|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE:|
|Further Education and Training Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|61949||Further Education and Training Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations|
|SGB Pulp and Paper|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|FPMSETA - Fibre Processing and Manufacturing Sector Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Further Ed and Training Cert||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Manufacturing and Assembly|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||140||Level 4||NQF Level 04||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered"
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification replaces:
|Qual ID||Qualification Title||Pre-2009 NQF Level||NQF Level||Min Credits||Replacement Status|
|48643||Further Education and Training Certificate: Chemical Pulp Manufacturing||Level 4||NQF Level 04||168||Complete|
|48644||Further Education and Training Certificate: Paper, Board or Tissue Manufacturing||Level 4||NQF Level 04||176||Complete|
|48645||Further Education and Training Certificate: Pulp and Paper Chemical Recovery||Level 4||NQF Level 04||158||Complete|
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
This qualification is part of the Pulp and Paper suite of qualifications and used to address the training needs of learners wishing to progress beyond NQF Level 3 in pulp and paper operations.
This competence provides the foundation needed to take responsibility for monitoring and controlling one of the highly complex processes in the pulp and paper manufacturing industry. The qualification allows the learner a choice of four elective specialisation areas associated with the different operational areas of a pulp and paper production facility. It also provides the basis upon which further related learning at NQF Level 5 and further levels as well as career development can take place.
Qualifying learners will:
Social development and economic transformation are enhanced through efficient task performance, and career development and personal job satisfaction of processing personnel are facilitated through the learning process used to achieve the competency specified.
This qualification will contribute to the full development of the learner within the pulp and paper industry by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this qualification are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the progression and economic growth within the pulp and paper processing and maintenance fraternity.
This qualification replaces the National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Woodyard Operations NQF Level 3 (ID 35939).
This is the final qualification in a learning pathway for people working in the pulp and paper processing industry who need to progress beyond NQF Level 2 in Pulp and Paper Operations. The NQF Level 2, 3, and 4 qualifications in Pulp and Paper Operations are aimed at the learner who wants to gain competence in the skills needed for pulp and paper manufacturing operations in a pulp and paper mill.
The National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations NQF Level 4 allows the learner a choice of specialisation areas in the pulp and paper manufacturing industry. This competence provides the foundation needed to progress in the pulp and paper industry. Through the employment of competent personnel, employers and the industry have confidence that this critical work in the industry is efficiently carried out.
Typical learners are operating personnel working in a chemical or a pulp and paper processing plant. The pulp and paper industry is well established in South Africa and its success is dependant upon the efficient production of products. Achievement of this objective is largely dependant upon the competence, recognised by this qualification, of the people who operate processing equipment. An adequate number of people with these skills are needed to ensure that the pulp and paper production units in South Africa operate productively.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|This qualification has been designed as the final in a series of four qualifications for pulp and paper operations in the pulp and paper processing and related manufacturing industry.
It is assumed that the learners are already competent in:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
Access to the qualification:
Access is open to anyone with access to learning opportunities and work experience on an appropriate selection of systems. The learning assumed to be in place is essential to the learning specified in this qualification. If the learner is not yet competent in this regard the shortfalls must be addressed prior to commencing with learning specified in this qualification. This is necessary to ensure the safety of the learner, co-workers, the work process and the environment.
Access for learners with disabilities is dependant on the:
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
|In the compulsory Fundamental Component of the qualification, a learner must demonstrate his/her competence in the 20 credits in the field of Communication in a first language at NQF Level 4, 20 credits in the field of Communication in a second language at NQF Level 3, plus 16 credits in the field of Mathematics. In the Fundamental Component the learner must therefore demonstrate his/her competence in a total of 56 credits.
The unit standards in the compulsory Core Component of the qualification reflect the skills and competencies needed for building expertise in the pulp and paper manufacturing field. In the Core Component, the learner must demonstrate his/her competence in the total of 53 credits.
The Elective component of the qualification is made up of the following two sections:
NLRD ID; Pulp and paper electives; Level; Credits:
NLRD ID; Electives; Level; Credits:
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Maintain process efficiency by applying scientific principles applicable to the pulp and paper industry.
2. Monitor and control a pulp and paper process in a range of specialised contexts using standard operating procedures (SOPs).
3. Contribute as a process expert to multi-functional group activities to improve different aspects of plant performance.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
Each critical cross-field outcome was considered in terms of its applicability to each of the specific outcomes for each unit standard. Where it was found to be applicable, the nature of the skills being developed was specified by the working group and captured in the standard.
Critical cross-field outcomes are assessed per unit standards and are part of all exit level outcomes.
Critical cross-field outcomes have been addressed by the exit level outcomes as follows:
> Responding to emergencies in a processing environment; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2.
> Investigating process improvement methods; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Applying operating procedures; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.
> Controlling variables impacting on process operations; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Working in a coordinated team during system start-up and shut down, Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.
> Participating in a task team, Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2.
> Co-ordinating one's work with that of others in the direct surrounding area, internal and external operations; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Controlling the integrated process; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1 and 3.
> Planning and implementing one's own routine operational functions; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2 and 3.
> Planning and implementing corrective action to maintain product quality; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.
> Applying scientific principles to complex separation processes; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1.
> Investigating process improvement methods; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2.
> Monitoring the impact of all process and product variables; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2 and 3.
> Managing records, reports and stock; Evident in exit level outcome 2 and 3.
> Recording and interpretation of instrument readings; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Making recommendations to the task team; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2.
> Issuing a permit to work in a process environment; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2.
> Preparing and presenting reports; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Issuing a permit to work in a process environment; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1.
> Controlling technologically advanced production equipment according to operating procedures; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.
> Working and interpreting technologically advanced instrumentation and computer systems; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1 and 3.
> Participating in quality assurance practices; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Adjusting equipment and machinery while taking cognisance of the downstream impact; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2 and 3.
> Maintaining and applying safety practices in the processing environment; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Maintaining and applying quality practices in the processing environment; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2 and 3.
> Performing core operating functions; Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1 and 3.
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
Associated assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
Associated assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
The applied competence (practical, foundational and reflexive competencies) of this qualification will be achieved if a candidate is able to achieve all the exit level outcomes of this qualification.
Appropriate methods and tools must be used to assess practical, foundational and reflexive competence of the learner in all the exit level outcomes listed above, as well as to determine a learner's ability to solve problems, work in a team, organise him/herself, use applied science, and understand the implications of actions and reactions in the world as a set of related systems. Such an assessment process will determine development of the whole person, and the integration of applied knowledge and skills.
Assessors should develop, conduct, and ensure integration of, assessment by making use of a range of formative and summative assessment methods against the unit standards that make up the qualification. Combinations of applied, foundational and reflective competencies, including critical cross-field outcomes, should be assessed wherever possible.
Moderators should ensure that assessment is valid, consistent and integrated into work or learning, and that there is sufficient and authenticated evidence of learner competence against the whole qualification.
|An extensive international comparability comparison was made including Australia, New Zealand, Britain, Scotland, Canada, the USA, Sweden, Finland, Germany and relevant African countries.
USA, Canada, Scandinavia and Germany:
Despite the fact that the pulp and paper industry is very well-developed in all the countries in the extreme northern areas of the world, most operators are still trained on the job with some short courses offered by equipment suppliers.
In the USA staff is mostly trained on the specific machines they operate at the time of establishing a new mill. TAPPI (a technical association for the pulp, paper and converting industry) offers a wide range of short, technical courses for operating staff. A number of pulp and paper related university degrees are also offered in the USA.
Canada has the largest pulp operations in the world, but has no formal national qualifications registered. As is the international trend, most operator training is done on the job. However, a number of colleges offer a Pulp and Paper Operations Certificate (post school) training course. The courses generally train the learners from 7 to 9 months in general pulp and paper mill operations for entry level machine and utility operators. As in the USA, pulp and paper related degrees are offered by local universities.
The Scandinavian pulp and paper industry (including Sweden, Norway and Finland) follows the same trend. Most training is done on the job, with no vocational training leading to a qualification. As in the USA there are a variety of pulp and paper degrees on offer at universities in all three these countries.
Three year Paper Technology Diplomas are offered by several German Universities. Although these diplomas have a strong workplace emphasis, they are comparable to South African diplomas rather than vocational training qualifications Subject content is similar to that contained in the technical part of the South African qualification, namely: industry background, machine operations and components, maintenance functions, computer skills with a technical project to complete the diploma.
African countries with manufacturing facilities (including SADC countries) were searched for applicable qualifications or training programmes, but no relevant qualifications are offered in any of these countries. Similar to international companies, the majority of training is provided by equipment suppliers with three to five day short training courses. The only pulp and paper facility in the SADC outside South Africa is in Swaziland - learners from this facility will be trained according to the South African qualification.
A comparison with the NZQA was included, because it is an educational structure comparable to the NQF. An internet search of the NZQA revealed three registered qualifications (National Certificates) ranging from Levels 2 to 4 in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing.
The New Zealand "National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing (Level 2)" is an introduction to pulp and paper operations containing a compulsory core component consisting of units standards in communication, teamwork, employment relations, health, safety, quality, environmental protection and manufacturing process knowledge. The learner has to choose 10 credits from Elective Group A which contains unit standards dealing with specific pulp and paper industry skills and 19 credits from Elective Group B which is made up of general unit standards such as workplace safety, distribution, business administration and computer skills.
The compulsory core sections of the National Certificates in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Levels 3 and 4 are common so that people wishing to progress from the Level 3 qualification to the Level 4 qualification have a common grounding in the principles of pulp and paper manufacturing. This core component consist of unit standards with a technical focus such as pumps and valves, chemistry and physics and the fundamentals of process control systems make up.
For competence in the "National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing (Level 3)" the learner needs to prove competence in the 28 credits core unit standards, 35 credits from pulp and paper specialisation areas and 27 general electives. The general elective sections of both Level 3 and 4 qualifications also provide recognition for a range of manufacturing and generic industry skills, and cover areas such as workplace safety, distribution, business administration, and communications.
Just as in the South African NQF Level 4 qualification, learners completing the "National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing (Level 4)" specialise in either, pulpmaking, papermaking or chemical recovery. The learner needs to prove competence in a total of 120 credits which consist of 28 credits core unit standards and 35 credits specialisation electives. If all 28 credits for the core were obtained in the Level 3 qualification these credits are reflected here again.
The South African qualifications compare very well with the New Zealand qualifications, but the fact that the South African qualifications have a fundamental component of communication and mathematical unit standards is advantageous for the South African learner.
An internet search of the AQF revealed that the following four qualifications are registered on the AQF:
The Australian qualifications, being very similar to the British and New Zealand qualifications, but somewhat more detailed, were chosen for the benchmark comparison. In addition the Australian pulp and paper industry is of a comparable size and sophistication as the South African pulp and paper industry.
The new Australian "Certificate I in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing" contains only a compulsory core consisting of five units in communication, safety, quality and the use of hand held tools which all have to be achieved. This qualification is not compulsory for entry to the pulp and paper qualifications as the majority of trainees enter the industry at Certificate II Level.
The Level 2 to 4 qualifications all have a compulsory core consisting mainly of communication, safety and quality. The Level 3 and 4 qualifications also include a compulsory unit on problem solving.
From Level 2 onwards the learner has to choose specialisation units from the following range of specialisation areas: Primary resources, pulping operations, chemical recovery and waste paper handling, waste paper operations, stock preparation, wet end operations, dry end operations, paper coating and finishing and converting. The Level 2 and 3 qualifications are completed with a choice of two elective units. The Level 2 and 3 elective components consist of a range of safety, emergencies, first aid, training, cranage and specialist technical skills Unit Standards.
The new Australian "Certificate IV in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing" has a compulsory core consisting of communication, productivity calculations, OHS policy and procedures, quality and advanced problem solving. This learner already specialises in one specific area and has to make a choice of one specialisation unit from the following range of specialisation areas: Resources, Pulping operations, Chemical recovery and Paper manufacture. The qualification is completed with a choice of three elective units ranging from leadership, workplace relationships, customer care, training and assessment, to cranage and sampling units.
The South African qualification includes similar core qualification structures and progressions from NQF Level 2 to NQF Level 4 and also uses separate qualifications to address pulp and paper production and tissue manufacturing. The main difference is that the Australian qualification requires of the learner to choose a specialisation area in Level 2, whereas the South African qualification offers the learner the opportunity to gain an overview of all the pulp and paper processes on Level 2 before choosing a specialisation area in Level 3.
A comparison with the British qualification was included, because the British pulp and paper industry is very well developed and the NVQ is an educational structure comparable to the NQF. An internet search of the British NVQ and the Scottish SVQ revealed the following Level 2 and 3 qualifications:
The South African NQF Level 2 qualification compares very well with the British Level 2 qualification which is made up of six compulsory units in Health and Safety, quality, raw materials, papermaking processes, plant services and process control. The main difference is that the British qualifications contain no fundamental communication and mathematical units.
The PAA\VQSET Level 3 Certificate in Paper Technology has a compulsory core containing units on Health and Safety, quality, teamwork and problem solving. The learner has to choose between Group B units and Group C units to complete the qualification. Group B contains only papermaking units, whereas Group C contains general pulp and paper operations units such as chemical recovery, coating and finishing operations.
Being the highest pulp and paper qualification registered on the QCA, this Level 3 qualification compares with the content of the South African NQF Level 3 and 4 qualifications, but it is clear that the South African qualification provides the learner with more theoretical knowledge and practical competence. The South African NQF Level 4 qualification also provides the learner with the opportunity to progress to tertiary education.
Both local and international qualifications place considerable emphasis on safety, quality and problem solving skills and allow the learner to choose from a range of specialisation areas in the paper industry.
The Pulp and Paper Operations qualifications compare well with the best international qualifications and training programmes offered. The compulsory fundamental and technical content incorporated in the qualification will serve to support qualifying learners to make better informed, autonomous decisions within a more compact timeframe than most international learners and will increase transportability of the qualification considerably.
|This qualification follows a vertical progression from the introductory NQF Level 1, Chemical Operations Qualification and will enable the qualifying learner to progress to a technologist role through the National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Technology, NQF Level 5. In addition, each of these qualifications has elective specialisation areas associated with the different operational areas of a pulp and paper production facility.
This qualification follows a direct vertical progression from the NQF Level 3, Pulp and Paper Operations qualification and will enable the qualifying learner to progress to the National Diploma in Pulp and Paper Technology at NQF Level 5 and any other higher pulp and paper qualification still to be developed for the pulp and paper industry.
This qualification is suitable for a wide range of technically oriented supervisory careers.
The generic knowledge and expertise enables the learner to progress horizontally into a career where knowledge of processing operations is necessary. These include manufacturing qualifications within, amongst others, the engineering, construction, chemical and pulp and paper industries.
Horizontal articulation within the processing industry can occur with the following registered NQF Level 4 qualifications:
The fundamental and generic core learning components will equip the learner with credits which will be useful in other fields of learning that the learner might wish to change to at any future stage.
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|In order to assess this qualification, the assessor needs:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012.|
|This qualification replaces the following:
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||14667||Describe and apply the management functions of an organization||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Core||244104||Issue a permit to work in a process environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||244105||Participate in a task team in a process environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||244089||Understand applications of Physical Chemistry in a processing environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||114246||Understand the properties of fibrous materials used in pulp and paper manufacturing||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Core||244101||Use a panel or a computer interface to control a process||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||244106||Use standard operating procedures to control a process from a panel or computer interface||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9015||Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119462||Engage in sustained oral/signed communication and evaluate spoken/signed texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119469||Read/view, analyse and respond to a variety of texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9016||Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||119471||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||7468||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119459||Write/present/sign for a wide range of contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||113909||Coach a team member in order to enhance individual performance in work environment||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||117132||Explain basic economics||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||117877||Perform one-to-one training on the job||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||244100||Apply integrated process control methods||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Elective||244097||Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of work, energy and power in physics||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||12544||Facilitate the preparation and presentation of evidence for assessment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||256283||Monitor and control the de-inking of recycled fibres for use in pulp and paper manufacturing||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Elective||256282||Monitor and control the forming and pressing of paper, board or tissue||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Elective||256280||Monitor and control the production of chemical pulp||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Elective||256281||Monitor and control the recovery of pulping liquor chemicals||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Elective||114263||Understand the operating principles, processes and variables associated with chemical pulping||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Elective||114255||Understand the operating principles, processes and variables associated with wet end operations in the pulp and paper industry||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Elective||114242||Understanding the process and the variables in the recovery of pulping chemicals||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||244103||Use automated control techniques to control a process||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||115753||Conduct outcomes-based assessment||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.