SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

National Certificate: Pulp and paper Manufacturing 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
35941  National Certificate: Pulp and paper Manufacturing 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
Was FPMSETA until Last Date for Achievement  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  141  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
SAQA 2152/04  2004-02-11  2007-02-11 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-02-11   2011-02-11  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification is replaced by: 
Qual ID Qualification Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Min Credits Replacement Status
61929  National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  130  Complete 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
This qualification is for learners who seek recognition for workplace-based common or non-specific skills and for those learners preparing to enter work in the pulp and paper industry.
Qualifying learners will:
  • Have an understanding of the various process operations that are found in the pulp and paper industry.
  • Know about and be able to engage in basic manufacturing operations in the context of the pulp and paper industry.
  • Know the principles and operation of mechanical, electrical and instrumentation equipment as used in the pulp and paper industry (for example: valves, pumps and hydraulic equipment)
  • Have competence in mathematical literacy, science, reading, writing and speaking relevant to the pulp and paper industry.
  • Be able to progress to higher qualifications in pulp and paper operations.

    The qualification is designed to` be flexible and accessible so that learners are able to demonstrate the competencies required to work safely and effectively in the pulp and paper industry.

    Rationale of the qualification

    This qualification is the first in a series for people working in the pulp and paper industry who need to progress beyond NQF level 1 (ABET) and for learners who are entering the pulp and paper industry. The qualification reflects the workplace-based common or non-specific needs that a learner requires in the pulp and paper industry, before progressing to learning at a higher level. Learning at a higher level enables the learner to follow a career in any one of the diverse process operations within the pulp and paper industry, such as woodyard operations, chemical recovery, pulp manufacturing and paper, board or tissue manufacturing. The needs, as verified by various Industry forums, are expressed by employers and employees, for both now and the future. This qualification provides the learner with accessibility to employment and enables the learner to work in various jobs in the pulp and paper industry, for example embossing, supercalendering, laminating and baling.
    While the learning specified within this qualification is contextualised to the pulp and paper industry, the qualification has been constructed in such a way that the learner will be able, with some further learning, to adapt the skills and knowledge to other manufacturing industries. The qualification therefore supports the principle of portability within the manufacturing industry as a whole in South Africa and thus provides added value to the qualifying learner (increased employability) and to society and the economy (the creation of a pool of learners with manufacturing skills). 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The learning assumed to be in place is necessary to ensure the learner has the ability to achieve the unit standards in the qualification. The following is the learning assumed to be in place:
  • Verbal and written communication at NQF level 1 or equivalent.
  • Numeracy at NQF level 1 or equivalent.
  • Science and technology at NQF level 1 or equivalent.
    Should learners not have the learning assumed to be in place, learning in preparation for this qualification should also include literacy, numeracy and science and technology concepts.

    Recognition of prior learning

    By a process of recognition of prior learning, the leaner will be able to gain credits and thus this qualification may be achieved in part or completely through the recognition of prior learning.

    Assessment for the recognition of prior learning is, as for any assessment, subject to the following principles:
  • The application of NQF and credible assessment principles.
  • The assessment being planned and designed on the basis of understanding the requirements of the unit standard, part qualification or qualification that the learner is seeking credit for.
  • Collection of different types of evidence and quality of evidence.
  • The application of the correct assessment process and moderation requirements. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    Rules of combination
  • All fundamental unit standards are compulsory (58 credits)
  • All core unit standards are compulsory (63 credits)
  • A selection of elective unit standards (minimum 20 credits)

    The level assigned to this qualification is appropriate according to SAQA's level descriptors, namely:
  • The process requires familiarity with the main areas of a discipline/subject
  • A basic understanding of the discipline's key terms
  • Familiarity with basic procedures and operations
  • An ability to use the above to select appropriate procedures to solve familiar routine problems within a given framework
  • An ability to summarise, interpret and take a position on available information
  • Well-developed literacy and numeracy skills in the required medium of instruction 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Understand and apply first level First Aid and first level Fire Fighting techniques as they relate to the pulp and paper industry.
    2. Understand and explain the basic processes, relevant equipment and raw materials used in the pulp and paper industry, as specified in workplace procedures.
    3. Use basic mechanical, electrical and instrumentation equipment in the pulp and paper industry.

    Critical cross-field outcomes

    This qualification addresses the following critical cross-field outcomes. The way in which the critical cross-field outcomes are addressed is presented in detail in the unit standards outlined:
  • Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made
  • Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community
  • Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively
  • Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information
  • Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion
  • Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others
  • Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation

    Learning programmes directed towards this qualification will also contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of society at large, by making individuals aware of the importance of:
  • Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively
  • Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities
  • Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts
  • Exploring education and career opportunities, and developing entrepreneurial opportunities 

  • ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    1.1 First level first aid techniques are explained and applied or demonstrated
  • First level fire fighting techniques are explained and applied or demonstrated

    2.1 The origin, use and properties of raw materials are understood and explained
  • The fundamental principles of the basic pulp and paper manufacturing processes are understood and explained
  • The main components of the pulp production processes are described and explained
  • The main components of the paper production processes are described and explained
  • Major items of equipment used in pulp and paper manufacturing processes are identified
  • The functions, principles of operation and uses of mechanical, electrical and instrumentation equipment are discussed and explained
  • The origin and supply of water and power is described and explained
  • Maintenance principles are understood and explained
  • Process flows are represented diagrammatically, showing all major items of equipment

    3.1 Mechanical, electrical and instrumentation equipment is used within standard time, following all safety principles and according to workplace instructions.

    Integrated Assessment

    The unit standards, on which this qualification is based, describe the competent performance in pulp and paper operations. The criteria, by which competence is judged, as well as the range of circumstances in which competence is demonstrated, are found in each unit standard.
    Integrated assessment methods and tools for this qualification must allow the learner to demonstrate the acquired knowledge and the safe and efficient competencies required in pulp and paper operations. For summative assessment the tools include:
  • Written and/or oral tests to determine level of knowledge.
  • On-the-job observation to determine applied competence.

    The tools used for formative assessment during the learning programme include:
  • Written tests
  • Oral testing
  • On-the-job observation
  • Role-play situations.

    For each learner a portfolio of evidence of all these assessments must be built up for record-keeping purposes. This portfolio may include, inter alia:
  • Production reports
  • Journals/logbooks, records of work performance.
  • Work samples
  • Supervisor and peer reports
  • Relevant awards or certificates.
  • Previous assessment records.
    The learner's level of prior learning will determine the way an integrated assessment will be conducted. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    The core and elective components have been developed, taking into account South Africa's unique context, but also looking at international best practice. Benchmarking was done by comparison to Unit Standards/ Outcomes of learning against:

    New Zealand and Australian Qualifications:
  • National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing level 2 and related unit standards

    National Vocational Qualifications from Britain (City and Guilds):
  • Various NVQ relating to Paper making and relevant unit standards
    This qualification compares favourably with the above mentioned international qualifications/unit standards in terms of outcomes, assessment criteria and degree of difficulty.

    The fundamental components, reflecting foundational learning and generic skills and knowledge have been derived from South African NQF unit standards. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    This qualification is the first in a series that allows a learner to progress to higher qualifications in pulp and paper operations, namely:
    National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Woodyard Operations (level 3)
    National Certificate in Chemical Pulp Manufacturing (level 4)
    National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Chemical Recovery (level 4)
    National Certificate in Paper, Board or Tissue Manufacturing (level 4)
    National Diploma in Pulp and Paper Technology (level 6)

    Any other higher pulp and paper qualification still to be developed for the pulp and paper industry.
    The fundamental and generic core learning components will equip the learner with credits which will be useful in other fields of learning that the learner might wish to change to at any future stage.
    The choice of elective learning components allows the learner to achieve additional competencies in a variety of contexts, for example: embossing, supercalendering, laminating baling, manufacturing cores, winding, operating an overhead crane or forklift. 

    MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
    Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation. 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments:
  • Special note of the need for integrated assessment should be taken.
  • Evidence should be gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.

    All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment as defined below:
  • Appropriate: The method of assessment is suited to the performance being assessed.
  • Fair: The method of assessment does not present any barriers to achievements, which are not related to the evidence.
  • Manageable: The methods used make for easy arranged cost-effective assessments that do not unduly interfere with learning.
  • Integration into work or learning: Evidence collection is integrated into the work or learning process where this is appropriate and feasible.
  • Valid: The assessment focuses on the requirements laid down in the Standard; i.e. the assessment is fit for purpose.
  • Direct: The activities in the assessment mirror the conditions of actual performance as closely as possible.
  • Authentic: The assessor is satisfied that the work being assessed is attributable to the learner being assessed.
  • Sufficient: The evidence collected establishes that all criteria have been met and that performance to the required Standard can be repeated consistently.
  • Systematic: Planning and recording is sufficiently rigorous to ensure that assessment is fair.
  • Open: Learners can contribute to the planning and accumulation of evidence. Learners understand the assessment process and the criteria that apply.
  • Consistent: The same assessor would make the same judgement again in similar circumstances. The judgement made is similar to the judgement that would be made by other assessors.

    Criteria for the registration of Assessors

    For an applicant to register as an assessor for this qualification, the applicant should:
  • Be declared competent in all the outcomes of the National Assessor Unit Standards as stipulated by SAQA
  • Have a recognised technical qualification in pulp and paper such as the NTC in Pulp and Paper (N2) or an equivalent qualification
  • Have worked in the pulp and paper industry and be a subject matter expert in the area of pulp and paper making processes. 

  • NOTES 
    This qualification has been replaced by qualification 61929, which is "National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations", Level 2, 130 credits.

    Range Statements

    The unit standards provide the details of the ranges within which candidates are required to perform. 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  12199  Demonstrate an understanding of quality principles used in the chemical industry  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  9964  Apply health and safety to a work area  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  12037  Demonstrate knowledge of mechanical and electrical equipment  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  110051  Demonstrate understanding of pulp and paper making manufacturing processes  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Core  12466  Explain the individual`s role within business  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  7547  Operate a personal computer system  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  12133  Operate pumps  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  12484  Perform basic fire fighting  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  12483  Perform basic first aid  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  10585  Describe bearing types, designs and application theories associated with process plants  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  10582  Describe lubrication methods and applications associated with process plants  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  14036  Describe plant instrumentation and process measurement used on Power Generation plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  10587  Describe the working principle of compressed air systems associated with process plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  10598  Differentiate between valve designs and application theories associated with process plants  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  10488  Interpret liquid transfer theories in a process plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  10707  Understanding the principles of magnetism  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  8963  Access and use information from texts  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9009  Apply basic knowledge of statistics and probability to influence the use of data and procedures in order to investigate life related problems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  13202  Apply study and learning techniques  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9122  Demonstrate knowledge of introductory principles of chemistry and physics  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  7480  Demonstrate understanding of rational and irrational numbers and number systems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  12465  Develop a learning plan and a portfolio for assessment  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9008  Identify, describe, compare, classify, explore shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional shapes in different contexts  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  8962  Maintain and adapt oral communication  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9268  Manage basic personal finance  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  12463  Understand and deal with HIV/AIDS  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  8967  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  7469  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal and community life  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9007  Work with a range of patterns and functions and solve problems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  8964  Write for a defined context  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  9976  Apply basic business concepts  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  110043  Classify waste paper as per the South African Grade Definition  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  9599  Lift and move material and equipment by means of a forklift  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  110040  Manufacture cores for the pulp and paper industry  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  110048  Produce bales of waste paper using a baling machine  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  110037  Produce cut cores for the pulp and paper industry  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  110049  Produce embossed paper, board or tissue  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  110085  Produce laminated paper or board  Level 2  NQF Level 02  15 
    Elective  110034  Produce wrapped finished paper, board or tissue products  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Elective  9737  Transfer material by means of a belt conveyor  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  10195  Apply Engineering Principles and concepts in a Power Generation Process Plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  10673  Comply with Electrical Safety Standards in a Process Plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  14204  Interpret basic electronic theories in power plant process control  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  10677  Interpret electrical theories  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  10522  Interpret solid transfer system theories in a process plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  8039  Operating cranes  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  13689  Prepare and supply bagasse  Level 3  NQF Level 03  14 
    Elective  110041  Produce cut/slit sheets of paper, board, pulp or tissue  Level 3  NQF Level 03  16 
    Elective  110036  Produce paper, board or tissue reels using a winder or rewinder  Level 3  NQF Level 03  14 
    Elective  110031  Produce supercalendered paper or board  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
    Elective  114254  Reduce logs to groundwood pulp  Level 3  NQF Level 03  22 
    Elective  114249  Reduce wood chips to thermo mechanical pulp  Level 3  NQF Level 03  26 
    Elective  10719  Understand the operating principles of transformers  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  114266  Understand the processes and variables in mechanical pulping  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    When qualifications are replaced, some of their learning programmes are moved to being recorded against the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replacement.
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. MONDI GTU 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.