experience of the assessor can be established by recognition of prior learning.
  • Assessors need to be registered with the Food and Beverage Education and Training Quality Assurance Body. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    NOTES 
    This qualification replaces qualification 20657, "National Certificate: Food and Beverage Processing: Plant Baking Processing", Level 2, 120 credits. 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  120410  Clean and sanitise food manufacturing equipment and surfaces manually  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  259379  Demonstrate knowledge of bread plant baking history, ingredients and processes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  120403  Apply good manufacturing practices as part of a food safety system  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  120416  Apply personal safety practices in a food or sensitive consumer product environment  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  259397  Make-up of dough in an automated bread plant bakery  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Core  259381  Operate and control a bread packaging machine  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  259377  Operate and control an automated plant baking prover and oven  Level 2  NQF Level 02  13 
    Core  120417  Understand the control of pests and waste materials as part of a food safety system  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  259382  Produce bread dough in an automated bread plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119463  Access and use information from texts  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9009  Apply basic knowledge of statistics and probability to influence the use of data and procedures in order to investigate life related problems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  120402  Demonstrate an understanding of introductory principles of chemistry and physics  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9008  Identify, describe, compare, classify, explore shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional shapes in different contexts  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  119454  Maintain and adapt oral/signed communication  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  119460  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  7469  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal and community life  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9007  Work with a range of patterns and functions and solve problems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  119456  Write/present for a defined context  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  13998  Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of supply and demand, and the concept: production  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  116932  Operate a personal computer system  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  15091  Plan to manage one`s time  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  259378  Prepare and handle pans for production in a semi-automated bread plant bakery  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  259380  Stack and store bread in a semi-automated bread plant bakery  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  14096  Understand and apply technological knowledge and skills in Processes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  117902  Use generic functions in a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-environment  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  120238  Collate and shrink-wrap packaged products using automated wrapping equipment  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  10703  Control the cooling process of baked bread manually in a bread plant bakery  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  8766  Mix or blend food raw materials for processing using automated equipment  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  10700  Operate and control an automated bread plant cooler  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  242781  Pack manually  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  10695  Prepare and handle pans for production  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  8804  Store and route food raw materials and products  Level 3  NQF Level 03 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Bfa Skills 
    2. InnerOut Training Solutions 
    3. OPTIMUM LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.